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Read the Summary, Pages IIS A. 
Single Copy 50 cts Index on Lc ge. 

Library of Congress. 



Chap. \ 

History of Marietta 


MARIETTA, I » 1 1 1 < ». 



PRI> it K8, 


S C i> 7- 


Century Review 



Early History, Natural Advantages, Schools. 
Churches. Secret and Social Societies. 
Surrounding Oil Fields, 

BanKing Interests, 

Transportation Facilities. 

Industrial and Corporate Concerns. 

Commercial, Professional and othjer Interests. 

Future Prospects from a Conservative Standpoint. 

Under Auspices of th)e 

Cix So^cr of tit--^ pampblct wculs rctpcctfullt call vcur attention to the "Summary" anl f 

a « v. ■ . ' r 

\ * 


i i 









""- i'" k wa* platted with] the town in 1788 and is a handsome placi 
with a heavy ijreen sward a mat of willows growins on the river hank, a 

- monument, rMnncii. rcum-nii m band Btands, boat house and other attrac 
lions. Its ntateh elms mid m- ot so thick as to ohokeout themeadov 

which i" k< pt clog< l.\ cropped. M as City 1 'ark. 


Zhc denture IRcvicw. 

(Board of Trade Edition.) 
With tho commencement of the Twentieth Century, January 1, 1901, Marietta 
will have completed LOO years of oorporate existence and the Board of Trade deem 
It to be an opportune time to sum up the work of the past, record historical data in 
a convenient form for preservation and givea comprehensive -ketch of the advan- 
tages and surroundings of this city, void of the usual e personal effusions 
which often characterize Bketcb editions Five members of this board have been 
ohosen to supervise it- Bubjeot matter and we desire bo say that it is not in the popu- 
lar Bense a boom • dition, which usually means highly colored articles, hut Is a plain 
matter of-fact description of Marietta's past aad present; the illustrations a- far as 
possil te having been made from recent photographs, which will prove her solid ar- 
chitectural advancement and show forth some of the beauties of nature. 

The truth told, combined with its own natural advantages, are sufficient to 
Becure tho continued growth and prosperity of this city, especially as its material 
interests are now largely in the hands of astute pushing men. Up to the date of the 
organization of this board, in 1887, Marietta may have properly been termed a slow 
town; but its foundation stones of material wealth, solid agricultural resources, good 
educational and commercial facilities had been well laid. It is surrounded by a 
steadily productive oil field, with unsurpassed natural advanl ; 1 only needed 

the real Bpirit of enterprise, to bring a great variety of diversified manufacturing, 
to assist in rearing the handsome superstructure of the fine industrial city which is 
now arising before us and which will continue to enlarge and beautify Marietl 
future so long a- guided by the liberal and yet withal conservative Bplrlt which now 
dominates our principal interests. Our committe believe, it to be appropriate to 
here reproduce the statistics which were given for publication by this Board of 
Trade, Nov. lb, 1899, which are as follow-: 

industrially, has been from within and not from without. Only a few of her Indus- 
trie are Importations. They began small and gradually grew into good paving in- 
stitutions. We have had very few failure- in the past ten yea.- During that, 
period Marietta has grown from acitv of -\U00 to one of 15,000 people. 1 here are 
more houses in this city built within that period than there are houses built >•• 
that, Bhowing a Strong contrast between old Marietta and the new. Che Ola 
houses for residence purposes that have been built are of good proportions and de- 
sirable homes, most of them containing bath rooms and having all the modernoon- 
Teniences, Inoluding natural gas, illuminating gas fixtures, and appliances for electric 
lighting. The city streets are nearly all paved with brick, and have the usual z,uuu 
candle power arc lights at all Intersections. People who come hero to live and once 
get interested In the social and munioipal life of the city Beldon L he insti- 

tutions Of learning located here have a great deal to do with making it an attractive 
place. Marietta College, Academy, Bigh School and Commercial College, supported 
by the fine common schools of lower grade, afford ail the educational advantages 
that anyone can want for their children and youth. All of Marietta's educational 
Institutions are for boys and girls alike. Co-education has taken a strong hold here 

and ha$ come to stay. . , , 

What has all this to do with tho Industrial development of a city on the line oi 
rivers and railway^ Very much in every way. Better workmen come from the 
intelligent than from the Ignorant classes: skilled labor Is better for a community 


■ • 





On th( extrerm riirht-eentre. the W. Va. shore is Been at WilliamsNiwn, 
to the left of which Is the Ohio, divided bj Marietta [eland which shows in 

.-.•lit i. 'i in. In ill- md lathe west side across the Muskingum, on the 

i: i: I I'l in\ Mill. Ttmrned May ' ''•"" , The old 

en place t" :i better ■■ 


than unskilled. Education and refinement tend to make a better social abmos] 
It would hardly be necessary to mention these self-evident truths here if It were 
not incumbent on us to reiterate and Insist on the pre-eminent advantages of this 
city in these respects. While Marietta's industrial growth has been from within it 
is also true that capital has come here to go into business. Certainly the doubling 
of the population within ten years implies that a great many people have moved to 
Marietta, and the fact that very few of them have moved away, shows that they are 
getting what they came for, better opportunities for making money, and satisfactory 
social conditions. We have helped several Industries to come to Marietta, and 
these, its a rule, have been successful, not only for themselves, but are a help to the 
city by giving employment to our citizens and increased trade to our merchants. 
Marietta is in the midst of a bituminous coal region. The vein in the Federal 
Creek district is not excelled in thickness and qua'ity for fuel, steam, or coke pur- 
lins,-,. The quarries for grindstones are numerous in this vicinity. The famous 
Constitution stone nerds no introduction to tho business world New quarries are 
being constantly opened. There are also a number of quarries for building stone in 
the immediate vicinity. The hills are full of fine clays and shales, out of which the 
finest building brick and street pavers are made Along the Muskingum river are 
numerous tine hunks of sand and gravel. Fine water power is right at the door of 
Marietta, afforded by the dam in the Muskingum river, arid the supply of water is 
practically unlimited. We are in the midst of a timber country, mo-tly seoond 
growth, the hardwoods predominating. The valleys that center at Marietta are 
the most productive and suitable for gardening or for any other farm purpose. (A 
list of about a hundred industrial concerns, showing thirty-eight lines of manufac- 
ture, was here given, but as these are all mentioned In detail in the following pages 
we will not reprint them here.) 

'•PETROLEUM OIL AND NATURAL QAS.— In addition to many other favors 
that nature conferred on this region, not by any means the least, are the extensive 
fields of oil and gas territory that lie immediately around this city, some of the de- 
veloped, indeed being within the city limits. Standing on a high place In this city 
one can see oil derricks looming up on all sides and forming a complete circle around 
the place. Owing to the proximity of this fine oil producing territory. Marietta 
has been favored in many ways. New industries have sprung up and new calls for 
labor and material have been made. Manufactories requiring natural gas rind here 
a supply that has every promise of lasting for many years to come, but considering 
the cheapness of steam coal at Marietta, the use of natural gas in steam furnaces is 
not a necessity; however, where the finer products of glass and porcelain depeud on 
natural gas as a fuel, its use can be had. 

"RAILROADS CENTERING HERE.— The question of transportation is one of 

great importance to any firm considering a new location or a change in business. 
We invite attention to the advantages that Marietta presents in this particular. 
The first railroad that came was the Marietta and Cincinnati, now known as the B. 
&. O. S. W. R. R. That road was to have run from Cincinnati to Marietta, and so on 
up the Ohio valley to Wheeling. Over $250,000 was subscribed in and about Mari- 

> build this road. Interest and all, it has amounted to over K ,000. The 

road from here to Wheeling, although partly completed, was never finished, so that 
Marietta, after all her sacrifices, never got a through line, but still is at the terminal 
of four railroads and on the line of the Ohio River railroad, yet separated from it by 
the Ohio river, [t is estimated that if the road from this city to Wheeling on this 
side of the river had been built and in operation during the past ten years ol 
developments on this side of the Ohio, that it would have paid for itself. N 
road built along a great river like the Ohio will go into the hands of a rei 
Such roads pay from the word go, yet Marietta is still deprived of this much di 
outlet. A railroad bridge across the Ohio at Marietta would place this city in more 
direct communication with the timber and oil fields of West Virginia and ena 
railroads to deliver freight and passenger-- at the I'nion depot, in this city. It 
would enable the Baltimore and Ohio R R. 1 • this point and t ike the route 

originally surveyed, reaching Grafton by a Line Beveral miles shorter and with 
tunnels and much I ides than the present route es»x 

'•The next railroad was the product of Marietta enterprise. Th< 

R. R. S\N IN<i I'll k. 

Marietta was built early in the Seventies. It connects direc ly with the 
land Terminal and Valley road at Valley Ju.noti.on, and a passenger leaving here u 
the morning arrives a1 Cleveland at 2 o'clock in the afternoon, It, in now under 
control of the Pennsylvania Company, and is becoming a fine piece of railroad prop 
erty. Numerous small town- have sprung up along the line and many industriei 
that would not have come into existence but for the road have become feederB anc 
Bouroes of truth ! and great profit to the ( Sompany. 

"The Toledo and OhioCentral Extension giv< - Marietta a direct northwester! 
en tmec Hon with Columbus and the north wesi [1 taps the Federal < !reek coal regloi 
and at Palos connects with the Ohio Central line. The Zinesville & Ohio Rivei 
railroad runs along the Muskingum valley north to Zanesvllle, and affords apleasan 
and picturesque route north The valley of the Muskingum river isatalltimei 
attractive and beautiful, thus rendering it a favorite passenger route, and the easj 
grades make ita desirable freight line, connecting at Zanesvllle with the B, & 
J I, R, to all points east and west, 

"RIVER TRANSPORTATION. -The Ohio River has always been a cheap ant 
important means of transportation but sine* the determination of the governmeu 

to improve it, public attention bas i n again drawn to its great importance an< 

ace in commercial transactions. Congress, at its last session determined t< 
build two dams in the Obio river, one at Wheeling and one at, Marietta. The inllu 
ence these two public works will have ean not be estimated. The Marietta dam wll 
create a harbor at this port, with ten to twelve feel of water all the year round 
Tins depth gradually diminishing up stream will, for several miles up the Ohio am 
up the two creeks just above this city, create d< ep water and will lead to the looatloi 
of Dew lndusl ries along the deep harbor line. Especially will this be truo as to in 
dustrles needing barges for transportation of their product." 

The design of the Board in promoting this issue is to present in a concise 
and reliable manner all tie' material features of progress and prospect, with a brie 

mention of the persons or firms who an ally doing something worthy of note, tha 

the natural and acquired advantages of Marietta may be made known to the world 
Much time and labor has been spent in the endeavor to make this Bmall volume i 
true chronicle of facts and figures. A perusal of these pages and a glanoe at the 
illustrations will give to even the casual reader some idea of the commercial an( 
industrial Interests now in operation, the beautiful homes and picturesque surround 
ing scenery, the transportation facilities and the probabilities of greater develop 
ments which are now projected and almost certain to materalize in the near future 

That thi- edition may accomplish the good sought by the Board of Trade, It 
advertising Marietta, the cordial CO-operation Of every business man is requested, ec 
that a wide Bpread distribution of our advantage- may be made known and it is bo 
lieyed thai everj progressive Arm will heartily assist in the good work of letting th< 
light of the city shine abroad, to bring many additional permanent industries. 

The Board of Trade. — While it Is not the purpose of this board to blow it 
<»'.vn born, the fact -land- out nevertheless that it was the leading spirit to advocate 
many of the various public improvements thai have been put in operutioi 
within the p i-t decade. It bas also been the means of Locating several manufartur 
Ing plants here and of keeping some firms that thought of leaving Marietta. Ii 
its membership today are found about I" many of whom are among our mos 

progressive citizens and from the start it has had the li if Marietta's besl 

brain workers J. II Grafton was its first president and B P. Strecker flrstsecre 
tary. C L. Plan lere bas officiated as secretary for seven years, freely giving vnlu 
able time to thie public interest, and s. J, Hathaway, the president for two yean 
past, was former president of the council and Is a^ays anxious to promote thi 
good of the city. He is a native of Wayne Co. N. Y. came to this place in 1853 ant 
graduated from Marietta College* in IS 


Cemetery Mound. 

Above truncated cone is 36 ft. in height, and a perfect specimen ofthe 
in. I Builders" art. It i*. surrounded by :i circular ditch and embankment 
made with ma ttical precision, rh is sacred relic of the pre-historic i 

i- zealously guarded by municipal ordina and In the surrounding c< metery 

he names of manj noted dead, it is a picturesque spot where the dust of 
the white man coin Ingles with thai ■ •! thejancienl aborigln* s. 

Pre- Historic Times to Modern History. 

The Ohio valley is full of interest for the student of American History, hoth 
present and remote. Long before the Indians of whom we have record roam d 
through tl» is section it is believed to have been inhabited by a superior people, of 
whom not even a tradition remains, whose only monuments are earth-works and 
tumuli, scattered here and there, in Home places containing bones from men of gi- 
gantic size. Whether these were a distincl people from the Indians or not. we may 
never know, but it is probable that they were a division of the half-civilized race 
from wh(jm the Mexican Aztecs descended. Relics from these "Mound builders" 
were formerly abundant throughout this valley, but whin and by what agency they 
became extinct, so far remains as deep a mystery as that of the lost Island of 

THE INDIANS— Tho Algonquin Indians arc the earliest aborigines here of 
whom we have record and of them hut meagre sketches. They were succeeded by 
tie- Eries, who laid claim to all the region south of Lake Erie, which remains as a 
monument to their name, the signification of which is stealthy or cat-like, and the 
tribe was a large and powerful one in the first half of the seventeenth century. It 
is related that their chief wa-> envious of the Iroquois but challenged them to a game 
of friendly ball, which culminated in wrestling and racing by the athletes of the 
opposing tribes, in all of which the Iroquois came otT victorious. Chagrined by 
their defeat, a few weeks Inter the Erie- must »red their entire force of warriors and 
started for the home of the Iroquois. The latter having been apprised of the de- 
sign of their enemies rallied their allies and gave battle to the Eries. As there 
were no reporters present wo are without details, but it suthce to say that the Eries 
were finally so completely exterminated as to leave no remnant of the tribe. The 
1 1 -it quols by an alliance of five tribes had formed a semblance of civil government 
and after the Tuscarawas united with this confederacy it was known as the Six 
Nations. Subsequent to the defeat of the Eries, which occurred near Sandu.-ky 
about L655, the Iroquois claimed by conquest the whole county from the Alleghanies 
to the Mississippi river and from Luke Erie to the Gulf of Mexico, which they held 
in nearly undisputed possession till 1750. The tribe known as Hurons by the Eng- 
lish and called Wyandotts by the French, roamed the region now Canada, Michigan 
and New England, arid later the south shore of Erie, near Sandusky. The Iroquois 
were inclined to be peacable with the weaker tribes and allowed the Miamas, An- 
dastes and other small clans to range in their Ohio hunting grounds. About 1 T4<> 
the Mi una- squatted along the rivers which sti'.l retain their name; the Maui 
were found along the stream which has that title, the Shawnees on the Scioto, the 
OUawas from the Sandusky to the Maumee, the Chippewas In X. E. Ohio, the Min- 
fpper ( >hio, while the Delawares and Tuscarawas inhabited the Mus- 
kingum valley. 

WHITE AGGRESSION.— The French Jesuit Fathers were first to attempt to 
Christianize the Indians, La Roche Daillon having visited the Neutral Nation of 
Canada and preached among the tribes as early as 1626. He crossed the Niagara 
and came west of Buffalo but on account of the hostile Eries from fur- 

ther explorations. Father- Marquette was subseq lently in missionary work but the 
first authentlo record of explorations in this vicinity was by the cavalier, 
La Salle, who in 1661), crossed through a trackless wilderness from the south shore 

■ '- Mai li tta < Jollege in 1885, the aboi , [ n . 
Btitutlon han -ia.iu.Mi. ,i Hi; Htu « i,,,,,, about 812 are alive S« pt. I. 1800. 

'•'"'I description ol ltn work! . duoationa pa 


of Lake Erie down th< enyanddes the entire length of the Ohio. From 

this time there were numerous bloody encounters between the French and [n 
until a treaty of peace was effected in 1715, through the influence of Chaberl Joncare 
a young Frenchman who had been reared by the Indians. In 1752—3, the French 
erected forts at Erie, Waterford, Franklin, and Pittsburg Pa. and claimed by right 

of discovery the entire country west and south of these. 

ENGLISH OCCUPANCY.— At Lancaster, Pa. In 17-14. and by subs 

treaties, thi* English purchased an indefinite tract of country from th< [r< 
Virginia claimed all that was subsequently made the Northwest Territory and pro- 
claimed the same as the oounty of Botetort but failed to establish a civil government 
therein. The Colonial OhioCompany was formed by twelve Virginians, among whom 
were Lawrence and Augustine Washington, brothers of the coming George. This 
company secured a grant of half u million acres, now Allegheny county. Pa. and 
made plans for active developments where 1'itNburg now stands. In 1753, George 
Washington, but little past his majority, received a commission from Gov. Dinwld- 
die to proceed to the French forts, in what is now N. W. Pa., and wain the com- 
mandants to evacuate the same as b dng in English territory. W 7 ith a trapper guide 
and French interpreter he came to the Indian village Logstown, now known as 
Mingo, near Steubenville, O, where he secured an Indiin guide and the party re- 
turning up the Ohio, followed the Allegheny to Franklin, thence via of French 
Creek to Ft. L I leouf at Waterford where he delivered his message to the command- 
ant but received an unsatisfactory reply. The dispute regarding title to thle 
territory culminated in the French and Indian War of 1753—4, France continuing to 
n sist the claims of the English until the treaty of Paris was consummated in 1703. 
The Ohio region was explored by Col. Boquet in 17434, when the arrangement of the 
Indian tribes was largely a- given in a former paragraph, but in 1790 it had greatly 
cl anged, the Delawarea tl ding In eastern Pa., the Shawnee- on the Little 

Miama and otner removals had been made as they often migrated from p 
place. In 1744 the British Parliament made this region a part of Canada by what 
was known as t] D bill, hut it was only nominally SO as there were no white 

settlers here until seventeen years Later. After the brilliant military exp 
Geu. Geo. R arke, Virginia by act of Oct. 1778, made this region the countj 

of Illinois and appointed John Tod as militiary governor of the same He was 
killed at the Mule of Blue Liek-. : ,, 1782, and Tim de Montburn na 

his successor; but although ( >hlo b as been inty Botetort, Va., a part ol 

Canada, and the county of Illinois there was no practical civil goyernmt nt : 

til Gen Putnam an 1 In- colony landed at Man tta in 1788. 

THE OHIO COMPANY.— Shortly after the close of the Revo itionary war 
Gen. Benj Tupper \ Ohio Valley and was particularly Impressed with the 

'i around the mouth of the Muskingum. On his return to Ruthford, Mass. he 
interested i and Dr. Manasseh Cutler in bis effort to Becure from 

Congress concessions of bounty land.- due to the Revolutionary Boldiers As a resuM 
of their labors a meeting of citizens was cal ed at Boston, March 3d 17-7. when the 
OhioCompany was formed: Gen. Putnam chairman and Winthro 
On Aug. 30th it was agreed thai 5,750 aores al the mouth of the Muskingum "he 
reserved for a city and commons," which was reduoed in Nov. to I es. The 

contract to purchase 1,8 )00 aores at $\ per acre from the U. S. was made i 

1787, signed on the part of the Government by Samuel Osgood and Arthur L> and 








It Is proper that earh In an Industrial edition, the larsresl manufactorv'ol 
tne plae»' should appear. Marietta feel* a Jusi pride in the | -i . .-i .. nt\ of this 

*'"' "' « hipn 2 aH '"'"" I"""""'" "Inc. ii tta lumher yards and hufldin rs 

c-o%-«-r II acres, floor spac IfW./ «q. ft., capacity 10,500 chairs per w^k ein- 

ploj - \>»> to BOO persons. U 

l>\ Dr. Cutler and Wintbrop Sargent for the Ohio company. The price to bo paid ir 
"specie, loan office certificates, or certificates of Liquidated debt of the U. S." Reg< 
ular townships were to be 30 sections, number 16 to be reserved for school purposes 
29 for the support of religion, 8, 11 and 26 to bo for future sale by I ongress. Twc 
townships in the tract to be set apart for founding a university. 

A paper map was mule from the preliminary survey and the town plal I 
sentially as it stands at present, with Washington Btreet 150 feet In width Intersect- 
ing the cen re, a park along the Muskingum, etc. The lots were drawn by chanc< 
a,, nun,- knew which would prove most desirable and a> the Indians were then peao- 
able; bul few realized the hardships and dangers which must be encountered before 
developments of a substantial character could be ma 

During the winter of 1787—8, a colony was organized under On. Putnam and 
43 brave men, the majority of whom had been officers in the patriot army, travelei 
over the mountain-, of Conn, to the head waters of the Youghiogheny in Pa., which 
they reached about the middle of Feb 1788. Here they Bpent six weeks in building 
a tlat-boat which they named the Mayfl >wer. Or. this and ace impanying rafts the? 
their provender and equipage and started without river chart on the hazar- 
dous journey to the mouth of the Muskingum where they landed safely on April 7th 
Within the following season fifteen families and 85 men were added to thfl colony 
On arriving here. Gen. Putnam proclaimed the code of laws which had been formu- 
lated by the Ohio Company to hold until a territorial government -hould succeed 
it. This allowed the acting governor $40 per month and all other officials $1 pet 
day when in actual service. 

"Rule 8. Be it ordained that all members of the Emigrant Association musl 

tain emigrants, visit the sick, clothe tne naked, feed the hungry, attend fun- 
erals, cabin-raisings, log-rollings, buskings, and have their latch-.-trings always 
out. ' 

Ft. llarmar had been previously built, but the colony projected Campu- Mar 
tin- as an additional protection. This was laidouton Washington and Second street! 
a parallelogram, I s " ft- Bides, with a strong block house at each corner. The S. W, 

was occupied by Gov. St. Clair and Winthrop Sargent, Sec. of State; the N, 
W. for court and public worship, the S. E for private families, and the X. E. for the 
■ f the Ohio Company. The inside furnished a promenade 144 ft. square 
with a well 80 ft. deep in the centre. The bastions and palisades ^>-r>> not finished 
until Indian hostilities were threatened in 1791, and then a single cannon wat 
mounted in the S. W. and N. E. block-houses, and a clearing made the distance of a 
rifle - 

FT. HARnAR.— Joel Buell Is said to have been the first settler in the vicinitj 
having squatted on the west side in i~ s ">. in the autumn of that year the govern- 
ment Bent Maj. Dougherty here with a company of troop- and Ft. Harmar w 
out in pentagon shape, covering J of an acre, with gardens in the rear. Thi* was not 
completed till the spring of lTso, and was the flret in < >hlo, exoeptlng Ft. Lauren- ir 
which was started seven year- prior. In 1790 these troops worr or- 
ncinnati, but when hostilltie- commenced, Capt. Heart was sent to Ft. 
llarmar with a company, which was divided to Belpre, Waterford and Campii: 
Martin- The soldiers re i IS per month which was largely spent for Strong 

drink when that could be obtained. 

n ARIETTA —The east side village • tiled Mu-kingum, then Adelph! 

but on July 2nd, L788, it was officially named Marietta, in honor of Marie Anlonette, 













The above field, three milea below Marietta, Is a fair lllu strati I -.<■■ 

of Buch sections i ind through ml the country for ;i radius of K) m 

city, the production centering here now reaching a million barrels 
Fuii particulars under "Petroleum [nten ste 


the French Queen, who had assisted the pa' riots in their struggle for independence. 
A titting celebration of the twelfth anniversary of Independence was hold two days 
later. Jas. M. V.iraum. oae of the territori J, delivered the oration. Ju I 

Gilbert Devol and son hud Bpeared In the Muskingum, a day or two previous, a pike 
six feet Long and weighing 100 lbs This was baked, venison and baar-meat bar 
cued and the pioneers had a ga.\ old time. In the first clearing here, a Bycami 
tree which measured 41 feet in circumference, two feet above ground, was removed 
and it blaok wa nut was found that was 22 ft. In circumference. 

TERRITORIAL GOVERNMENT.— The celebrated congressional enactment 
which passed in 17^7 "< Ordinance for the Great Northwest Territory," upon the ba 
of freedom and democracy, was the nucleus upon which has arisen a majestic empire 
of states— Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, and Wisconsin— In which Marietta has 
the honor of having been the location for th* first organized civil society designed to 
permanently redeem thin then unbroken .\ ■ Id iroess from He- wilds ol nature and 
the aborigines. 

Arthur St. Clair, who was president of Congress in 1787, was appointed as 
Governor of the Northwest and arrived here July 9th, 1788. On the 15th he was 
Inaugurated with great eclat and read the ordinance bofore referred to, which is 
generally eunceucd to have been written by Thomas JelYerson, who was chairman of 
the committee on that work. 

WASHINGTON COUNTY. -July 26th, 1788, Gov. St. Clair by proclamation, 
created this county, which practically covered what is now the eastern half of the 
state. On Sept. 2 the Court of General Sessions was opened in Campus Martius and 
the county of Washington was duly recognized as the seat of law for the Great 
Northwest. Paul Fearing was admitted to practioe law and was appointed District 
Attorney. Wm. Stacy was made foreman of the Grand Jury. Campus Martius 
d for several years not only as a site for court and jail, but for educational and 
religious meetings and for a time as a fort of refuge from hostile Indians. Prom the 
continuous aggression? of the Whites, the savages grew strong in race sympathy 
and from the 111 advise*d acts of St. Clair and others, settlement had but fairly com- 
menced here when the red-skins «ero ready to combine and crush out the pale face 
A treaty made with the Indians had but little etTect to avert hostilities and it wa- 
only after their merited chastisement by Gen. Anthony Wayne, Aug. 4, 1794, and 
the subsequent treaty effected at Greenville, Aug. 3, 1795 that their formidable pow- 
er was broken and developments at this place could go forward with some assur 
of safety. A subsequent revolt of a serious nature occurred among the Indian^, of 
Indiana, as late as 1811, which was effe itually quelled by Gen. Win. EL Harrison. 

Tho second county organized was Hamilton, Jan. 2, 1790, while Adams and 
Jefferson were founded In July following. In Deo. 1790, Washington was divided in- 
to town-hips, which in 1800 comprised Marietta, assessed to pay 9342; Bel pre, I 
Salem. 894; Adams, 817'.'; Newport (95. These were Largely within the pr. 
county limits, while Gallipolls assessed 8799; Newtown. 894; and Middletown BS 
are now In other counties. The population of Washington county In 1800 was 5,427; 
1820, 10,425; 1840,20,894; 1860,30,268; L880, 43,244 and that of 1900 will be given in 
our summary, from the census returns. 

We caa scarcely consider even a brief history of this county complete without 
reference to Blennerhassett Island, twelve miles below Marietta. Harman Blen- 
nerhassett, an Irish lawyer, in 179<> at about 30 years of age came into possession of 



. • Dl] 

rhe old court ' lw " down, si pved i. .r-77 years, and will be 

r,bpd w,tn the neM "' Th*» Ohio Com pan j offlceshown 

" ,i Bhou < 1T '"' ItlHl , served bj the Historical Society- 

"hown abov. .1 the RnesI boats oo the river and was re- 

y '""I' i" Mai etta i • i coniina throutrh the lock. 

$100,000 through the death of his father, married Margaret Agnew, daughter of the 
governor of the Isle of Man and immigrated to New York in the fall of L797, remain- 
ing there till winter when they came on to Marietta, In March 1798 Mr. I! pur- 
chased from Elijah Backus, the upper portloa of the island comprising impr 
ments and 174 acres of land, for 84,500. Within the next two years he erected a 
beautiful mansion which was made a great social centre. In April 1805, ex-Vice 
President Aaron Burr visited this luxurious home and induced Its owner to engage 
in his treasonable scheme of establishing a great western empire. In Sept. lsot> he 
•contracted to build transports for 500 men, but the government bein^ apprised of 
the matter arrested Burr and Blennerhassett for treason. 

Early Courts —The territorial Judges, appointed Oct. Hi. 17^7, were James 
M. Varnum, S. II. Parsons and John Armstrong, who with Gov. St. Clair were 
supreme power of the Northwest. A militia law was proclaimed July 25, 1788, 
compelling all able bodied men between the ages of sixteen and sixty to drill and 
serve as soldiers when called upon. A court of general sessions was opened Sept. J, 
17S8, at the residence of Col. Eben Battelle in Campus Martius, Gen. Hufus Putnam. 
( .. n. Benj Tupper and Col. A. Crary officiating as judges. As the people were not 
disposed to litigation, only routine business was transacted at this time but the 
book of records as then written by the clerk is still in a good state of preservation, 
and is an interesting and valuable legal document. Tn Dec. 1788, Wm. and Seth 
Comstock were tried for stealing. The court very leniently gave them till next day 
to settle with the prosecutor, who after receiving 820 was -at islied and the defend- 
ants were fined $2 each and costs to satisfy justice. Judge Varnum died in Jan. 1789 
and Judge Parsons the following November. John C. Symmes appointed to fill the 
place of the former continued on the bench till Ohio was made a state, and Gn 
Turner officiated, for ten years after the death of Judge Pardons. Joseph tiilman 
was appointed in 1796 and R. J. Meigs in 1798 serving with Judge Symmes until the 
territorial government was superseded by Ohio as a state. 

Later Courts.— Under the state constitution, adopted in 1851, a system of su- 
preme, district, common pleas and probate courts was devised. In 18*.'! the district 
oourt was abolished and the circuit court has since been the intermediate -eat of 
law, for errors and app< als. betwi . n the common pleas and supremi 
Fourth circuit comprises fifteen counties of south-eastern Ohio, having a bench of 
three judges who hold M'ini annual sessions each year in each com 

Hun. I J i tin m I. Sibley, on the circuit bench since Feb. 1897, bad for fourl 
l prior been common pleae dge in this field. Be located in Marietta in - 

and ha- spent mosl of his time here sii Thomas Cherrington of Ironton 

Daniel A. Russell of Pomeroy are associates with Judge Sibley on the circuit b< 

Common Pleas.— Continuing the record from Will ian • ry, J P. B 

bury was d by Rudolph I Si r of Athens who died in office and Joseph 

M, Wood was i to till the vacancy am - -'ill on the bench. For the other 

judgeship, S. S. Knowles was su 3 v. and wl was 

promoted to the circuil bench he was followed by D. Warren Jones of Galli| 
Bon, Henry W. Coul trap of Me Arthur, O. comes to the bench under a la 
li8hiog an additional judge for the third subdivision of the Seventh judicial dial 
He is a native of Vinton Co. where he grew to manhood. He graduated from the 
Ohio University in 1871, and has been in the p 

Coultrap was -■ nl responsible position in 1894, practically wil 


IM IkMtAKN ASN 11 ;\. 


1^1 I I u\\ n\ i I,- I Ml I) VI. 

IMIk' 'I \k\ It \U'N>. 

opposition and last fall re-elected for another term. Thr< - of court are 

held here each year continuing until all necessary b isiness is disposed <>f. 

Probate Judge.— This office was first held by government appointment and to 
-how the chirography we reproduce the following fac simile of the first page of re- 
cords now preserved in the probate court room: 

^yUc^i^eZra, y/yJI/u ^nS^t, /7#g 

<rf /£/{,*&* J&Zii &***£**«* rf/tC cy&W &/'", yy**~S+., 9 S&7T 

//,' {u//. <?; ffic* ty*» *&>'&> 

.< ■, 

Later this branch of court was merged with the common pleas until it was ag 
made distinct, under the constitution of 1851, and Thos. Ewart was the first eh ■ 
pin., C. T. Frazyer was io office when Williams history was being/com- 

piled; P. •!. Cutter was elected in 188 1: Win. 11. beeper '87; i >. R. Rood '"'■',: andChas. 
H. Nixon was elected for three years in '99. Judge Nixon i- a nativeJMariettian 
cated in her college ami was a deputy in the office when elected to the Probate 
p. Archie A. Schramm a teacher from a pioneer German family was ap- 
pointed a- deputy in the office the present 

COURT HOUSES.— The tirst court was held at the residence oj Ebei B 
ami subsequently in the X. W. blockhousi me befon -■• of the ■ 

th century a courthouse was erected at a'ci 81,000. A movi 

that eff< cl i- mention* d in the records of 17'.' J. but we cannot find that the appn 

was made till 1798. and th.- building was i n cted the next yea,-. The upper 
Btory was used for courts ami the lower for jailer'- . with a Btron 

shed. The old part of the court- housfl shown in the engravii . 
down Aug. 1900 to give p'ace to a new one. it was finished in I8i 

8. The north addition was erected In 1854 and thi put ud in 

1876. A. petition signed by 19 citizens asked that - t(n . 

■e of the lot the commise 'anted the petition which is Btill pi 

with the on. builtin i- •- 


give place to the new on.- in third Btory ol the coming courthouse. The court-house 
east in 1802 by Brazllla Davidson of Norwich, Conn. isr>till sound and will be 
bung in the new court-house. 

- ik «>i rii lals. — Washington oounty was the residence of Arthur St. Clair 
Governor of the Northwest Territory, who remained in offioe till 1803; Return J. 
Meigs from Marietta was Governor of Ohio 1810-14, when he was appointed P. M. 
General by Pi " in. John B rough who Learned the printer's trade in I 
e and edited the Republican 1831-3, w >- governor Id 1883 and died bel 

the expiration of his term. 

tricl 1 799-1 * 13; an I 
lug John I r vi ii.-" comes I 9 olth.1 A. \V. Glazier, Tbeo. I'. D 

John H, Rll< leeded by Sam'l B Bright of Hooking 

county. Col. Riley is a native of Jackson Co. W. Va. and came to Marietta in 1882 
d one of M irlel ilrlted citizens and will have 

mention In »ev< ral departments of this pamphlet. 

l ;> - . ii Fearing and R. J. Meigs w< sent 

from ■ 1801, E. tod ffm, R. Putnam, LS Since 1881 

Benry Bohl, '83: John Strecker, Jr., - I & Fred J. Cuti : G. A. 

.'. B " i W B C, Mlddleswart, '99, The la 

• i» In 1871 Marietta Co • from law 

for lb 

Wi a: i ; from this oounty 


3ei times been for two or more ooun 

in n . Washington oounty. 

Prosecuting Attorneys.— Paul Fearing was appointed District Attorney 
at the first term of court.* David Alban '79 died Feb. 15, 82; and J. W. McCormick 
appointed 5 days later; L. W. Ellen wood, -s 2-.~>. J. W. McCormick.' B5-8; .i.e. Preston 
'91-4; J. C. Brennan '1C. Mr. Brennan attended Marietta College and graduated 
from the Cincinnati Law School. Be was elected city solicitor in 1894. 

Clerks —Return J. Meigs was appointed Hrst clerk of court, Sept. 1788 
and the early records are yet very legible. It became an elective office in 1851.* 
Christian H Etz elected L880; .1. M. Mitchell,' 83; W. G Barthalow, '86-9; 1. E. 
McVay, 93-5; < >rlando Trotter, '98. Mr Trotter is a native of the county and wi 
fanner when elected. His son Elmer Jv has assisted in the oilice since his fat 
took charge Aug. '99 and this year was appointed deputy. 

Sheriffs.— Ebenezer Sproatserved ad sheriff Sept. 1788-1802 *D. B. Torpy 
elected 1880; I R. Hose. »84: A. B Lit Me '88; W. P. Dye. '92: J. S. McCallister '96, 
an old resident of Marietta is just closing a second term in office. 

Commissioners —The usual business affairs of the county are in charge of 
three commissioners, one of whom is elected each year to serve for three years. In 
examining the records of a hundred years ago, we find that Oliver Rice. Wm. R. 
Putnam and (iilbert Devol were at the helm in 1798. A tax of .375 for each gloii ap- 
praisement was levied "to defray the expense of building or repairing court-house, 
prisons, work-houses, bridges, etc" This would Indicate that -orae kind of a court- 
house was in existence at that time, but when or how built no present records show. 
Wm. R. Putnam was authorized to notify non-resident land owners of the tax, by 
an advertisement In Philadelphia, New York, Boston, Portsmouth and Hartford 
papers. Foremen of the Grand Jury were allowed 64 cents per day and other jury- 
men 50 cents each. Justices 75 cents per day for court attendance. 

The commissioners elected since * 1880 have been Philip Matter n, '81; B. J. 
Williamson, '82; J. M. Farsoo, '83; J. M. Murdock, " s 4: Mason Gorby, '85-8; Murdock 
died and Thos. Fleming elected for 1 yr. aod again '87; J. W. Thorniley, '86-9; J. A. 
Gage. »90;S. s. McGee,'9l-4; G M. Grubb,'92-5; John Randolph, '93-6; W. L lladley, 
'97; Henry Strecker, '98; D. R. Shaw, '99, of Vincent, in Sept. 1900, took the place 
of John Randolph. 

Auditors.— This office was created in lsjo, Royal Prentiss nerving the first 
five yea-. B B.Stone, elected'81-4; D. II. MerriH'87-'90; W. A. Patterson, '93-6; C. 
C. Chamberlain, '99. The coming Auditor is a Mariettiau and served for several 
years as money order clerk in the P. O. G. E. Bowers, formerly a teacher in Liberty 
tp. has been reappointed as deputy a- his four years service makes him familiar 
with every detail. 

Register* Recorder.— Registers were appointed by tbe Governor up to 
1829 when it was made an elective office, term three years. The first conveyance, 
recorded Sept. 1". 1788, IsfromSam'l 11. Parsons tc Eliphalet Dyer, to a tract under 

jurisdiction of the state of Conn, west of Pa., in north lat 10 12 seconds w< 
miles, south 2J, easl 3 miles, north •.'- mile-, for a consideration of 1974. En Parsons 
was flrsl i Jas. Nixon served 1867-82; J. P. Wai d '81; J. w g 

'87; J \Y. Athey. '93 has juBt closed a second term giving » G. W. Bonnell of 

id view who came to the office well recommended. He has for deputy Miss 
- i ■ M iner. 

Treasurers.— Jonathan stone Berved bs r of Washington county up 

to 1801. receiving 5 per cent for his trouble.* John Hi ed in 1879 wa- 

lowed by Walter Thomas '83; T. J. Conner, '85; (i W.Sta - G. J. Lund '93; H. 

P. Bode '97 [e serving a second term. Mr. B< de Is an old citizen of this county and 
had been engaged in mercantile business, for i g are prior. 

fe 20 1 8 

s||)| \ ||\\ _ County Infirmary 

COl'NTN l\l IK' M \U'N 

CORONERS. — Charles Greeae was territorial coroner and with the 

state constitution became elective. F. E. McKlm was el< J89; O. M. Willi- 95; 

; McClure 99. Dr. John McClure is a native of the place attended Mari 
College, and graduated from the Medical dept. of the Ohio University in 
1896, and is now associated with Drs. Hait a McClure In practice. 

SURV] VORS —Levi Barber Berved as county surveyor 1805-16.* D. F. Dufer 
elect.-, ( '-.,,; ,\. A. Bollister '86; Wm. Eldridge '92; D. P. Dufer '95; Levi Bartletl 
still officiates. Mr. Bartlett's father was an old time surveyor of this region. 

The Counts Infirmary.— J n every community there are these, who. cither 
by accident or by some force of circumstances are unable to care for them-e 
With the advancement of civilization better provisions are being - made for these. 
In Washing! mCo the poor were cared for by the township authorities until 1840. 
The first movement for securing a cohnty poor-house began in 1835, and in '38 the 
present location, then comprising 198 acre-, was purchased. Since then about 50 
aens more has been added. Small b were built from time to time until 

1882-3, when the present larg (re was erected at a cost of about $24,000. In 

1850 the name poor-house was changed to county infirmary by act of Legislal 
The inmates average from '- 111 to 100, although al times, before small children were 
taken to the Home, there were as many as 115. J. M. Bell and wife served a- super- 
intendent and matron for 1883-3, ! 88-'90, and returning to this charge for the third 
time in '99. Joseph Campbell and wife served in 84; William Hill and wife s .V7:Geo. 
I and wife '9l-t>; and J. P. Briggs and wife 97-8. The present directors are Win, 
Schnaufer, Win. < ran>ton and G. W. Smith, under whose supervision the affairs of 
the poor are being well cared for. The excellent satisfaction given by the superin- 
tendent and matron is best attested by the fact that they have recently entered 
upon a third term. 

THE CHILDREN'S HOflE is situated on the east bank of the Muskingum 
river, two miles from the courthouse. This wa- the first home in the state »•- 

d under the Actof March Jo. [866, and wa- opened April 1, '67. The nucleus of 
une had heen started in 1S">7 by Catharine A. Pay, who wa- born at Westfield, 
Ma--. 1 v l'J. married to A. S. I). Ewing Aug. '.', "'i'i and died April 4, '97. Prior to 
57 M iss Fay was a teacher and missionary among the 1 ndlans, and being in sympathy 
with the Deeds of indigent children, she purchased 15 acres of land some ten □ 
from Marie t ta and induced the directors of the county Infirmary to give tleir w i 

• -1 per week each. Her family grew rapidly during the civil 
and through Miss Kay'- influence the Legislature was induced to pass a bill 
which granted the privilege for any county to build and maintain a horn-, When 
the present site wa- purohased, Mrs. Ewing's family, 33 in number, was transferred 
to it and placed Id charge of Mrs. A. <;. Brown who was matron for the first ;■ 
Rev. Ira M. Preston and wife had charge the second year. \h\ Simeon Hart and 
wife from '69 till Mrs. Bart's death In '84, when Miss E A. Nixon became matron, 
while Dr. Hart continued as superintendent until 8. L Grosvenor came In '88, A P 
Bell and wife *92. Mr. Bell died in '93 and his wife contii management until 

r, L. .Ionian and wife took charge in '94 Prof. Jordan came to the work from the 
rintendence of the Bchools and his management has given < 

sfacl ion. 

Prof Samui Maxwell had a large two story brick school house for boys 
this with the l 1111 acre farm was purcha I 
- i page 20 23 

A \ 

A ■ 




WA m 


CJW" •> 



■C" ^J 


* 1 

* « ■ i 

Molsteln Herd. 

Nur.-«.t> <>i Children 

county auspices. Subsequent additions and Improvements have raised the value to 
$30,000 and make a beautiful country home. The three story brick erected about 
1882, is used for school purposes on the second floor and boys dormitories on the first. 
The girls sleeping apartments are on the ground floor of an addition to the old part, 
and a row of one-story frames has baen erected for nursery, bakery, laundry, store 
room, etc all being connected by a porch and the entire premises are made as home- 
like as possible. Homes In good families ar-' found tor the children as fast as practi- 
cable and constant watch is kept over each to insure their proper treatment to the 
end that fchey ma\ grow up to be useful citizens. The managers have <• instantly in 
view the real objects of the Dome and endeavor to make the children feel that th>u 
is indeed a large family and a true home, rather than to realize that they are indig- 
ent or under unusual restraint. Since its organization this home has received and 
cared for over 1300 children, about 1250 of whom have been placed in good homes 
and many of them have grown up to useful citizenship 

The usual public school monoy is supplemented by the trustees and a school 
kept up for ten months In the year. The children are usually in excellent health, 
appear happy and are better cared for in every way than in many homes of the 
land. A herd of about 2o Eolstein cattle is kept for milk and butter and consider- 
able of the farm is used for bay and grazing purposes, while the resl is properly 
tilled to raise supplies for this large family- The Solsteios and home buildings are 
shown iu our illustrations and speak for themselves. A system of water works is 
operated by a windmill, proper plumbing and sewerage is found throughout the 
buildings and the system of sanitation prevailing makes it a very healthy place. 
Few deaths have occurred in the family and none for three years past, 

This home is an honor to the state and one in which the people of Washington 
county take pride. The following" well known business men constitute the b >ard of 

trustees: S J. Hathaway, W. A. SnitTen. L. W. Ellenwood, and W. 1'. K i tson. 

who with the superintendent and matron J. L. Jordan and wife deserve to be com- 
plimented upon the excellency of the Washington County Home. 

Harietta Incorporated Jan. ist, 1801. 

At a town meeting held Sept. 1st, 1800, Gen Putnam, Paul Fearing, Benj. I. 
t rilman, and Wm. Rufus Putnam, were appointed a committee to apply for incorpor- 
ation. The A«t creating the Town of Marietta was, passed Nov. 3 1. approved b. 
governor Dec -nd, to take effect Jan 1st 1801. The first officials were Rufus Put- 
nam, Chm.: David Putnam, <lk : Ich&bod Nye, Treas.; Rufus Putnam, G 

ne, and Joseph Gilman, councilmen. it will be unnecessary for us to continue 
the succession of officials as the list can be found complete in the city ordinance 
book. The above plan of town government continued until 1825, when another 
charter was obtained which changed to election of a mayor and reduced the area to 

t the present »i llarmarwas made the second ward and Marietta 

was Bret and third wards, each being entitled to three councilmen. The nine coun- 
cilmen were elected by the voters and they in turn elected om their 
number. < )n account of local disaffection the west Bide secured a separate 

ezistei in l v ".T, but was reunited to Marie!' - 10. Marietta chartered as a 

city of the second ■ 29, 1853, and charter amendments with protective or- 

dinances have been passed from time to time, which were all and publish* d 

in 1893. The p. i] i ulatlon of Marietta in 1 B80 was 5,444, and of Rarmar 1,571, making 


a total of 7.015 wbicb in 1890 ha to 10,050 and the census of 1900 will 

(five 16,000 or more making a v< table iiu'i-ra-c for tin- pa-t ilcciulc. 

Mayors.— In completing the record of Mayi the publication of the 

ordinances we find tl lection of Je we t1 Palmer in l v ''i. Edward Melsenhi 

has. Richardson '98 and W. Apr. 2 1900. BisHonorW. i: Sykes was 

born in i larington, O., June o, 1*71. g I In civil engineering '91, taaght 

mathematics in tioio < ollegi 1 years graduating from tbe classic dept of Marietta 

1890 and In law from tbi niverslty in 1898. 

Cm Coi Mi n.Mi -. Che legislative affairs of the olty ;ir.. in charg 

twelve councilman of wbom one Id elected each year, from each of the six wards, to 

for two years T ms since the city ordinanoe book was compiled in 

ollows: D.W.Dai s McClure, 94-6; Jacob Reofa 

Leander Chapln, 1 '•' ter, Philip Peters, Prank Weber 94. Philip Bach' 

man 95*7: J, P. Bfarsoh - iway, Edward Meisenhelder, Chas I 

Dan'. BU • ' irrison, 96-8; B P. Wool. 96-8; J. C. Hardy. Wm. Benry, 

J.N. I'll' u •' M II. Baddox, J. W. Trautman, 

Douglas Pfaff9"J Benry Blume, O. A Lambert, Wm. Loffland 98. B. F. Gossett, 

W. D. Strain, ■ ok, II. N. Curtis 99 s. h. 

\ J. L. Toll L Kerns, I. J Cutter 1900 These public 

. in looking after tbe oity afl 
st take the kiolts and cuffs as wi as 
the p Dr. Curtis the president, Is a native Marie t- 

Bospital in 81 

ier Officiai M ty cl< rk from 1891 

until he ■ i en as h's Buccessor and still 


iols and was a musician before a< be clerkship. The county Treasurer 

Is ex-officio City treasurer. K. Prank Gates continued as Cm engin i 
until Win. 1'. Mason was elected in 96, giving piace to Gates Ln 98 and beiog re- 
elected in 1900. Mr. Mason is a native of Stafford, O. He graduated in civil engin- 
eering from Bethany College in 1*7.".. and bas largely engaged in R. R construction 
work for twenty years past He reports the city's separate sewerage -;, -t.-m which 
was largely built In 1896, as being quite complete. The surface system of the grs 

•- takes aw ay considerable of the storm pressure. The Goose Run storm - 
Bewer Is nine feet Ln diameter. This is nearly complete from Third at. to the M is- 
kingumjust below Lock No. I. 

Electrical engineer and City marshal are noted under their depart- 
ments, ( ity COM M ISSN inkk C. J. Best has continued to look after tie 

Win. Harris was chosen WHARF MASTki; lvu. <;. W. Deedrick '95, F. H. 
Harding 1900. 

Electric Lighting.— When it was decided to join in the procession for up-to- 
date illumination Mariel dais concluded that it would b i cheaper in the end 
for the city to acquire its own plant, and .inly 10th 1889, the line was opened with 
57, 2,000 c. p. arc lights which up to the present year had been increased to 112, 
normal capacity of the dynamos. The old plant consisted of 100 h. p, 
Buck snglne and a 100 h. p. boiler which with the addition of a ("arc light 
dynamo, purchased In 1^.»2, brought the cost of the works up to about *1*<,000. In 
Feb, 1895 a 300 light Incandescent dynamo with 4<i h. p. boiler was put in to light 
the city hall at a cosl of $2,800. Theee willbe left where they now stand, in the 
rear part of the city hall, while the large engine and boilers go to the new p< 
house at Butler and Front Btreets. This excellent two-story building, a cut of which 
appear.- elsewhere, is 10x78 ft . furnishing room for two new boiler.- of 215 h. p. each, 
which were manufactured at the Marietta Holler Work-. A new Cross-Compound 
engine of 250 h. p. will drive the 270 arc light dynamo. A proposition has 
I) ten made by citizens to furnish twelve incandescent arches, provided the city will 
put the old engine in place to furnish power and 1,000 alternating current dynamo 
for the same, and this if met will make an excellent advertisement to the city 
"whos ' cannot be hid." That this department has run economically i- >hown 
by a summary of five year.- which gives the average net cost of lights at -..I 30 per 
year. Thos. Hancock Electrical engineer bas resided in Marietta for ■"• || y< are 
andhasthi superlntendency of t he city hall and electriclin neer 
of machinery is assisted by Albert Rogers; Geo. Gephart trimmer, and Robt. Di 
Lineman, complete the f< 

City Water Works. — Marietta was practically without a wal prior 

to the fall of 1891, and the fire department had to depend upon cisterns when oul 
the reach of the river. On Sept, 1, of that year a com;. ipened up 

and now conn ■' mains distributed systematically throughout 

the city The pumping -tat ion Is c mvenlently located on the banks of tb 
the ■• above all c I ige the water b iln| 

I'M n. in tin to the mammoth tank-, having a capacity of 750,000 gallons each. T 
tanks which gives hydraulic pressure from alti- 

tude and a dent for on at demand. From year to yea idvent 

the board bas ioa y Improvements and In '94 changed <'•<>'■ 

doub avit\ plan Under the latter thi Bettllng tank? a 

CITY HALL. - Built 1N72. 


full but the wat<T has hardly time for areation and the deposit of -ediment before 
going to consumers. The pressure Is uniform at 75 to 100 lbs. to the square inch. 
The west side is included in the service. W. B. Webster has officiated as engineer 
for five years past and is assisted by Win. Evelsi/.er, Jr. and Hay S. Guthrie, The 
water commissioners are J. H. McConnell, president, John Mills, John Kaiser: IS. 1 [, 
Tomer, superintendent. C. H. Jordan, a native of this county serves as cleric of the 

Fire Dept.— The Are department shows a history of progress from the bucket 
brigade of 50 years ago, succeeded by the old hand engine some 15 years since. Fol- 
Lowing it the Defiance hand engine which was sold last year, was purchased. Before 
the city water plant was put in two modern tire engines were purchased which are 
ornamental and at all times kept ready for an emergency, but with a constant p 
sure of 90 lbs. in the mains, the hose carts serve for any usual conflagration and are 
handled much easier than the engines. Up to Dec. 1st ,( .>4 a volunteer force manned 
the department, then a paid crew was put in and its record of e lluleiuy has been 
sunh a? to prove the wisdom of that move. Six men are constantly on duty in 
t i me and eight at night while the chief and hi:- assistant expect to be present at all 
fires, the chief also caring for the business of the department. Besides the hand- 
some quarters found in the city hall, three hose houses are maintained. Hose wagon 
No. l is kept at the City Hall and No. - on the west side. Some 1,000 ft. of hose are 
available. No. 1 has a large extension ladder and two scaling ladders are carried 
by No. 2; each have Babcock extinguishers, trained horses, the Game well tire alarm 
- 3tem and other modern devices. Earl C. Davis is Chief; Geo. Bell, Asst.; Driver 
No l. Jos. O'Neal, -nd Pipeman Fred Miraben. Driver No - Asbury Dye; 
and 2nd Pipeman Win. Callahan. Practice drills are held three times 
a day and the horses maneuver with the precision ol veterans. Henry ( 
was chosen chief in 1893; A.I). Alderman '94; Dan'l Biszantz ''•<' and Earl Davis April 
Mr. Davis is a native Mariettian and has been with the department since '94. 
Polke Dept. — As Marietta is a very orderly place for one of its pro- 

a large police force is not necessary. The force is in c 
the mayor and the marshal acts a> chief, (lie present incumbent having been contin- 

- v in the office since 1878 with the exception of 1896-7 which was filled by Ja 
Parlin. Marshal Jacob II. Dye is a native of Marietta, was educated in her public 

iols, with others Is engaged in real estate transactions, and is interested in the 
city's continued welfare. Bis long service has given him a great experience in his 
line. The patrolmen are James A. Roney, Chas. A.Ray, RolloG Putnam, Geo F. 
dun. Chas. M. ('oilman. Paul Goerlitz, Prank Kerns and A mo- Wright The city 
hall police ai >ayis, Fred Moser and Wm. M. Meister. Headquarters 

now being fitted up in the new Electric Power house, corner Butler and Front 

Health Dept -Marietta believes in g I sanitary regulations and - 

ha- had a fully organizi board which meets every two weeks, the pr< 

board Is W. E. Syb Dr. John McClure health officer, Dr. A. 1. Dorr, R. A. 

Underwood, Philip Spies, W. A. Hall, John A. Mc< a , Herman Fischer John ( 
sanitary policeman, Dr. J. L. Mason clerk of the hoard. 

City Hall.— The city building Is supposed to bave cosl over 8100,000 bul as the 
:e were burned no audit was ever bad and it would m to-day for 

more Mian half that amount. In 1894 it was remod< i I making 

mmodious and con house, which seats an a i 

brinj I he municipality. 

PI I \ \ >\ PLACE. 


Marietta City.— The present Marietta is 
replete with historical interest as aoted 
where and its picturesque surroundings are 
hard I It is exceedingly r;tr<: to find a 
city of this size with as many moder 
block* and beautiful not to say Bumptuous resi- 
dences. Our compiler is notedly sparing o 
use of superlatives, but when our well pa 
streets, unique terraced and abounding grassy 
lawn- are considered with the beautiful and 
costly Btyles of residence architecture present* d 
In might truthfully say that Marietta is unex- 
celled for magnificent homes and pictun 
surrounding-. It is especially fortunate in it* 
location on the < >hio at the mouth of the Musk- 
ingum, but ;i- with every other place, baa - 

unpleasant feature ana the only one of impor- 
tance that is known of here is the overflow of 
Front and parts of Second streets at high tide. 
The ground rises notably on other streets and at 
a little distance from the river is above high 
watermark. Our business men have learned to 
take the matter philosophically however and 
when a rare inundation doesoccur, move up a 
story or two until the waters abate. A large 
* share of the residence section is entirely above 
SOLDIER'S MONl'MENT. tl e high water mark and there is no difficulty in 
securing homes clear from the water. 

It is estimated that more than one-third of the men of Marietta arc in some way 
connected with the oil interestsjand to a greater or less degree dependent upon it 
for the support of themselves and families. An army of perhaps 20,000 men 
connected with the various petroleum industries in this field and while it yet ap- 
- to be upon a substantial basis it is but prudent 1 1 at a great variety of other 
manufactories be encouraged to locate here so that Marietta may (not be dependent 
on any one condition but able to continue *b adily forv. aid in t be I V en1 Ol B 
in an unexpected channel. Under - manufacturing, transportation 

:ational and other interests, this pamphlet will not only show that this is an 
admirable city for pleasant homes and good schools but has . and 

industrial facilities, which needs only to be made known to the world in order to 
make a metropolitan city at the mouth of the Muskingum, in the near future. 

Harielta Sanitarium. — With the constant Influx of transit nts ai d the Bt( adily 
growing population of this city Dr. O. A. Lambert believed that the facilities for 
turkish baths and other sanitary matter- Bhould be improved and last year he pre- 
vailed upon Dr. V. M . George, who I ;i- conduoti d m private hospita in .'an. Bville 
for ten y< ars past to remove to Marietta. Dr. I attended the M ama Medical 

College in 1882-3 and later perfected his studies in the Swedish movement. In 
1896 he graduated from the Chicago Universit] aid is a scientific masseur. B< 


isslst - v • a - ~.ui Talmage. The sanitarium, on 2d floor of the block 

corner Front and Bui • -'- Bhown among our engravings, la fitted with 

trical and b« >t air appliances, a fall system of Turkish and Russian hatha, and 

all necessary massage treatment i- to he bad here in its best form. Fromotx- to 

two score of oe iple visit this b< - »rt daily and the orylng need now is for 

additional room, which the proprietors of the sanitarium Drs. Lambert & George 

brying to on tain. Patlenti gel u i and cheap accommodations atthe S< 

; or >t. Jamee I i movement i- about to be Inaugurated to 

build a im with all modern conveniences and appliances for the 

i\ ment of chronic diet as< - 
(irace Hospital.— For manj years I i sk of some place bo which tne Injured 
and sick could !)•• removed and lso ated wag ba lly felt in Marietta. With this pur- 
pose in view, Dr. O. M.Willis purchased .» large brick structure on upper Third 
street had it remodeled and fitted with all modern conveniences, and on June 6tb 
i hoepita ■ of it was pla ■•■ i at the disposal of all physicians 

ami- a Marietta for their patients [n the first year about 130 pat 

l for, the lea Ling physicians encouraging the enterprise. A.t pr< 
four reg employed ;tnd twelve beds are at all timed ready for us< 

<iW VCE M()>l'l I \l 

i tie nn oman - rfome > a nity 

Mrs Wm orporated 'ill July 1880. 

g fund- and in 1883 four 
Home, il 




with was built upon tin- fourth. It wi pecial donation and 

.■.a- opened Nov. 85. Fortunately but few have Deeded to take advantage of its com* 
Applicants f«>r admission pay M50 which guaranty • - Efood care in the decline 
of life. At present it baa but five members. The i • Mrs. R. B Cook acting 

Pres.; Mr- E. E Phillips, Treas.; Mrs.C. H.Turner. Cor. Sec; Mrs. J. P. Lang. Per. 
Mrs. L. K. Nugent, Matron. 

[Educational Matters. 

Private Bchools were held in Campus Martin- -ii.iii after tin- Bret families came 
to this place'. Rev. Daniel Story having been mentioned as a teacher, Oct. 
L790 and before ten years, a committee appointed to encourage advanced educa- 
tion facilities, recommended that 11.000 be appropriated to found Muskingum Acad- 
emy a ■ ii lot No. 605, whore the Elks building now stands. The assessment 
from ministerial land- and other sources, enabled tic erection of a building before 
the beginning of the present century anil which in addition to school purposee was 
;i- a chapel until tie- ( i uc_- regational church was completed and as an academy 
util title- ate ln-titutc was Btarted." The building was removed to 5< 

flarietta College. — No ac- 
count of Marietta would be com- 
plete which did not give oonsid- 
• ■rable .-pace to Marietta College. 
For more than sixty-five years it 
has been an important part of 
Marietta, adding very largely to 
its material resource:-, and -timu- 
latiny its social, intellectual and 
religious li/e. It was chartered 
by the Btate in February, 1835, 
and at the opening of the fall 
term there were five member- in 
I the faculty. The firsl class was 
graduated in 1*3S, and since that 
late a class has been graduated 
ach year, the whole number of 
graduates being now over eight 
bundred. Prom the first, Mari- 
na College has maintain' 
high standard of scholarship, of- 
ten losing students who could find 

in THE COLLEOE CAMPUS. easier entrance elsewhere. Its 

.at.- bave received distinguished recognition in eastern Institutions where 
they have gone for graduate work or professional Btudy. In business, Id the profes- 
sions, in politics and war the college lifts been and is now ably represented.' In 1891 
ladies were admitted to all department.- on complete equality with the men. At 
the ope n in;r on s. pt. 1 1 1 h, a new departure was made by establishing a military de- 
partment Captain J. L. Barbour, a graduate of Weal Point, bs of this 
ire which promises to be very popular with the students. Phe other depart- 
ments, preparatory, collegiate, art, music, will be continued as heretofore. Any 
young man or woman desiring a liberal education undermost favorable conditions 
should enter Marietta < k)llege. 1 ts professors and Instructors are specialists and un- 
derstand the art of teaching and Burring enthusiasm la the Btudents. At thi 
commencement the Board of Trustees elected Professor Alfred T. Perry, of Bart- 
ford, Conn., as the Blxth presidenl of the College. Presldenl l 'erry Is a young man 
iti olose sympathy with young people, distinguished for his pipe scholarship, hi> ex- 
re work, and his enthusiam bs an Instructor. If Is two short visits 
[arietta won him hosts of friends. Be is without question "the right man in 
the rlghl pla ■ wise administration Marietta Colleg superior 
es to those wishing • education, and will become a still more vital 
ot in the life of the city. 


oil in m 

j V"' prqi 


a I i rrrr 

I3ii > r 



The Public Schools.— In seeking for a new home every person should enquire 
about the educational Facilities, which in Marietta will stand a critical examination. 
Our Board of E lucatlon Is Dot dominated by political schemes but is seeking to pro- 
mote the public welfare and has ever bad among it- members boi >f our best citi- 

The enumeral ion for June 1900 Bhowed 3.895 children of school age an incr< 
of 359 over 189 I. The public schools Bhowed an enrollment the pasl year of 2,51 1 to 
which the parochial Bohools add aboul 200. Fifty-four regular teachers, six of whom 
are principals of the various schools, a special teacher for music, one for penman- 
•■hip an i n her for German and two training teachers make up the educational corps, 
all under Superintendent Henry G. William-, who has had nineteen \ ears in educa- 
tional work. Be came to Marietta in 1898, from B< laire, O., where he was in 
charge of the city schools Be has given the Board satisfaction and has been re- 
elected for the next three years. The principals of the schools are as follows 
Bigh School, E. D. Meek; Willard, J. A. Stone: Washington, Geo. M. Plumer; 
Putnam, F. P. Wheeler: Marion, Amelia Weber; Fort, John M. Starling. 

The board of education are R. L Curtis, Pres.; Chas. Meisenheidi 
Geo. B. Eyssen, Treas ; W. S. Dye, C. R Richardson, and Dr. O. M. Willis 
m< d of high standing in Marietta. Description of Bigh Scl 

• buildings on - 

narfetf a Commercial College.— The Ohio Valley Busii started by 

M. L. Moore aboul 1893, was purchased by R. L, Rudy, three years ago. Be chang- 
ed the nai imercial College :*.;u\ from the stari bas had it on a 
ver\ - [t occupies the entire 3rd floor of the Colonial Blk. and has 
had an average of about forty students throughout the past year, Benn J. !•'• 
son, a native of Mercer, Co. W. Va. , purchased the institution 
will continue tl prise with up to date methods. Be is a gr; 

sge of the University of Lexington, Ky . and the Phonographic instil I 
Cinnati Until recently he had ■• ting in the Mountain Stat< B - 

of Parki - : has bad 13 yra. of b . • :■■ rieooe. As now 

SCbOOl, littin-: it- gradu- 
ons required in bue i • -- fe. Sere, a business educa- 
tion Is readily acquired b,v those competent to fill the various counting rooms, com- 
prisli g( I j . typewriting and the usual requirements of a 

pracl leal I isinesa < I icai i i E. P. Miller will continue a — ci etary and teacher of 
penmanship zg system of stenography is now tnnpht. 


m Mary's Parochial. Dnderthe pastorate of K. P. O' Neil, about 1856, the 

nucleue to a | ■ •' fund was BtarU d by i ach member paying 26 ote. per 

month an Dtained for some years, on the firsl Boor of the old Btore 

room chapel. A brother of Gen. Phil. Sheridan Berved as teachi r for BeveraJ years 

month- In 1858, the baaemenl of the church was fitted for pupils and the 

mud in 1862 Father Woesman In 1895, com- 
menced an ea re-establish the parochial school and Sept. 6, L896, Rt. 
bop John A. Watterson d the commodious parochial Bohool build- 
ings, cut of which is shown herewith. On th a Buell Poet and Knights of 
e present) The educational matters are in charge of 1 1 . ■ 3i 
Dominic Stater* rioress, Frances Lilly, was three years Deed- 
ed by Slater M. Austin who with four assistants hae furthering the Chris- 
atlon of more than 200 pupils. The school buildings were enlarged In '98 
which glres rooms for dorm 1 tor i< rooms and brings the coat up to n< 

The Press —a well conducted newspaper i- a powerful educator and the 
properly comes in this department. The Ohio Gazetti Territorial a.nd Vir- 
ginia Herald, (this all meant one small weekly was first issued here in 1801. hy 
Willis Silliman and Elijah Backus. The old stuoe bed, to this tir-t press in Mari- 
etta through the pureha-e nf unices hail succeeded to tin' Register and was destroyed 
bv 'In 1 fire of 1 Vv - Numerous changes had taken place in proprietors and principles 
unl publication had been suspended for Beveral months al a time prior to the advent 
if the Gazette of 1856 which merged with tin- Intelligencer. That office was pur- 
chased by tt. M. Stlmson, June 1862, the Home News soon afterward, ami the name 
changed to 

The Marietta Register.— Ten years later the REGISTER was purchased by E. 

R. Alderman and J. W. Dumble, the latter selling his .-hare to Mr. Alderman in 
1875. In ' s .'!. ' s "'. his sons E s. and a. l>. became partnersin the concern and in '!i7 
it was incorporate,) a- The Marietta Register Co., capital 30,000. The paper was 
made semi-weekly in '83, tri-weekly '89, and a daily has been issued since '94. The 
t was burned in '88 and rebuilt by the firm a- it, now Btands. This is a double- 
front three story brick as shown in Illustration, one side occupied by the Marietta 
Book Store, the other by Oil Well Supply. The second story i- broker Kiehardson's 
iffice and telephone Cos., the third Raynald Lodge K of P. En reai of the book 
-tore is a thref -tory brick 20x80 which is occupied by the fully equipped job print- 









Ing, bindery and n< of the Register. I). R.Gerken a native Mariettian, who 

has been for 20 years with the Register Is manager of the job office while J. W. 
Lansley officiates as city editor. 


The Times. — The first paper printed in Marietta was democratic and the Pilot, 
started In 1826, continued four years as the organ for that party. It was succeeded 
t>y the Republican in '31 and had had numerous- changes of names and proprii 
before the Times was started In '64 by W. C. Hood s. M. McMillen bought the 
plant in 71 continuing until he Bold to B. J. McKlnney, in '90, who in '' ,s Btarl 
daily but still continues the Weekly Times. Frank McKinney, aeon of the proprie- 
tor, i- city editor and the paper Is democratic. The Times has a good job office and 
in it- yarioue departments employs about \~> hands. 

The Leader, was □ 1881 as a republican paper by F. A. Crippen and 

W. s Knox, who a year Later sold to T. F Davis. I' was incorporated as "The 
Leader Publishing Co." in '90 and published semi-weekly till '94, tri-weekly for a 

and has been issued as a morning daily with weekly edition Bince then. Geo. 

M < lonke who has ' n the principal iiw n. r. editor and successful business manager 

<>f the Leader Co., in duly Bold out to II. v. Speelman, J. W. Crook-. T. J Mercer, 
• i Mid dies wart, John Kaiser and others. Mr. Speelman, the new editor, aa 
tubus newspaper man of long training and the now company have added Buffioi- 
the paper on an up-to-date progressive plane and make lh< 
blng facilities meetal) reasonable competition. 

Marietta Zeitung.— The Bre1 journal published in the German languagi 
. Win Lorey, Deb Marietta Demokrat. [t wa 
. other < rerman papers which booh ceased publication. The 
Ocl ■ Winchester, who in March '69 sold out to Jacob 

.• proprietor. As this is the only German publication within a 

radius of 75 miles, it has a large circulation. The office i- equipped for both Ger- 
man and English job printing, occupying the entire -eeond il<><»r at ir>- Front st. 

The Iterater Co. was organized by J. L. Mills, J. B. Arbour, and W. C. 
Frost, May '98 and Four months later commenced The Iterator with a 5,000 free cir- 
culation This was discontinued after a few month- but the job office In successful 
operation has recently been removed to the New Peddinghaus block 215 Second st. 

Religious Hatters.— Through the Influence of Rev. Dr. Cutter one section of 
each tp, in the Ohio Co. tract was donated for the support of relieion and Daniel 
Story came to Marietta in the spring of 1789 to officiate both as minister and teacher 
using the second Boor of the N W Block-House. Dr, Cutter had given occasional 
sermons In the moan time, and Rev. Win Reek preached on July 17. IT SV . The 
first Sunday school north of the Ohio was organized by Mrs. Mary Lake in 1791, in 
t he stockade. 


The Pirst Congregational Church was oi 'gani zed Dec. 6, 1796, with 32 mem- 
bers and Rev. Story who had returned to Mas-, early in '97 was r< as pa-tor, 

Berving until Marcb 1804. II- died Sept following and was buried in Mound Ceme- 
tery. Muskingum Academy building, erected 1798, Berved as a Congregational 
Chapel till tlie present church was dedicated Mar, 8, 1809, it having been commenc- 
ed two years before. This structure cost $7,300 and with some alterations remains 
today as bul It o\ er 90 years ago, 

;_ s P. Bobbins became pastor in 1805, serving until his death In '23, a 
of its pastors have been teachers, S. G. Bingham having been the leading spirit in 
:uil' Marietta college. A permanent 3. S was started by this church in 1817 
and mi --ion- have been led,] at liar mar and other places most of the time since, sev- 
eral new churches having come from thi-. The present membership is aboul 
under the leadership of J. R. Nic erlin, who was called to the 


pastorate from Medina, O. in ''.'7. ,v \ it. lilackmer. of Belchertown. Mass a recent 
graduate of Hartford Theological Seminary was called a- assistant pastor July 1900 
as with the several missions the church is too much scattered for one pastor to do 

The Hrst Baptist Church was organized Sept. 6, 1818 in the • ■at. rn part of 
this t|). and for some time meetings were held at private houses Jas. McAboy was 
pastor for seven yean and in '_'.'; meetings were commenced in the village i>ut it was 
not until '36 that a church was built. This burned down in '55 while the pn 
Btruoture was building, Prom the membership of the First Baptist society five 
other Baptist Churches hav< d. During the ministry of Dr. L G. Leonard 

in '.">.', »'> about 150 bouIs were added to the membership and within the present year 
Borne 130 have joined making the membership now about 160. I.. Klrtley, I) I). who 
graduated from Crosier - m. in 'T"». was called from Peoria, ill.. Nov )-■• 

ceding Dr. R Gear who had been pastor for over 20 years. Dr Gear is a 

oatlve ol this cltj his father having been pasti r of this ohurob 1838-43. 

St. Luke's Episcopal.— Rt. Rev. Philander Chase, bishop <>r the diocese ol 
Ohio, administered the right of confirmation to seven persons Ik-i - "* Auu r 9, 1820 and 
five yt Vrlua Nye organl a-churob with 6 members 

This was Incorporated Jan 9, '33 John T. Wheal wa< Inaugurated rector Apr 14, 

C P. Hansel buc< led la '36; B J Boner, D W Telford and Edward Wln- 

tbrop cover the time uptoS when John Boyd, l» D. was oalled and n til] 

r half a century ol harmonious work with bis people. 1I>' is 

i— i>f 1844, and iii- rectorship here Is perhaps the 

longest known In i membershiD ol St. Luke'- is about 170, 

'I acted in 18 

Oilman Avenue 'l I.. -Methodism in Harmar was permantly planted in 1833, 
iwford M E Church, under the preaching of John 



Crawford, a zealous worker in the cause. The building now owned by the Christian 
church was erect. '.i booh afterward and continued as the place for meetings until 
the Gilman Avenue church was built This was dedicated May 5, L895 The lot 
was purchased BOme ten years since and the parsonage erected soon afterwards. F. 
R. Crooks who served as pastor 1893 '8 was active in the erection of the hard>orae 
church home which with the lot and parsnaage cost about 88,000. The presenl mem- 
bership i- ab tut 375, in charge of a ..I. Bawk. a graduate of the Ohio University, 
who has been 18 year- in the ministry, coming to Marietta a year -ince. 

Roman Catholic — It is recorded that a Jesuit missionary, (with the French 
orers who b iried leaden plates here claiming all this territory for France)offer- 
ed the holy sacrifice of the Mass here Aug. 16, 1749. Father Lee said Ma-- at the 
residence of Felix Mei, lire. Fifth and Bart sts. early in the century and in 1830, 
Father Russel from Wheeling lectured on "The Church" in the courthouse. P 
to 1838 Rt. Rev. J no. B. Purcell purchased a store building and lot where the pres 
ent St. Marys stands, using the Becond atory as a chapel and Ja9. McCaffrey was 
made pastor in thai year, continuing in charge eleven years Robt. [. Lawi 
was here six months, and Peter Perry, coming Apr. l B50, commenced the erection of a 
new church, built at a cost of $8,000 about one half of which had been paid, [t was 
still uncompleted when he was succeeded by R. I'. O Nell Sept '55; R. B Bardy 
came Apr. '56, and O. A. Walker, who founded the parochial school, a year later. 
.1. 1> Ryan o&tne in 1862 remaining until his death in Aug l x 7'>. win n Chas. F. 
Shel hammer had charge for three years. Peter Thurheimer came Oct. '75 and J. 
F. Campbell became past 8 f8, succeeded by Jno. B Kuehn Nov. "79 Tb( 

church Bplre was completed, a chime of bells put In and Father Kuhn continued as 
ntil his death July '93. and was . F M Woe-man who .Mine to the 

charge Aug 1892, Blnce when a new parochial building ha- been en 

Bchools)and various other Improvements inaugurated. The Putnam Ball propei 
Fourth ami Wooster sts. ha- been p trchased v<-<; Qtly for $15,750 ami the congrega- 
tion contemplates at no dlst landsome and commod ch on 



ST. PAULs E\ \N«il-.l ICAL. 

this beautiful lot. Rev. Woesman was born and educated in Cincinnati, graduating 
from Mount St. Marys Theo. Sen. of tin- West in l s 7*\ and has since been in a< 
ministerial work. 

Lirst M. E. — Methodism began in Marietta when Robt Manley preached 
June 20. L799, and formed a clas6. The work then remained inactive till L808-10 
when revivals progressed and many were converted. A Methodist church was 
built in 1815, bul Centenary was not erected till 1839 and Whitney < bapel twenty 
years later. These two consolidated in 1879 making what is now the First M. E. 
Church. The building was commenced in Inland dedicated July 19, '85. The in- 
terior has sinoe been remodeled, beautified ami with the luxurious surrounding shade- 
trees it makes a comfortable church homo. The membership of about 500 is in 
charge of W. D. Cherington l». D. since Oct. '99. Be is a graduate of the Ohio 
Wesleyan University, and from Drew Theological Seminary 1^7::. 

St. Paul's Evangelical. — About 1833 a number of German families located in 
Marietta and a movement was soon after agitated to have a German church which 
was consummated In the formation of St. Paul's in i v :;'.i Private houses Berved for 
places of worship at first, later the 0. 11. was used and in the fall of 1849 the brick 
building which Btandsat Fifth and Scammel sts was dedicated. The present mem- 
bership is about 150 with P. Samuel Mueller in charge Be graduated from Eden 
Theo. Sem. of St. Louis, taking a post graduate course from McCormick Seminary 
of Chicago and coming to Marietta in 1899. Cut of church on page 12 

(ierman M. E. Church. — A c ass 
of German Methodists was org 
Marietta, June 1839. Chas. Best and 
E Riemenschneider were on this cir- 
cuit that year and (i. I ). inker came in 
1840. In 1841 while B. Koeneke was 
pastor the frame church of the English 
M. E. was purchased for 8800. This 
gave place in 1874 to the handsome 
brick, cor Third and Wooster illustrat- 
ed herewith, which with its appurten- 
ances cos1 $7,300. The adjoining par- 
sonage cost 8l,t The congregation 

is in a flourishing condition numbering 
about 160. T('C present pastor, 11. 
Ih'1't/fi-, formerly of Columbus, O , was 
chosen In 1899. Be has been in the 
ministry for the lasl 15 yr.-. 

St. Luke's Evangelical Lutheran. 
The German Evangelical church 
which was Btarted in 1 839. dividi 
1858 the larger portion formin( 
Luke's. The younger English speak- 
ement, desiring to have services 
in that language, formed a mission ho- 
siety and joined the Miama synod and 
ch now contemplates af- 
Dg with that Bynod. The old 
an Temple Btyle ol building which 
Bociety has occupied, shown on page forty-six, * as unique and the only 
iture in Marietta built upon the cardinal points ol compass. The present 

■ ip Is about 300 and as the buildii i -mall to ac< tmodate the in- 

a • ion it has been torn down and a uew one Is now building at a cost 

825, w E. Brinkman, pa-tor, a graduate of Chicago Theo. Sem., and 

post graduate of the Divinity School of Chicago, was called to St. Luke'- in IS 



Harmar Congregational wasorf i ran. i. 1840. by J. B. Llnsley, D. !>., 

Pres. of M ars, 25 o( whom were from the Marietta 

church. For eight peart - - were beld In the Town Ball, illustrated on page 

54. The < - * i : i r- . - > ~ > . illdlng was dedicated Nov. 27, 1847, ;i large lot having been don- 
ated by David Putnam who died In '56 A lecture room was added In '68 and the L. 
■ In 95 nearly doubled the seating capacity. A neat parsonage n bed in - 

I sent membership is ahout 200. Mllo Hlckok waa Installed first pastor, 

• • i on Dana served five years, David Gould five, William Wakefield 
seventeen, .1 EL Jenkins nine, H C. Baskell six, I) P. Barrissix, Silas Smltn two, 
Jonathan Smith two and Virgil Boyer, a graduate of Oberhn Theological Semin- 
ary came In 97. Cut of church on later paj 

The First Unitarian Church was organized Feb 3, 1855 and the following 
season a commodious building was erected al Third and Putnam sts, principally 
through the liberality of Nahum Ward, see illustration on page 30. Many distin- 
guished preachers of this century have Bpoken from its pulpit among whom wer 
Ralph Waldo Emerson, Edward Everett Bale, and others. The present member- 
ship is about 100 E. A Coil who was pastor of a leading church in Cincinnati came 
to this charge Sept 1. 1895. 

United Brethren Church.— During the winter of 1*57-3 a great reviva 
held by thr Wesleyan Methodists of Marietta and at the close of the services the 
majority of the converts voted to have the church organizatiou affiliate with the 
United Brethren Conference which was consummated at the next session Some 
four years Blnce a neat chapel was erected on Wooster St., above Sixth, which m 
a comfortable ohurofa home for the BOCiety. now in charge of C J. Fox. of Trumbull 
Co. O, who has been Bll years In the ministry and pastor here since Oct. 1. '99. 
The present member-hip Is about 130. 

I IkM I'kl.Sin I l Rl v\. 

i lie Mi st Presbyterian. - ted In Ma 1804, 

when 33 pera i i rew from I and form ireh, 


calling Stephen Lindley as pastor. This was incorporated in 1813 as th< 
Religious Society." but after a time became dormant. In L841 Wm Wallace organ- 
ized another Presbyterian church, which was Later removed to B 
it sti ■ The Fourth st. Church, now known as the First Presbyterian, was 

organized with 52 members in L865, mainly through the efforts of B. W. Ballantine. 
The building now used by the Central Christian Churcb was comm i once 

and dedicated in 1867, This having become too Bmall the handsome new si 
oture, Illustrated herewith, was erected In the panic times of 1896 at a co 
about $25,000 With present prices of labor and material it. would cost much more 
and with the lot U probably worth $35,000. The membership now la about 280 W. 
E. Roe a graduate of Union Theo Sem. N. V , class of 1886, was Installed pastor 
here July 23, 1892. 

Th ■ African Methodist.— Definite dates for this church have nol been obtain- 
able. Meetings were held at the residence of Emetine Strawder on Charles at, as 
early as I860 and later in the lecture room of the Baptist church, [n 1865 tb< 
purchased the building now occupied on Third st. below Greene, formerly tb< O 
School Presbyterian church. The church Is in a prosperous condition under the 
charge of J. C. Turner, who came to Marietta, Sept. '99 

The first Disciple Church was organized in 1890 under the leadership of 
Joseph Dutton who served as pastor for a time Meetings were held in the court- 
room till '94 when this society purchased the Crawford M. E. churcb property which 
fronts the Port school grounds, taking possession Jan, '95 The next year Beveral 
members lefl this churcb to assist in Forming the Central Christian. 1 1 has □ 
ular pastor but Jesse W. Heard of Belmont preaches occasionally. John < ochran is 
eh u re ii cl( rk. 




I **.$.?■ 


The \V«sleyan Methodist Church. — Services were first held in a building on 

Third Street, above Scammel. About seven years ago, during the eldership of 

Amoe Lawrence, the presenl church huilding on Second st. between Sacria Via and 

Montgomery, was erected. The building is neat and comfortable and the memher- 

; bo .1 E. Artie pastor, has been 2:1 years in the ministry, comii 

barge in 1894. 

Central Christian. -This religious society was organized in Aug. 1897. The 
old building of the First Presbyterians was purchased and J B. Br is tor was chosen 
first pastor He Berved but 1 Bhorttime and in May '98 Edward Bower took ohs 
continuing till Sept. '99. The present minister Solomon Met/.ler has been nineteen 
pears In the ministry, coming from Vvauseon, O. to accept this charge, Jan. l. 1900 
The Central ' hristiao church has had a continual and steady growth and nun 
about 1 10 mem'' 

The Cit\ nisalon wu- organized under the auspices of the city churches on 
July 1, 1900. tfeetinsr are held every evening and twice on Sunday, the different 
.■•- and prominent laymen taking turn- in ('(inducting the services. Th< 
A 1; Bouquard, ' hm.; Bliss P. wittlig. Sec.; Chas. Newton, Treas ; Mrs. N. 11 

I >\. , 1 'ress 1 "in 

Woman's Christian Temperance Union was organized in I878*with 39~cl 
er members. Lte objeel oate public Bentlment to the Btandard of total ab 

the members using their Influence for temperance, purity and spiritual 
rth. M' ■ tings are held every Thursday al 2 o'clock in the First M. E. church. 
•| an Mr-, fdarj D. Ogle, Pres.; Mrs. J. W. Sturgies, Cor. Sei M - 

0.; Mrs. N. II. Dye, Treas. 

Secret & Social Societies. 

1 ties of a city, each have a bearing upon it- desirability as a borne, For 

m a 11 v persons are attracted to their lodge centre as others are to a church home, In 
mi more becoming recognized thai the Btandard fraternities are a 
ind while they avoid sectarian teachings or political environmi 
n hand with the churches In relieving the aeedy, visiting the b 

advancement and g 1 Samaritan work 


Free flasonry, the history of which dates back to the misty past, was working 
in the provinces when the revolution with the mother country broke out and Ma 
General Josepb Warren, M !>.. in command of the colonial forces, who was "G 
Master of Masons In Boston," wa9 killed lb the battle of Bunker Bill. T 
aroused the masons who were particularly active in volunteering and July lit. 17T."> 
•'St John's Regimental Lodge" was chartered by the Provincial Grand Loi 
of N. Y The nexl to be formed for army work was amoog the troops from Roxbury, 
Mass. They applied bo John Rowe, Grand Master of Mass. who issued a c 

\mim' \\ Union Lodge No I as follow*.; "John Rowe, Grand Master, to 
Joel Clark, Greeting; By virtue of authority vested in me, I hereby reposing spec a 
trust and confidence in your knowledge and skill of the ancient craft do app 
and constitute you Master of the American Union Lodge, now erected in Roxbury, 
or wherever your body shall remove on the continenl of America, provided il is 
where n.i grand lodge is appointed. You are to promote in your lodge the utmosl 
harmony and brotherly love ami to keep up to the con-titution, for the reputation 
of the craft. In your makings j on are t., tie very cautious of the moral character 
of such persons and also ol visitors who desire to become members of your loi 
You are to I ran -m it to the grand lodge a fair account of the choice of your officers. 
Any matters coming before your lodge that cannot be adjusted you are to laj 
same before the grand lodge for decision. As often as the grand lodge meets you 

are to attend with your two wardens and will be not i tied of the time and place. " In 

order to support the grand lodge your lodge is to pay into the hand- of the grand 
secretary, the sum of twelve shillings each quarterly night, all of which you will 
pay due regard to This communication to remain in full force and yirtue until 
recalled by me or mj - iccessor in office. Given under my baud and the ban 
grand wardens (the seal of the grand lodge first affixed this the fifteenth day of 
A. M. 5776. of Salvation 1 7 T • "> . By order of John Rowe, Grand Master; Richard 
Dudley. D. G. M.. William Burbeck, S G. W.; William Boskins, Grand Secretary. 

The seal of this lodg< suggested by Benjamin Franklin was made of 13 links 
around the square and compass and connected at the top by clasped bands. Am. 
Union moved with the Colonial army, meeting in N. Y Aug. 13, 1776, and in the 
battle of Long island two weeks later it- master was taken prisoner and - 
it> memhet> killed. When it convened on its third anniversary, in Conn San 
B. Parsons was elected master and June 24, 1779. at the Robinson Bouse on the 
Budson it was visited by Gen'l Washington, and again at Morristown, N.J. Dec. 

iwing. Capt Beart was chosen master in 1780 and after the lodg ased work in 

the army he held the charter, still having it with him when he was given charge of 
the garrison at Ft. Barmar in 1790 and on June 28th at Campus Martius, with this 
charter as authority the lodge was reorganized, being the first Masonic lodge in 
N. \V. Territory: present Jonathan Heart \v. M.: W. Hen;. Tupper, S W ; llufus 
lam. J. W.; Thos. Stanley. Wm. Burnbam. Griffin Greene, Wm. Mills. Robert 
Oliver, Wm. Stacy. Aug. 2, 1790 it was visited by Maj Dougherty who aft< 
Ing Ft. Barmar had built Ft, Washington at Cincinnati and was now on hi- way • 
Master Heart was killed at St.. Clair's defeat Nov. -t. 1791. 

The Mass G L. was informed of all proceedings and a letter from Moses M. 
Bayes G. M. Dec. 6th, 1791 confirmed the warrant as follows: "The bretheren of the 
Grand Lodge duly impressed with the affectionate and benevolenl expression* in 
your address, commend the Bame and are pleased with your laud. i ertaking. 

Sfour warrant i- without doubt a perfect and a good one and in full operation until 
a gra d in your territory when it will become your duty to sur- 

render it and be rechartered." < »n the night of March 24, 180] the bo »r a 

ipand this charter was probably destroyed by fire, w i 

The members again applied to Mass. for authority to work and were granted 
a duplicat i ■ by which all rights were re-affirmed, by the G L. of Mass.; to 

Dan'l story W. M.: Ebenezer Sproat S W.; [chab d Nye. J. W., of -aid American 
Union Lodge This was signed bj rsaiah Thomas, G. M ; Simeon West, I 
For some years 1802-10, meetings were held In the littli q on 


After a Masonic grand lodge had been formed in Ohio, that body as 
■ a new i I i some of the bn 

American Union still had the right to work under the Mass. charter. The grand 
Lodge of Ohio thought differently and thi to proclaim the Mariettlai 

clandestine Masons. The matter was oompromieed by American Union retaining 
Ite name and number hut accepting a recharter from Ohio, Jan. 5, 1816. Lack of 
Bpace rorbids our giving its long li-t of past masters, many of whom have been 
prominent men. Geo. T. Bovey who was Brat elected master in l v, '>2. and with four 
years omission Berved till B2, was Longest In the ohair and conferred the degrees on 
150 candidates. This brated its centennial June 24th 1876 when 5,000 

visitors came to Marietta Seats were placed on the college grounds for 3.000 and 
tables in the park to Beat 1,000 ;it a time. Chas. Woodward G M. of Ohio 
was present, Richard Vaux G. M. of Pa. delivered the oration and many other 
promioant Masons were present The presenl executive offioers are A. H Scott, 
W.M.;N. W Bergen, 8 V7.; G B Eyssen, J. W.; J. W. Sturgis, Seo'y; Theo Wag- 
ner Treas The present membership Is 134. Tin- lodge owns the hall N E. corner 
Front and Butler -t- meeting each Monday that occurs on or before the full moon. 
Washington Lodge was also chartered hy the Mass. <• I. to work in the patriot 
army, one by North Carolina, and six by the Pennsylvania Grand Lod^e, but 
American Union No, 1 is the only one still in existence that was chartered in the 
colonial army. 

AMERICAN UNION CHAPTER No 1 was organized in Marietta June 6, 1792 and 
has had practically the Bame experience as that given for the Blue Lodge hereto- 
fore enumerated. Its charter was burned in the same fire and it was re-chart 
by the ( irand < 'hapter .Ian l w iU. Us present charter is dated Oct. 24, 1816. Its 
first officers were James T. Willard H. P.; David Trowbridge, K.: Wm. tikinm 
Levi Barber, Augustus ami Sardine stone, Anazamander Warner, ( Hiver Dodge, 
Peter Bowe, and Samuel Boiet The present officers are Wirt 8. Dye, H P.; O. B. 
Vincent,K;C P. Bolst, S.: C R.Richardson C. <>f B ; A. F. C Williams, Treae 
J. \V. Holden, s. ■•■'>■. The membership la about 1»'.">. Meets second Friday of each 
month in room- No-. 133 and 135 Putnam St. 

I .... 


r r 

Barmar Lodge No. 390 held Its first 
meeting June 8, 1867, and was chartered Oct. 16 
Following with 13 members. The tir-t officers 
were Elijah Locker, W. M.: A s Curtis. 8 W.; 
S II Tidd, J. W.; T. J. Fattin, Treas.; W n 

Smith. See. The present Officers are ]•' L Alex- 
ander. W. M ; C. R. Richardson, 8. W.; Cbas, R, 
Putnam, J. W.; G.J. Lund, Tn as ; I ■• M. Payne, 

Some of the pushing mason- of the city 
bave incorporated the Marietta Masonic Build- 
in :: ' <>•• purchased the lot, Nos. iM:'.-7 Seooi d Bt., 
jiml have commenced the erection of a Bix-story 

temple whiob will cost over 1401 and 

el-,, lit to the city. The front Is 58i ft. depth 100 
and the height will he over 100 ft. First floor 
foi -tor.-. 2d and :d office- jth oluband banquet 

p H-. 5th lodges, and sixth will be erect< 

Scottish Rite Masonry. J. B. 11 Tomer is presi- 
dent of the company and W . B. Sj etary. 

Marietta Commanders No 50, K. T. was ohartered Sept. 24. 1891. fts 
mt membership is about 135 and it- officers are C. E. Verges, E. C; I has. F. 
Benry. «. ; Wm. Reader, C <; : <. J, Lund. Trea*.; and A. W Tompkins, Recorder. 
Meetings are held on the first Friday of each month at 133-5 Putnam Bt. 

If arietta Council No 78 B indS M iras chartered Sept 26, 1893 with 
C. R Stevens first T. I M. The present officers are Cbas P. Benry. T. [. M.: 
Jewett Palmer D. M;Chae P Holst,P.C.^ ;L E MoVav, Treas.; A. W.Tompkins 
Recorder, [te membership is about 85, and it meets on the fourth Friday of each 

mont I Pu1 nam - s t- 




The Eastern Stab Chapter, No 59 was organized in 189G, with aboul 20 
charter members, and now numbers 120. The officers are Mrs. J. S. II Torner W. 
M.: Mi-. I. L. Ellis, P.; Mrs i J. VanValey, A. M.; Mrs. G. Payne, 8ec; Mrs. Wirt 
Dye, Treas. Meetings are held on thi and fourth Tuesday of each month at 

i he Masonic I looms 

- ■ •"■"" " v, ^~ - .. ,*,. ■ .■■■.• .-,...... ^. .,,,11. .-■>,,_..-, suu <t uuemoersnip 01 

859,929, Jan. l, 1898, including America. Australia, Denmark, Germany, Sweden and 

Marietta N«>. 67 was instituted Aug. 29, 1846 by John Brougb, later gover- 
nor of Ohio, with J. P. Beach first X. ('• ; W. N. Marsh, V. <,.: vv. (•'. ( urtis 
Owen Franks, Treas. More than oOO have been initiated into 87. The present mem- 
bership i- about SO The present oUicer> arc Geo. Foreman, X. (,.: Thos Battin 
V. G : C. R. Putnam, Sec'y; James Johnston, Fin. Sec: C. H. Nixon, Treas Regu- 
lar meetings every Monday night in Knox Savage building Putnam st. 


Harmar No. 115 was 
instituted, Aug. 5th 1848, the 
petitioners having been Wm. 
Mansfield, Wm. H. Widger, 
Wm. C. Olney, L.E W.Warner 
Joseph Humbold. Ten were 
initiated the first night and 
some 400 sinee The preseDt 
membership is r,'.">. About 
1862 Harmar lodge purchased 
rom the Sons of Malta the 
building now used by No. 2 

•'ire 1 >ept. whirl. ~,, N , ,1 a ^ a 

home until tho pi i 
ine three-story brick < )i\A Fel- 
ows hall was put up in 189 1, 
vhich with lot est about 
85,500 It Ls located al ci 
of Maple Bt, and (iilman aye. 
and fir&1 door is used ,b a store. 
Officers are A. I.. Mumford, N. 
I , ; Wm Mootz, V, <..: 1) W. 
I'fatl, Sec'y; Wellington Brab- 
ham. Treas. Meets every 
Tuesday evening. 

GUTTENBURG 318 !.<>.<>. F. instituted June 12. 1857, worked In the (.erman 
language until Apr 1892 when it changed to the English ritual. It has paid out 
many tho dollars in relief and done a good work in Marietta. The presenl 

membership is about 115. Officers Chas. T. Zimmer, N. <• ; The-. D Worster, V. 


(, ; H. nr. - Sec'y; Jacob Wittlig, Treas. The lodge meets in its commodious 

quarters, in Arch Hik Pronl • .. Thursday night. 

Elkeye Encampment No 99, [. O 0. 1 janized June 11, 1867, with 

14 charter members; P. Emrich was C P.; J. Miller, S. W : .) 6. Fields, S. It now 
numbers about (50, and I rs are Lewis II. B P.; A. L Mumford 

\V.: D L. McBugh, J. W.; Benry Schuff, Scribe; Jacob Rech, Treas. It meets in 
ten burg Ball the 1st and 3rd Fridays. There are 128 261 camp meruit i 

J. E. McCoy Rebekah Assembly No. 230, was organized aboul 1885 and bas 
now over 100 m s are Mrs Adella Johnston, P. G.; Mrs. Mary 

Spies, N G.; Mrs. Lena Scott, V. G ; Mr-. Eunice Steen, Sec. and Deputy; Miss 

Cade, Treas. It meets at No. 115I.O. O. P. Hall on second and fourth Friday^ 

Augusta Rebekah Lodge No. 272, L O O. F. was Instituted July nth, 
1889, with 15 members, and now numbers about 135 The officers are Mrs. G» 
anna Franz, N. G ; Mrs. I bristine Pfaff, V. G : Miss Lanie Toler, Sec; Mrs Amelia 
Thies, Treas. It meets on the 2nd & 4th Fridays of each month at Guttenburg Ball. 

Manhattan Tribe No. 35 [mproved ( >rder of Red Men was established .Jan. 
27, 1868, and chartered duly following. B«nry Bohl was the first Sachem. At 

nttheofl rohn H. Schramm Sachem; Jacob Schimmel, S. S ; John 

Wont/el, .1. >:. Fred Blume, Bee . Castor Bopp, Treas. Its name sounds wild but 
the principles are essentially the Bame as those of Odd Fellowship; granting relief to 
the sick and afflicted, etc. The tribe meets every Tuesday at the Red Men's Hall 
In the Bagan Blsr. The present membership is about 134. 

Knights of Pythias.— This order was conceived by an actor. Justice H. Rath- 
bone, from the play of "Damon & Pythias" and was organized al Washington I). C. 
p.). 1864 [t is of a chivalric character teaching with striking force the prin- 
ciples of bravery, charity, humanity, and unselfish friendship. The order had Jan 

it a membership of'>72, and May 1. 1900, 57.932 In Ohio It has an endow- 
ment <>r beniHciary rank with a membership, dan. 1900, of 60,521. 

RAYNALD No. 82 K'.of I'. was o Maj 27, l v 7">. with I s charter mem- 

bars, J. C. Folger first C. C. The present membership Is about 190 and the li 
meets every Wednesday night in it,- well furnished hall 3d Btory of Register block. 
The presenl officers are < has W. Rennie, C. C; W. H. Smith. V. C.; C. II. Danford, 

K, ,,f • ; - G. A. Bahlmao, M. of P.; O.J. Fuller M. of E. 

Pioneer Crrv Lodge No. 13, K. of P. was organized May 10, i v, . ,v with 30 
charter members, which bas Bince Increased to 15. The t fflct rs Bre T. M. Fletcbi r 
C. C; Howard Fletcher, V. C; T. R. Burton, K. of R. P.; J. H. Johnson, M. P.: 
Ambrose Barnett, M. of E. Meetings are held every Monday evening at the i 
In the ( 'ailwallad.r Bl'd. on Putnam Bt. 1 l oli 

Mi BKINGUM I "i \' ii. No. 10, J. O. I '. A. M . The Junior Order, a patriotic 
organization was started about the time of the civil War. The Marietta Council 
edln June 1889. with 18 charter members Benry Posey was the first 
. cllor. it now numbers 50 and the officers are J.C. Venham. Coun.; J. L. D 
y C.; J. S. Barber, R. s ; Thos. McKinney, Bee; Prank W. Bierschwal, Ti 
It in. . Monday night at the Mills Bid. 

Buell P< iSl G. A. R. No. 178 was organized at Marietta in Dec. 1881, with 85 
oh arter members and at present has a membership of 110. The officers are 
Stowe. Com.; Benry Wendleken. S. \ '.: James Zyering, J. V*.; Peter Moeser, Chap.; 
j. H. Yo tant: Dr. J D. Cotton, Surgeon. This organization exists f<>r 

the furtherance of comradeship and the mutual benefit oftheolyil war vet- 
It meets 1st and 3rd Thursd 

Hi ell W. R. C. No. 70 was organized In 1885 and has a membership of about 
i ; [ 8 to aid the G. A. R and to assist Buch old soldiers as need help, 
their widows and orphans. The presenl officers are Sarah Stowe, Pres.; S 


Knott, Sen. V.; Mrs. W his ton, Jun. V.: Lottie Sprague, Treas.; Mr-. Beach, 
It meet- ;it B tell Post hall first and third Tuesdays. 

c. B. Gates Post, <;. A. R. No. 168 was organized in 18S4 with 20 
abers, and now numbers about the same. The officers are Uex. Ritcbey, i 
Lewis ,Elston, S. V.; James Ronch, J. V.; K. Huggins, Q. M.; Wm. - Ad 

Meets alternate Saturdays at Fairview Heights. 

C. B. Gates W. R. Corps, No. L86 was Qrst organized in 1884, amed 

Chas. Beuian Gates, a young lad killed while in the service of < >m. n 
Mrs S. H. Putnam was the Brat president and served until 1890. The corps wai 

mized Apr. 1892, and has been quite prosperous and done much relief work, 
[ts membership is about 10. The present officers are Eunice E. Steen, Pres.; Mrs. 
Guthrie, Vice Pres.; Laura B. Sayre, Sec: Lucy Combs, Treas. Meets first and 
third Fridays at J. O. (J. A. M. Hall corner of Second and Putnam. 

Dawes Camp No 509. Sons of Veterans, was organ A _ !3, 1899, with 29 
charter memb irs [ta object i- to perp ituate the bonor and memory ol what their 
fathers fought for. [ts present membership is about 90 and its officers are I ('. 
Beach, Capt ; W. R Koerner, 1st Lieut ;J M. McKenna, 2nd Lieut.; F W. Combs, 
i-i Serg : I' A. W.Shaw, Q. M. Meets every Monday evening at the G A. R. Hall 
on Putnam Street. 

The Royal Arcanum was organized ai Bo»ton Mass., in 1877. On Jan. I, 
1900, it had 193 868 members. Marietta Council, No. 1544 was instituted Dec. 11. 
L893 and now has a membership of about v| i The officers are !•'. M. Spielman, 
Regent; II E S oan, V. R.; I). II. Buell, I'. R.; S. A. C iffman, Sec; 11.11 Mc Don- 
ald, Coll.; WirtS. Ii,'-. rreas. Meets 2nd and 4th ChursdaysaoNo. 67 E.O. O F.Hall. 

The Knights of the Mac iabees, a fraternal beneficiary order, was estab- 
n 1833 a- Port Huron, Mioh. On Jun. 1. 1900, it had 197.132 members. 



Mound Tent, No. 322, was formed at Marietta to May, L896, with 12 charter mem- 

at present numbers [1 meets every Thursday evening in the 

Mills Bid. the officers are N. < '. Brooker, P. Com.; W. D. Strain, Com.; C. E. Bell, 
K. o K.: F (.. Nye, Fin. K. 

T i ; i Ladies of the Mao AREESwasorj n 1892 at Port Huron. Mich. 

On Jan. i f 1900, the membership was 56,267. The Bive at Marietta was orgai 
in March '97, with 25 charter members. The officers are Millie McCal lister, Com.; 
Lillian Griffiths. P. Com.; Lulu Osterle, Rec K.; Stella Hopper, Fin. K. Th< | 
ent membership is about 56. It d and ith Tuesdays, in the Mills Bid. 

Modern Woodmen of America.— Marietta Camp, No. 1,138, was organized 
Aug. 21, '96. with 15 charter members. The object of the order i> fraternal insur- 
ance and on Jan. 1, 1900, the total membership was428,361. On July 1, 1900, the 
membership of the Marietta Camp wae 90, having more than doubled in tb< 

year. Protection for 9127, was carried, bhe limit for one person being 93,000. 

The officers are A. A Knapp, Ven. Consul; \\ S Alexander, Worthy Adv.; S < 
Gorrell, Ex. Banker: \V. H. Leonard, Clerk. Meets the 1st and .'Id Fridays in the 
Mills Bid. 

AMERICAN [NSDRAN< E UNION wa» organized at Columbus in l^'.iL < >n 
1. 1900, U bad 6,080 members. The Marietta Union whs organized Nov. 17, '99, and 
at present numbers about 70 members. Th<' officers are F. F. Gaitree, Pres.; W. I-'. 
•Smith. V, P : F. W. Wommer, Sec; E. E. Linn, Coll. and Treas. Meets the last 
Friday of the month al the [. O. < >. F. Hall on Putnam St. 

THE ELKS.— Lodge No. 477 Benevolent 
and Protective Order of Elks, was organized 

Apr. 27, is«)9, and in one year had erected the 
fine building Bhowfl herewith. The home, with 
lot, fully equipped electric light piantand other 
fixtures, invoices about $30,000, and is a lasting 
credit in it- enterprising builders, who may 
well be called "hustlers". Jas. W. Nye serves 
;i~ Exalted Ruler and B 8. Alderman, 
The membership Sept. I, 1900 was 170, and the 
order hold- regular meeting at the Home, which 
fronts on the Park, every Monday evening. 
The general objects of the order are Charity, 
■ lu.-tiee, Brotherly Low and Fidelity. 

The Pathfinders is a modern, frater- 
nal. Insurance order organized at Akron. (.)., in 
i v, ' v , ami l ).(•. 31, '99 reported 5,923 members. 
The lodge al Marietta was organized Sept. 13, 

with 11 members and now numbers about 
-i The offloers are K. B. Guthrie, Pres | D 
Raybold, V. P.: C. E. Steen, Sec.; K L. Pinto- 
• rton, Trees it meet- the 2nd and tth Mon- 
days at Macabee hall Mill;- building. 


The Knights of Columbus, s beneficiary society composed of Catholics was organ 
at New Baven, Conn., Id i v -_. having a membership, Jan, I, 1900, of 26,338. The 
Marietta Counoil was organized Jan. 28, 1900, and has about 10 members, it meets 
in Union Blk. Isl Sad 3rd Wednesdays. The otlieer-s are I'red \V. Callanan, 6. K . 

W( ser D. G K : 1). T MoEvoy, R 8.; August Schmidt, Fin, Bee; A l 
Le t 'omte, Tr< 

Knights of Labor, Local Assembly No. 266, was organized in 1886. 
rs an J T rones, P M ; Nich. Eisenhauser, M. W,; W. D strain. Rec. -Sec; 
l lenry Vlller 1 M • ry Monda 

Trades and Labor Council was organized in 1890 The officers are J. L. 
Toller, ires ; J T, Jones, Geo Sec; J. O Smith, Treas. Meets 2nd and 4th Fr 

Brotherhood of Railroad Trainmen, Lodge No. 504, was organized Nov. 
1, L894, Its officers are L E Fairbanks, !'. ML; R. vi. Fox, W. to.; w . 
V. M.: B F Roney, Sec; J. L, roller, Fin Meets 1st and 3rd Sundays 

Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen, Musi e. No. 144, was 

mi zed Apr. 1896. The officers ar« Johu Riley, Master and Coll ; John Spauld- 
Idg, Sec. and R c. Meets Isi and 3rd Sundays Twenty-six members. 

International Assn of Bricklayers, n<>. 26, was organized in Oct, 
1897. I'he officers are Lewis Wilkinson, Pres ; Wm. P. Ellis. V. P: Frank Kloe 
mier, R. C; Link Rogers, F. S.; Anthony Brown, Treas. Meets every Thursda 


American Flin Workers Qnion. No. 40, was 1. 15, 

1898. T ■■■■ I s. Haytt, Pres.; James McAfee, Reo Sec;Tneo. Dyson, 

Fin. Sec ; ( !has Hoi che, Treas. M 

Retail Clerks International Protect] - was organized 

1899 '1 M i . Pres.; E W. Glines, V P.; I 

Faires, l; - P F, Gaitree, Fin Sec ; Geo. B. Cable, Treas. Meets 2nd and hh 
Friday - 

Laborers International Protective Union, No B as chartered 

Maj - - o. Ackerman, Pre* ; Wm McBride, V. !' ; 

; 5i er, Fin. Sec; Wm Danker, Treas. Meets 2nd and 4th 

The Liquor League was organized July 30, '99. J. H. Motter is Ohm and 
- Bailey, b 

The •' Women - ennial AssocrATiON." of the cityof Marietta, Wash- 

ington County, Ohio, was orj \ igusi 19th, 1986. [is object "To commemor- 

n any waj which it may deem advisable, the settlement of Marietta, and the 
Goverment. in the Northwest ferritory." The membership 
at pi i ints one hundred and twenty seven ladies. Meetings are hi d M 

noons, from October until May, on which occasions a Literary or musical pro- 
gram i- presented, A fine Relic Room baa b ien established, possessing many inter* 

i historical a The officers are: Miss M P Woodbridg 

Mrs. T F. Davis, V. P ; Mrs. J, P. Laing. Rec. Sec; Mrs. J. U West, Treas : Miss 
M. N. Nye, Cor Sec ; Mrs. S. N. Lovell, Cbm. Relic Room. 

Tin Ni.w ( i nii i:y Historical Society was organized Dec 31, 1888, with 
in charter members. The object i- to commemorate the settlement of Marietta and 
Beveral monuments have been erected at different places about the city For this 
Tbe present membership Is about 60 and the officers are M. M. R 

.. .1. B West. V. P : Mrs. S. J. Hathaway, Sec ; Jos. J. Brennan, Treas. 

ty meets in Library Hall 306 Front St. In. Ian 1891, ; i granite e-tone was put 
up near the foot of Washington St. bearing this inscription ">. W. Corner C u 
Martius, 'The Stockad< d by the first Governor of the N W. Territory and 

by tbe pioneers of Ohio during the Indian War 1791-5"'. Another was placed on 
Apr. 7. ''.r_\ in the yard of the west-side school, reading "Site <>f Fort Harmar, built 
IT-.". Headquarters, 1786-8, of Gen. Josiah Harmar, of Pa., Gen. In chief fj. 8. A." 
On July 15, '92 a granite monument was erected in Muskingum Park, bearii 

Thi .'ut of tlii> building is 
n>t Inserted to show Its architec- 
ural beauty, but rather ror the 
jood that it has done. It was 

built at out 1833, bj I >avnl Put- 
nam, for a private BChool ho 
iml after Harmar was made a 
separate village In 1837, was used 
or public purposes. Barmar 
Songregational Ohuroh was or- 
ed In it and continued to 
worship there for aome years. 
t still serves as a public library 
ind reading room. The Harmar 
Academy building erected In 
y iT, Btood on the opposite cor- 
ler ol Maple and Franklin its 
t w a^ burned down in t he '-"-. 

The Nlagai a i- Ire Eng tue 
o v. a- q uartered here foreever- 
il yea 

\n ES I >HM RE M)iN(i ROOn. 

bronzi plate inscribed "Near this Bpot, July 15th, 1788, Gen. Authur St. Clair, of 
the Revolutionary Army and President of Congress, 1787, was inaugurated Brsl i 
ernor of the Territory of the United States Northwest of the Ohio River. On 
ad si i Centennial Ball of the celebration, July 15th, to 20tb, 1 v -~.' 

I'm': Marietta [mprovement So< m:t-, was organized in the Bprinj 
its object being to encourage Bucb improvements as tend to promote the health and 
beauty of the place The officers are Mrs. Marj Phillips, Pres.; Dr. Helen Curtis, 
1st V. P.; Mrs. L. R Chamberlain, 2nd V. P.; Mrs. Dr. Ballard, 3ec; Mrs Col. 
Nye, Cor. Sec; Mrs. West, [Yeas. Meets al the Relic Room, the Brsl I esday of 
each month, in the winter and spring months, 

ifP 1 ,,, 


linn f r r f f r 

NEW MIOH SCHOOL.. 1900-1. 

Description of Bigh School building uml other school matters will be found i>n 
inder illustration of Washington school. Cut of Marion school on page 
Fori 38, Putnam 51, Willard 

Marietta Band was organized aboul 1884. The number of pieces has varied 
from time to time and at present it has 21 cai o reran iz ition in 

southeastern Ohio. The history of the ma stra is identical with i hut of 

th«' band as mosl of the members belong to both organizations, Both are now 
under the directorship of Prof. Schmeideke T j P I Schlicher, 

Pres; and Mgr ; Carl Becker, Sec. and Tn 

Marietta Guards, O N. G., were mustered into th< 3tal Guards on Apr. 
19, 1900 as Com B, of the Seventh S talion. with 65 men 1 

arc .1 H. Hovey. Capt ; J C. Wat-en. 1st Lieut; C. !■'• Ketl d Lieut,; 

Theo. Polger, 1st Sergt, 


Petroleum Interests. 

I I.OW INd Oil V, I.I.I 

A history <>f this Beotion would be • 
incomplete without devoting considerable 
space to the well developed and eon-tantly 
extending oil interests of thle vallev By a 
By stem of ancient vats, found some 2i> ft in 
depth iu the alluvial deposits along Oil 

.<. Pa., the timbers of which w< 
thoroughly saturated by petroleum and pre- 
served by it. historians and geologists be- 
tieve thai evidence Is here found thai it. was 
used in quantities by the "Mound Builders," 
perhaps several thousands of years ago. 
Sine.' the earliest advent of the whites the 
asy Quid has been oolleoted by the In- 
dians and used as a mediolne. it was called 
Senacaoil, from the tribe most active Id its 
distribution, bul early In the century deriv- 
ed Its scientific name from peter— a -' 
and oifiim — oil. 

I irly Strike. — While boring for 
on Duck Creek Noble Co. O., some 25 miles 
from Marietta, in 1814, an oil well was found 
depth of it.", ft. evidently In the Dunk- 
ard Band) which flowed several barrels a day, 
hut it-* value was unrecognized At Muskin- 
gum, O. in 1819, another well was found but 
being considered a nuisance it was allowed 
to run to waste forseveral years. Dr. 3. P 
Hlldreth, an old time historical writer of 
this pi ace (who erected the t hree-story in- irk. 
residence infi the courthouse in 1822 

and whose boo, Dr. Geo. O. Bildreth, born 
on these premises Nov it. 1812, still fre- 

■- our streets in writing about the Duck Creek well, in l- 
charges vasl quantities of petroleum or a- it is vulgarly called 'Seneka Oil', to 
out by a tremenduous gas :u)i1 la of no use for salt; nevertheless the oil Is being 
gathered for profit, is coming into demand for work-sbope and wil I Boon for 

Lighting the streets of Ohio cities " Had his advanced ideas been followed up this 
great industry would not have lain pracl ically dormant for 33 years thereafter In 

1836, Dr. H. reported that 50 to 100 bbls. wen ing collected each season in this 

vicinity ami -aid the Duck Creek well was still producing a burr l eacn week A 
rich flow was found at Burksvilie, Ky. in 1829, which mighthave made millions for 
its owner had he recognized Its worth. This was allowed to run to waste in the 
Cumberland river until it became ignited and spread destruction in its wake, ter- 
rorizing the people for many miles around who looked upou It as a Sodom and 
Gomorrah retribution. 

The Creel Well. —A Mi-. Lemon in boring for salt at Flint Run on Buj 
river, W. Va, in 1844, struck oil at 100 ft. As its com mere ia value was recognized 
he arranged a, Byphon to run off the water and Bave the oil, about a barrel a day, in 
the tank As he had a lease for salt only, B. W. Creel whoowoedtbe land sued for 
recovery and was given possession of the oil well by the courts. Bos worth v. 
& Co.. who commenced general jobbing in Marietta in i s l<i. secured tirst refusal on 
the product and for fifteen years wore the largest dealers in petroleum of whom we 
find record. Their account books are still intact, in the W >ck, 161 Front 

Btreet, and from which our compiler finds that the price paid to Creel up to 1856 
was 33 cents a gallon, subsequent to which it came up to I 1 ' cents on account of the 
increasing demand. The Marietta jobbers shipped thesame principally to wh 
sale druggists, from the Mississippi river to the Atlantic coast, realizing 50 to ,;| i 
cents a gallon, while the retail price was nearly double that amount D. Jayne & 
Son of Philadelphia, and other patent medicine maker-., pun-based direct from B. 
\V. & Co. as it was largely used In vermifuge, Mustang and Arabian liniments In a 
few places it was also gaining popularity as an illumlnant. Mr. Creel in fifteen 
years— 1845 to 1860— realized over $20,000 in cash from his well which was doing 
about LOO bbl>. per year. After a short time the Byphon was discarded and 
usual process, of wringing it out from saturated blankets, resorted to. 

Large OU Develop- 
ments. Late in 1858, Col. I. 
G. Drake of Tltusville, I 'a. 

commenced boring distinct 
for oil, using the spring i" i 
plan. lie eneountered roc 

and drilling was very bIov 
A for six months his frionr 
ridiculed hi- tenacity but h 

persisted in the work an 
- ii. 1859, at a depi 

of Tift, was rewarded for h 
Bearcb and opened to tt 
world an indust rv wh ieh hi 

circled the globe. ThiS We 

yielded about ten bbls p< 
day and the product Bold :■ 
.".."> cent- a gallon. < treat e> 
citement prevailed and Pi 

farms on the < >il (reck li il 

which had not been const* 
er< d wort h paying ta ses oi 
iehl from Sll 0,000 to SI 
000,000; but a.- numerou 
other wells wei e Boon drilled 

In, th price declln- I IS1 ON GREKNK. .11 IA loik'IM. 

ed from $13 per bbl. in I860, to 81.68 in 1862. From 3,051 3 in '',-_> th,. produc- 

reased in '63 to 2,611,309 and In '64 r ached but 2,116,109 bbls, not with- 

i ' 

ling the < i As refining had produced a 

for the illumioant, with scarcity the prices began to ascend, and in '65 as high ;i> 
alized, since which it ha Bferent times to as 

1 cents, the usual average having been bel and two dolla 

The Productions —From 2.113 609 bbls In 1861, the Pa field n ;ulual 

increase (excel reaching the acme of 33,009,236 in 
which it declined, until'99 Bhowed but 14,000,000 bbls and its productions ;»' pr< 
is scarcely equal to the 1 1 « - 1 « 1 within a radius of fifty miles of Marietta Prom Pa 
alone nearly 6 ped in fortj years, and the New York 
field adjoining B ad has hundred million more In w. Va. the R 
bone Bros, well, which bad been opened in \*\-. while boring fo Burning 

Springs, was reopened for oil in i860 At ;i depth of I 1 '-" ft. it made 100 bbls. daily 
and a second ■■■ ft. Bowed 10 bbls. per hour, Some northern I at to 

the Bcene, but the secession war-cloud thickening in the winter of 1860-1, operations 
atly checked, in 1863 the Confederate Gen. Jones raided the place and 
burned up 300 000 bbls of oil and all the rigs, rhe total W. Va. production, for 30 
\far-. 1859-88 was but 1,783,448 bbls or an average of about 150, per year 

Dhe runs from the Bradford pipe lines to May 1900, have been 191 Hfi 

2l,l26w< b havine been drilled at a &40.000, I, of which less than 10 

per cent were unproductive. The adjacent Allegany Held has produced 33,000,000 
bbls. from f,259 wells. 

The .Marietta Field.— Although the first noted paying oil well, the Creel on 

Hughes river, W Va . was but 35 miles from here and its product principally mark- 

from this city, regular deyelopment was delayed till the fall of 1859, when ;t 

Btripof land two rod- wide fronting on Duck creek, a half mile below Manksburg, 

as< d for 99 years; for this $100 was to be paid in ten yrs, provided oil was found 
in the mean time, otherwise to revert to the owner. James Dutton, Alden T. War* 
ren, and John Smithson commenced drilling where a show came to the surface and 
out 60 ft. Btruck oil of 28 gravity, which was carted ten mile- to Lowell and 
Bhipp< • Pittsburg. The next well was drilled by Peter McLaren, the 
monument maker Of Marietta, and other-, and proved to he nearly a dry hole. In 
Feb. 1861, Win. Naylor, Moffitt Dye, Geo. S. Bosworth and D. E Newton, all of the 
Marietta Bucket factory, Becured pon the farms of IJriah and Sumner 

A gas Bpring t here had for some time i n utilized for Lighting and beating purpos- 

: a well )>nt down near this Bpot, at 150 ft . struck a fifty barrel u r ait per. lay. 

****.. *£ 


.tod a< -•►<< 

l-'WON I AM) |> ARK. 

was 20 miles from Macksburg field and bul nine miles to Marietta, to which 

ii was brought by waeons. Che Greathouse well and several others were put 
down in Morgan Co. in 1863 and operations have continued there ever since. As 
Marietta was the first commercial centre In petroleum a large Bhare of its cii 
nave at some time been interested in oil, and the operal tion for forty miles 

or mi y tributary to this city. Up to 186-1 the oil outpul in i 

averaged less than fifty bbls. a day, hue speculation then started rife and yar 
compa K 100,000 wen The spi was laid aside and 

nvoice shows a purchase of ten lOhp boilers at a co 1.000. The Bi 

Co. p ten sets of drilliog tools while the New Jersej Oil Co. bought tv 

sets and seventeen engines. The Bergen Co. failing to meel its paper, a judermenl 

1,179 was andsheriffJ A. Bicks of Washington Co. bo 

the Newton well from time to time till the claim was satisfied. Ln 18<>5, al 
from our courthouse steps, he received $15.25 per bbl. Isaac Perkins, James White, 
John and James Eervey, in Nov. >ek oil in I kard Band ai i 

depth and found a I >bl Bowing well, which continued to be a g I producer 

The total productions al i ow Run, from only one square mile in 

have reached a million bbls. Thissand is the one in which all paying wells 
wesl ofthe Muskingum river are found until the Corning pool ia reached, which is 
in Berea gril The producing wells of Volcano, Cairo, and Burninp Springs, W. \'a. 
are all in the NO. 12 conglomerate strata, but there are very few Ohio producers in 
this sand. 


The above illustrated borne of Col J. B. Riley is well named as it issurround- 
od by an orchard o and other fruits covering about fifty acres. The borne 

was built by the present owner 1895-6 on the summit of the hill adjoining Fairview 
Beights, our west aide Buburb, and i- not only a handsome house on all sides but is 
favored with the most healthful and p irroundings and the colonel may 

well feel proud of Orchard Place whicl perior In this vicinity. 

The School Mouse Well tn 1869 paying - found alt 
. ( , ti,r bewu- i ' ow '* 1111 in Lawrence tp. ibis county and the 
tn tense one-fourth of an acre on one-third royalty. A well was 
i depth of 594 ft. As tin- too - dropp 
k covered witl e on one side was brought up, this la call- 
crevice well. [1 Bowed Borne 17. I bbls. the bringing 163,000 one- 
third of which went to the cause of < it ha- never been Bhoi orcleaned 
and Btill contii : "■'' month, the school b( 
for the first four months of 1900, on one-eighth rovalty. Judge L. W. Chamber 
an old resident of Marietta, who ha- for many years been a 'all owner in this well 
, a more than enough to run th< pumps and provide fuel 
and lights for the pumper's family. 

Great Hnds -Among the most celebrated wells of tne Blxtles were the I 
of Pa, which flowed more than atimeand the Noble well 

which brought forth over 500, In a Bingle year. Twenty y< ars later a 2 ■" bbl. 

well was Btruck in the Cherry Grove pool [n two months there were a -core of 
wells within a radius of half a mile that were going a thousand bbls each bul 
pool was soon run dry and the territory abandoned. There have been numerous 
other great finds, but none equal to the Macdonald pool of Washington, Co, Pa 

where a 13, bbl well was struck and productions from the deep sand there ran 

as high as 85.000 bbls. per day for a time. The Hammond Whiteklnd farm three 
miles below Marietta, gave a well which flowed i ,000 bbls the first day and 830,000 

within two months, rhe Macksburg field reached 15.000 bbls In 1886, Brown 
.•. Boas, of Parkersburg, opened the rich oil pool at Eureka in 1889, Belmont at- 
tained 125 000 bbls. in 1891; Cor nine its highest in 1894; and at Sistersville, the 
Pole I at well on the Keener farm -truck the ''Big Injum" sand In i v •::. the produc- 



* ill I « '• 
- v 

*'■?£ I * 



USE . » 

r> v 

Bl m SI Rl i.i SCI M JUL\ 18, loot). 

tion9 later attaining a maximum of 600,000 bbls. per month which has since a> 

Present Output —Within fifty miles of Marietta there are 8,000 wells, givine 
above a million barrels per month. The greater part of these are Less than 
half that distance from this city which Is the natural centre of productions. The 
oil found here is of a superior grade, ranking nexi to the Ti<m;i brand which 
brings the highest price. Thousands of acres of good prospects -till remain unde- 
veloped, but experienced operators are hustling the drill in ;i careful manner as 
the business has long Bince passed the spe :ulative stage and presents ;i legitimati 
field for industrial enterprise, backed by some capital, acute tad and go 

Tne Sands. — To the amateur <>r even to the experienced operator the names 
and position of sands are very confusing, but when correctly located considerable 

- is put upon the geological formations as indications for paying oii territory. 
The strata whili comparatively remaining intact, make a series of waves, antlclin- 
als, dips and depressed convolutions, which can only be fully described by a 
thorough geologist; but leaving out technical terms we shall give below approxi- 
mate measurements to the different -amis encountered. In many places a stratum 
is thinned down or intermingles with others ami tin- distance from the Pittsb 
coal measure, (which we shall take as a starting point . to the Buffalo, Dunkard, 
Big [njun, or Berea -and- varies in different Localities, from 100 to 3on ft., and the 
following deductions are given as approximates only. Perhaps more confusion has 
been made upon tin' Cow Run sand than any other. This has been passed up or 

d at the whim of the driller and named 1st, 2nd, or 3d as suited his convenience. 

:i\ erage distance from Pittsburg coal to Buffalo or 1st Cow Kun sand is I'm) ft. 
and to Dunkard or '_'ml Cow Kun 600 to '00. About another 100 ft. down, in certain 
sections a sand is found, which has been named 3d Cow Kun or Macks burg Too, and 
descending another 100 ft- Macksburg 800 or upper salt sand is found, of 100 ft or 
more in thickness and ranging 1 100 to 1300 ft. below Pittsburg coal. Following this 
is the No. L2 Conglomerate, combining White <>ak. Burning Springs, Cairo and 
Max ton fields of W. Va.) and in places where the first salt sand is no*, found th 
known as the salt Band. Where the two are divided by a shale stratum they are 
called upper and lower salt sands. These vary in thickness from 100 to 300 ft. and 
are followed by limestone and -late of 100 to 150 ft. when the Big Injun -and of 50 to 
200 ft. is struck. The upper stratum of this is known locally as the Keener eand, 
from a large well on the Keener farm neat- Sistersville having been found in it, 
while the lower portion, particularly when separated from the upper by a e 
sttatum, i- called the Squaw sand. Descending from this 200 to 300 ft. of black 
slate is encountered before the [Wea tr r i t is reached, at about lTon ft. The Buffalo 
-and is approximately 2 ifj below Pittsburg coal, Dunkard 600, Salt 1050 to 1150. Big 
Injun 1300, B irea grit 1600 to 1700 In BO me places the strata are thinned down and 
the distances materially shortened a- at Sistersvllle the Keener horizon i- Less than 
1150 ft. below Pittsburg coal, and each locality is essentially a law unto Itself. In 

the Joy and Chester Bill district of Morgan Co. the wells i imenca from 200 to 100 

ft. below the Pittsburg coal horizon, so that oil has been found there in several in- 
stances, with li in 100 ft of the surface, but on the hills from 200 to 500 ft. is 
required to find first pay. Going east and Bouth the rock dips Boms 20 ft. to the 
mile and the present active drilling finds pay -and. of about 30 f t. average thickm -- 
at SOo to tin i ft. The Dale property at .loy had nearly a -core of wells drl 
75 to 80 feet in depth. 

To sumn Btrata in brief, we cannot give a table above criticism, for 

each oil man's log brings a different experience, but as approximates we give the 
following descending measurments from Pittsburg coal, to the top of the stratum 
named: Shale 10 ft., limestone 10, Morgantown sandstone 60, red -hate 120, crinoi- 
dal limestone 150, Bu d 200, Brushereek coal and -hale 240, Cambi 

limestone 260, ro<i -late 280, Mahoning -ami-tone 300, upper Freeport coa 
lime.-tone 360, -hale 380, Freestone sand-tone 120, shale IT.">. Kittanlng coal 500, 
shale and gravel 510, No. 5 coal 550, -hale 560, Dunkard sand 600, grey -ha e 650, 
gravel and shale 855, M g 800 sand at 950, black shale 1025, Conglomi 

-and 1050, shale 11 irboniferous limestone 1175, shale 1200, limestone 1220, 

shale 1240, Bin Injun 1250, Squaw 1425, Cuyahoga shal< 1450, black Bha • : 


grit 1700. Bedford Bhale 1750. Thirty Foot sand 2020, Gordon sand 2050, Fourth Band 
8110, Fifth or Macdonald band 2180, Sixth (Elizabeth or Bavard gas Band) 22£ 

Pittsburg coal. The Cordon or doop sand under various names given 

e, as a producer has been traced from Washington Co. Pa. to Wei el Co. W. 
\';i. where it apparently lost Its oleaginous value The Bame Btratum has been 
found in this county but was dry. In Bearch for this lost trace of oil a well was put 
down at Mannington, W Va. i 500 ft. or more than three-fourths of a mile in depth. 

ow Run one was drilled 2,600 and another at McConnelsyille •'! •.'(>() ft. 

Refining Petroleum has been found in X Y., Pa , Ohio. ,v . Va., Kan . T< •■. 
Cal.. < 01.. Uyo . Canada and in Borne foreign countries, the wells ranging from 100 
■ in' depth. It- Bpecific gravity runs from 28 to 64 degrees and exci pting 
for medical purposes it never would have gained a wide commercial value without 
the separation of it- different qualities by distils tion. As shown In a former art 
the commercial history of petroleum dates back to the first quarter of the 10th cen- 
tury, hut the refining process practically commenced at the middle. In the Kan- 
awha valley over 100 bbls. of crude oil was being Bold In l s "><> and in various p 

ries were started aboul thai time to distil it from the r hale or coal which in 
some Bpots were saturated with it A well bored for -alt ai Coalpori near Pomeroy, 
- it. produced oil, Bome of which was Benl to Samuel Kier of Pittsburg who used 
It in the manufacture of a liniment but it proved 0' light gravity and 100 Infi 

1 imeron, a chemist of 620 Liberty Btreet. undertook 
to distil It aod on the first experiment had an explosion. Be next tried the farira 

- and succeeded in dividing the white oil from the heavier gi 
Mi- Kier then had a still made and in a -mail way commenced the first scientific 
separation of petroleum products, whioh has led to Its general use not 
mediclm eanser and light llluminant In benzine, a common 

light around the world in white oil, an excellent lubrioant In heavier grades, vasa- 
m wax, etc . In it- many com ni' ■ re ia I foi'in-. The extended use of stills 
and great refineries, in whioh million- 0! now Invested, would have 

ary but for the advenl of the drill and large wells found in I861 
eed In g years. Prior to this howeveran oil distillery was started 00 Wl 

Len miles from '•' by the late Geo. M Woodbrldge and others, v. huh 

llumlnanl that sold In this olty for 11.25 per gallon. A.t Richie, w. 

Va., a largely capitalized company w ed about the same time, to distil it 

from the crevice coal which is found there in such abundance. By I860 the annual 
productions o! distilled oil had reached 200,000 gallo 

Geo. Rice commenced operations in th<' W. Va. field in L866 and six years 
r moved to Marietta. Be was interested in Macks burg development and pui 
chased the refining business of Chas W. Leonard here about 1877, continuing t, 
operate the same for nearly twenty years, since which time il fcias lain dormant 
See i rlobe < >il ( !o 


On other pages we have 
given a retrospect of the 
oil developmeuis In this 
sect ion, which makes suffi- 
cient inducement for the 
location of Bolid refining 
interests. The A rgand re- 
i nery was started by Mari- 
etta capital ists i ariy in t he 
developmentof this section. 
1 1 il ill a successful business 
For a number of j eai 
was finally purchased by 
i he standard and the plant 
removed. The < I lobe Oil 
Co., Geo Rice principal 
proprietor, purchased the 
I <eoaard plant and also con- 

a refining bus 
here for a number of years, 
hut after a long fight 
TEHPORARY QUARTERS. HOSE CO. No. 2. against Bharp competition 

discontinued refining, but still holds tin- decaying works. 

About a year -inc.' the Webster Oil Co. was organized, with a capital of 

- i0,000 which has since been increased to $250, C. D Webster, formerly 

Boston, is Pres and M'g'r and C. B. Ballard of Marietta, Treas. The plant co 
some 1 1 acres of ground between the I? & ( >■ S. W., and the < >hio River, a half mile 
below the mouth of the Muskingum. I'ho plant has a spur of the Ry. run' 
through it.- entire width, and a sub-way under the bbl. house to the river fn 
This building with the wax plant is 106x130 ft., two-stories and basement and is \ ery 
completely fitted. The boiler house is fitted with a large engine and three boilers 
with aggregate capacity of 300 bp The pump house is made bre-proof and contains 
seven pumps connecting with the various receiving tank-, [n the gasoline ho 
naptha go< - through the deodorizing process to tit it for commercial use. The 
works are of large capacity and turnout the different grades of Illuminating and 
lubricating oils, a- well a- napthas, gasoline, paraffine wax, etc. The buildings are 
constructed In a most substantial manner, the works fitted with its own 
light, and experts pronounce It equal to the best refineries In this country. W 
it- many ornamental brick and stone buildings, and scores of tanks, boilers and 
stills the Wei ster ( >il Co.'s plant pr< sents an at tractive app< arance and Is an impor- 
tant factor in Marietta'- prosperity. See illustration on opposite paj 

Pipe Lines Soon after large wells were opened It became apparent to 
men that some mean- imi-i be invented to overcome the expensive process of haul- 
ing it over abominable roads, and when pipe lines had once been inaugurated they 

ime indispensable for successful competition In the business The W 
i i! sportation Co. in 1868, laid a two Inch pipe from Cow Run to the mouth of Hells 
Run on the I >hio, five and a half miles, where the Cow Run Iron Tank Co proi 
a 10,000 bbl. reservoir near the fiver bank, In which Btorage could be I i stip 

ulated price, but each patron was charged monthly with a heavy shrinkage and 
when the oil was held for a year or two it absorbed all the capital: so we find a 
recorded in the Washington Co. courts, where a man was sued foi r hi> 



dil bad technically evaporated. In 1885, ;i second line was laid by Geo. Rice of 
Marietta, from the Macksburg field to Lowell on tbe Muskingum, which was In use 
for several j ea rs 

The Buckeye Pipe Line Co., was organized In 1883 at Maokaburg, l) J. 
O' Day. having been ohceen as superintendent With the steady Increase of busi- 
i, — this }»ci nine an important part df the oil transportation Bystem and the head- 
for < Mi io were established at Lima with Mr. < >' Day as general superintend- 
ent, while general offices are maintained in New York. The Marietta field Is In 
oharge of Kelson Moore, who was for many years connected with this trade in War- 
ren, McKeac, and Butler counties of Pa , coming to thisoity seven years »l:<>. sine.' 
which time bis uniform courtesy and good judgmenl have won for him many friends 
in Marietta D. T. McEtov, for ten years cashier ai this office Is a native Mariettian 
and graduate of her high school. I . P. Speary, agenl and oil buyer for the pipe 

Line la from Mackaburgand t d with the company from Its start. The oonaolidat- 

ed lines have paid out for labor Id this field over three million dollars, for oil and 
supplies many millions more. There are 30 pumping Btations In this field and per* 
baps 2500 miles of pipe line. 

I lie Eureka offices are found a1 109 Seoond -t. and with the Buckeye and 
■ bern I o. form the consolidated tines from the sea-board to Chicago the >ystem 

Covering an outlay <>f untold million.-- and handling a very lar^e percentage of the 

petroleum production. 

Our 3 pace is bo limited that we cannot attempt to give ;i record of all the pro- 
era in this field, but will mat otesofsomeof the leading operators and 

[opera connected wil b Mariel ta oil nterests. 

U. S Oil Co. — Among th< Large independent producers, the above company 

-Li ml- well to the front, but as Ita beadquartera i- at Parkersburg, (a rival oil '•'■li- 
tre, it- manager declares that be haa no interest in Marietta and declines to verify 
our statistics. We are credibly informed that the U. S. has about forty producing 
wells in this county, and altogether 200 or more in surrounding fields. W. J, Kirk- 
wood of Marietta is the field superintendent at this i 

E. Clark. Jr. u native of Crawford Co., Pa, for 23 yeara past in oil op 
tions, stands well in the front rank of successful producers here. Be camel M 
burg in this county seventeen years since and later made headquarters at Mar 
With various partners Mr. Clark own- more than * hundred good producing w 
nine- tenths of which arc in Washington county- i ] ome five Btrings of tools 

in active operation and Marietta owes much to his enterprise in building the Nor- 
wood hotel, a leading spirit In the Acme Brick Works, and numerous other enter- 
prises in and around this city. 

William Reader Is the leading operator oo Newell's run, twelve miles from 
this city. Be drilled the Laing well on the Coal land.- atMacksburg, in 1883, opei 
up the present start of productions there and haa been a pioneer developer In sever- 
al other paying fields. Mr. Reader own- 160 acre-, in fee, of producing terri- 
tory, on which nearly thirty wells are pumping and he haa leases oh over 260 
acres additional upon which are more than twenty producing wells Be has been 
thirty years in the business, the latter half of which has been -pent in this county. 
Be make- hi- headquarters at Marietta and runs several Btrings of tools. Mr. 
Reader is the president of the Ohio Valley Wagon Co. and otherwise largely inter- 
i in Marietta's upbuilding. 

The Boston oil Co. adjoins the Km pi re on the south side am! is also opi 
ing in what i- hoe known a- the First Cow Bun Sand, [twas organized In 1896 
with a capita 000, and owns 1,000 acre- of developed territory upon which 

area producing wells. This company also hold- leases upon a large sur- 

rounding acreage which is undeveloped. Its venture- so far have proven very suc- 
cessful, having less than ten per cent dry hol< - and the average production being 10 
per well. I ston Oil Co. is operating five strings of tools, its lease being 

wit hin ten mile.- of Marietta, where it hold- offices In the Wells Blk. J. Payson 
Bradley, Pres.; Arthur R. ; ; Edw. E. Allen, Treas : all of Boston. v\ S 

Gracey, a native of Marietta, and 10 year- in the oil business, is Gen. Supt. I 
company finds a show of oil and heavy gas in the Berea Grit formation and when 
■isary will pipe the gas to Marietta for manufacturing | i The Empire 

and Giendale oil companies are ad joining and 

The Cumberland Oil Co was chartered in July 1899, at Portland, Me., with 

a capital stock of I to operate in Oh io Tl fficers are Geo, P. Wesi 

Pres.; J. G Shaw, "\ P.; Geo r West, Treas: B. C Lord, Gen. Mgr.; and 11. I-:. 
Smith. Asst. Mgr. Mr. Lor le oil operator, coming to this p 

years au r " and a yai msummatlng '!"■ above organization, which runs 

3 of tools and is activeh oping the mineral resources 

of this section, owning a number of productive well-. B. E smith, who served for 
eight years as principal of the Marietta High School, in 1897 engaged with J. A. 

Lovell to follow up the lead of the Joy farm vein ami they with Others drilled u 
score of wells to locate it. Persistent effort finally brou - tind the forma- 

tion of the above company of which tl.ev are members. 'I'M* corporation ba- - 

kith by its works and accomplished much for this s?^*toi by continuo 
timely efforts in active developments. Tl are at No. 

all receive a cordial weloome. 

The Pierpoint Oil and (Jas Co. We design to mention the leading 
d this section ami among them Is th< '■ s - Pierpoint, Pn s 

of the St Cloud Hotel aod ha come a partner in the Worrall Grocery 

sander, i- Sec.-Treas. while I leo. B. A li sender and Geo. S Hammeit 
are partners In I be o iccerc. The company ho ol 300 acres of good oil ter- 

ritory and have some ten wells pumping while the drill is hunting For more. Th< 
tract is In Ritchie Co. W. Va., where pay is found in the Salt Sand at 1,500 to 1,800 ft.. 
according to elevation. Every development ol this kind adds its mite to the con- 
tinued prosperity of Marietta. 

M. S. Isherwood.— I Vrhap- no man In the oil business more thoroughly un- 
- the various fields than the above named. He began active work bod 
■ and after making a careful Btudy of the various sands and nay indical 
about 5 year6 lab r, commenced leasing and handling oil territory, in which field he 
has met with greal bucc< bs. Be has i d a number of very large transactions 

and numerous producers owe their Buccec felons given to them by Mr. 

[shei wood, lb' hold- large options in the country back of St. Mary's, is interested 

o and In the Marietta field. Late in 1899 he purchased eight producing wells 
and territory from the Norris Farm Oil Co. at $55,000 and has Bteadily continued to 
drill on thai lease < thai hi- daily productions there range about 150 

bbls. Numerous pn Bpectors and operatoi - in this field daily Beek the office of M. S. 
Isherwood audio., 115 Front St., Marietta, for competent advice in oil develop- 
ments. This firm has under lease over 1,000 acres in the productive Ohio fields and 
hold- good royalties In the Boley farm back of St, Marys and other parts of VV. Va. 

J. P.Laing commenced operating in the Penn'a Oil field in 18H8, and fifteen 
years later was a leader in opening the Macksburg district for the Bereasand. A 
little later he assisted In opening the coal lands and in company with others has 
drilled more than 100 wells in the Mack-burg field. He put down the second prod 
in the Corning district and Is now actively engaged in the Athens field, owning in- 
- a! Ms ska irg, Newell's Run, Gloucester, and in W.Ya. Having about 50 pro- 
ng wells he Is -till running several strings of tools and with 16 years headquart- 
ers at Marietta has distributed quite a fortune in this vicinity. 

D. A. Cameron has now some 15 producing wells in the Chester Hill district 
with an output exceeding 100 bbls, per day. Mr. Cameron has some 5,000 acres 
under leae his test developments cover several farms. In a Bteadily produc- 

ing vein, a competency Is assured, lie runs from three to five Btrings of tools, 
makes h b business quarter- at the St. Cloud Hotel, and Is one of I »rs in 

Marii I ta'a Buccess. 

The National Supply Co., with headquarters at Toledo <>., and Pittsburg, Pa.. 
[a a consolidation ol the old National Supply Co., Hue key Supply Co., Union Supply 

3haw, Kendall^ Co , and other smaller concerns It was Incorporated in ■ 
and the present capital stock and surplus Is $1,500,000. [t has branch Btores in ev- 

TU r/vA A". 

I i "i\t Street, between Putnam and Butler. 




r ^- 


ery oil region in tin- United States, aggr< gating >u or mon Tne officers are .1 . L. of Toledo, Pres.; II. M. Wile •-tun--. V. P.; Wm. Hardee, 'J'' 

W. C. Hillman, Gen. Mgr.; J. H. Barr, Sec. The Marietta ati re was o 
July 1895 under the management of John Kaiser who for Bix years prior, was with 
the < >il Well Supply < o , and is among the mosl active developers of Mari< ti 
prises. Geo, B Byssen is the efficient and active field man of this vicinity. The 
genera] ware bouse, which is owned by Gracej and Kaiser, is located at 134 Second 
along the Penn. R. R. tracks. Thee. i ware bouses and the 

pipe yards, covering several acres, lie along the Bame tracks between sixth ami 
Seventh Sts The principal factories of the company are located at Toledo, Pitts- 
burg and Buffalo The Marietta bouse can furnish any article n< i ded bj o 
gas water and 9 team fixtures and assists in making this an important centre for oil 

Oil Well Supplj Co. rhe Eaton, C B i were among 

to endeavor to meet ail the requirements in drilling I is pipe, etc for oil men. 

1 1 was incorporated in 1877 as the Oil W< rid th< capital -tuck at pres- 

00 000, with headquarters al Pittsburg, [t has probably half a hundred 
d manufactor red throughout the oi - The oft!i 

John Baton, Pres.; Kenton Checkering ami I'.. T Ho - Brown, 

Treas.; J.C Pa m< r, 3ec. L. P. Hill, I N ' en with the com- 

pany and in 1890 took charge of the store her,-, which is located in the 

1 1 We ha\ e to 

i at the O furnishes everything in supplies for oil and 

- pipe-lines, refiner is, and wal one of th- 

in making Mar oil men i i on. 


Clinton ami Pearl Bts. The tii-m ha- located Lis fine six room it 132 

arge ware-houses and manufacturing departments 
-r it has a private switch connected with the yards and war 
from which ea*y connection is made with all the railroads, rbe manufacturing de- 
partment Is devoted entirely to producing high grade lubricating, cylinder, engine, 
dynamo and L r a- engine oils and machine greasi 

T. C. Linger has i> sen connected with the company for the past tin-. 

booK-keeper and is assisted by Oren Moore as stenographer. Charles Hyler has 

geof the manufacturing department and has had Long experience in this line of 

work. The Crescent Supply Co. is represented on the road by •' C.Walker, E. R. 

Heermans, W. B.Canterbury, and C. 8. Lucas, who look after the extensive and 

if the firm in Ohio, W. Va. and adjacent states. 

The Ohio Valley Supply Co. was organized Jan. L, 1900, with a capital si 
i, for furnishing everything demanded by operators and producers, 
. Westermac .\ Detlor Co., who had conducted a general machine -hop 
Che company purchased alot fronting on Third St , near the Ohio River, 
Igo, Machine and blacksmith Bhops warehouses and other buildings have 
, erected, making a complete Bupply plant. Some 15 men are given employ- 
- are W. E. I> itlor, Pres.; M. J Peters, V. P.; K. I'. Bowe, a 
: w. ii \v, Bterman, ( ren, Mgr. 

Marietta Torpedo Co. — A- continued oil developments in this oity n< 
prompt supplies the above partnership was formed Id 1897 by a. J. Bankson and 
others '" : " tl a mai i i rlne Explosives The company at 

went Into a good trade and I i illshed branch offices at Malta. Corning. Woods- 

Hill, Cairo, Parkersburg, Sistersville, and St. 

- \\ . Va. li ■ ■■ an\ where within a radius of 100 a 

reoelTee prompt attention and latest methods in Bhootlng are observed. The main 

ii the Register block as our Illustration Inadver- 
tent ■■■■ two miles above town. a. J. Bankson has 
lonj k oil field, coming from Warren to Marietta, three 
illsh thin business. X. Frauds Bee -Treas. resides in ritusyille, 
• it comes hi re i ach month to check up accounts. This firm adds it- mite with 
others In the ind In making this p aoi a \ i ir I 


rtilliken & French, manufacturers of Ditro-glycerine torpedoes, is an incor- 
porated firm with the main office rsville, W. Va. The officers are 

cch Pres.; J. B. Milliken, V. P.; w. G. Agnew, Sec.-Treas The Marii 
branch office is located al hit Greene St. and gives employment to some 15 men. 
The average business In the Marietta field runs from 75 to LOO shots per month, 
using an aggregate of more than 25 tons of this powerful explosive per year, w I 
Lb principally manufactured near Belmont, O Mr. French has been handling tor- 
pedos continuously for 25 years, and Mr. Millik - ngaged in it- manufac- 

ture only two years less Wl lie il is very generally consider azardous 

occ 1 1 >;it ion, these gentlemen look upon ii as coming in the regular lino of duty and 
are inured to the daily acquaintance of this dynamic force, with the graceful ease 
of the snake charmi i ik Davidson is a trusted employe and head -hoot. 

the company In the Marietta field. The firm furnishes any thing in th< 
line, covering the field from Pittsburg to Parkersburg. 

Eureka Torpedo Co.— Marietta is an imports for torpedo operal 

and the above com pan} was formed June 1898. The shells an and 

county and the factory is al Duck Creek about three miles above Marietta where 

fVfcie nOAoouanii avnlnoina ic mannfontn I ar%A l-..i.t l w> .,,,.... t ;♦;. . nfflniAnl t.. .. 

ounty and the factory is al Duck Creek about three miles above Marietta where 
bis necessary explosive is manufactured and kept in quantities sufficient to meet 
be immediate demands. The president of the Eureka is vv. E Goodrich, superin- 
tendent of the Southern Oil Co ; J-. P. Mclntire, treasurer i* engaged in oil pro 
Ingand real estate: while E E. Delp, manager is from Penn'a but all are now iden- 
tified with the upbuilding of Marietta and pay out liberal sums for wages and 
material, thereby contributing towards the city's cont nued prosperity. Thi 
is on the ground floor at 209 Greenest, where any order in th 
promptly Httenripd to 

\\ 11.11 A MS H>\\ \ ACkO.s.S llti; OHIO. 

I Me Leidecker rool Co.. who-,, plant i.- located on Second st. between I • <■ 
ami Butler, dates from Jan. 23, 1891, when It was Incorporated under the lav. 
W. Va To-day its products are known all over the southwest oil developments, 

and even in the Pennsylvania oil fields. Thecompany bas r nty made Bhipm 

to California and foreign countries It employ.-, over 75 bands, mostly Bk 
blacksmiths and machinists. The < quipment include* the most modern api 
for thi- line of work. The equipment Includes five large steam hammers, one of 
them, weighing 53, company bas a branch piani al S -•• rsville W. \'a 

for repairing drilling und fishing tools, the work- there affording employ mei 
about 15 men. It a h shops at Mannington and Sa'em, W. V*a. Ii i 


Illustration on page 55 shows the city's new Bigh School in process <>f build- 
Log. This will have a handsome Bedford stone front on Soammel Bl ami the bides 
will be of pr — d brick trimmed in Greenfield Limestone, the structure oosting 

■ 'i The basement, besides closets, beating and ventilating apparatus, 

will contain office rooms for the board of education and capacity for a in. him) volume 
library, in addition to Physical Culture Hall and Class rooms. The first floor has 

five olass r ns and the superintendent's office, which Is connected bj electric bells 

and speaking tube with each teacher's room The second door bas two recitation 
room-, Physical and Chemical La boratories, and b Large auditorium which will -cat 
• 800. The Bl -i with Bliding doocs and can be w~r<] as a recitation 

room If so needed Altogether this building will be an important addition to tl 
ncatlonal facilities '•' te in which her citizens feel a jusi pride 

Washington, Putnam and Willard have annex buildings, winch with Pike, 
oe and Fultonberg make 12 school buildings and when the new Figh School is 
completed will be fully adequate for the present need; bul with Marietta- rapid 
growth the board find it necessar\ toereel a new building nearly r\<r\ year 

the plant Ls the most comp - character in this section. The corporation 

comprises J J Leide< Bays, G. T. Braden, and L D. Shryook, the 

plan) ider the direction of the latter. '■ ntlemen a'e Influ- 

and have bad varied experiences in the oil fields, 
these works (v mportant measure to the name and fame of Mari- 

i •■rfor the manufacture of oil well BUpplies The plant 

Dtly been equipped with machinery for manufacturing casing elevators of all 
kin! onnected with the petroleum Interests. 


River (ias Co. — Natural gas coming to the surface at Burning Springs, W, 
Va and other places throughout the U. s. excited the amazemenl of the cui 
and - ouh before the Revolutionary War. Gen. Washington in locati 

military grant in ITT.",, se1 apart a square acre of land at the "burning Bpring" to be 
reserved for the pu bite forever. Capt. Jas. Wilson at Charleston W. Va., Btruck a 
ein while boring for a well In 1815 It was put in use ror fuel at Fredonia, N. 
if. in 1822 and in 1841 Wm Tompkins, while boring a salt-well at Burning Spr 
\V. Va., Btruck a vein which he used in evaporating salt water. Two y< 
Dickinson and Shrewsbury, near the same place, tapped a gas reservior at 1,000 ft. 
in depth, which forced a thousand pounds of auger poles and tools out of the ground 
ami made a Bait wat r. In the decade oi active oil developments em 

wa« allov -.i waste, to have furnished fuel for the entire country a year or 

more. When Its inestimable value a> fuel was learned and the ease with which ii 
maybe transported to metroplitan cities a hundred miles or more distant, in ] 
line-;, its commercial wortb was solved and booh it became one of the great factors 
in the industries of the oil regions The summit of secondary anticlinal waves ap- 
pear to be it- greatest Btore bouse, but mure or Less is found in every oil field, so 
that its formation i- believed to be intimately connected with that of oil. in the 
Earth's great laboratory. The River < .a- Co. is the result of the consolidation of the 
Mountain State Gas Co. and the Union Gas Co,, and ha- been in operation since 
1893. Nat Is supplied both a- an Llluminant and fuel, and as its mains ex- 

tend all over the city, od in use in nearly every residence and business 

house Many of the factories also use this cheap fuel. The gas comes from the 
local oil fields where it i- produced in abundance. P. L i Mar- 

letta office, at 305 Second st E. Strong is general manager at <> Citj ass 
by John Tonkin. 


The Harietta F : ue1 Co. wai a 18 y C. J. Van Valey and P P. 

Morse, 1". L* Alexander Later becoming a partner. In 1899 Mr. Morse sold his in- 
si to the other partners. The Fuel < \o. controls the output of Beveral mines and 
haod'es all thi Federal Creek coal that is used along the T 40 C Ex. Ry wee 
Marietta, and in the city. This Is an excellent eokeing grade ol bituminous coal, a 
strong heater particularly valuable for steam and domestic purpoeeB. 1'nder the 
Btj le of 

flarietta Plaster Co 
this Brm do. - a large cob 
tract work in house Bnisfa 
in^- Within the pr< 

the members of thi 
Brm under the Btj le of thi 
Marietta I 'laster < !o bavi 
purchased McMtllen's pal 
ent for i be Egypl iaa Ban 
Wall Pla-t.T-.' which i 
made from Virginia py| 
sum combined under a sup 
erior oh' m ical pn i 
wh ioh makes an ideal 5 nisi 
that will nut check or crack 
by ord Lnary means and re 
main- unaffected by tltm 
or the elements. This plas 
ter has mai'> advanl 
over the old Btylee am 
makes an excellent surfac 
for exposure or tor decoral 
ing. I'ii kiip pace with i t^- 

[ncrease the Plaster Co. hag r eceDt ] y purchased the J. C. Cone flour mill plant on 

tin- w< -i Bide illustrated herewith, an.! converted it into a plaster mill. Thi- gives 

ties for producing 200 sacks of hard wall plaster per da; and adds its m I 

output ofMarietta Both partners are natives of this county, Mr. 
\ an \ ,-ifiv having formerly been operator and ticket, agent here and Mr. Alexand- 
ditor of theT. & O C Ex. Ky. 

There are scores of oil prod uoers, operators, contractors, and various other 
Lines in thai Interest deserving of notice some of which will be mentioned in 
-• Tank builders will be noticed under wook-working industries. 

Manufacturing Interests. 

In prior pages we have described several Industrial interests directly oon- 
d wiih Petroleum and here we will make brief mention of iron, wood and other 
leading manufactories. Bach sua ding detail in these pages brings evidence re- 
garding the natural advantages and surroundings of this city, and taken as a n 
'' presents a preponderance of testimony in favor of establishing diversified lint 

Within a few years past the conditions have greatly improved. 

•'id-, good agricultural BUrrOundlngB, timber, lumber, hides, • 

'-. gypsum, and other raw material readily accessible and money easy to 

-no reason why a score of large industrial Institutions should not 

■ In the Qear future. < > ir oity fathers Bbould also make every reasonable 

I establishments already here as the large amounts which they 

disburse for « irds the permanent upbuilding of the place, and area 


IRON INDUSTRIES. Under "Petroleum Interests" the Leldecker Tool Co. 

impanies were given space, to -how what nil has done for Marietta: 

but the,,, also must i»- remembered a- belonging under the present section a- well. 

' ' ! ! 

M'" -'■ •) g ► M S i, ''is, r »* ' 



The A. T. Nye & Son Co. — A notable illustration, which demonstrates Mar- 

. - c aim that this is a superior point for manufacturing success, is found La the 

above concern. Ansel ra Tupper Nye was horn Nov. 9, 1797, in Campus Martius, and 

.-pent mosl of hi- life in furthering Interests com ted with this city. A foundry 

was started near the old Fori Sarmar site aboul L 829 and Its projectors -old out to 
A. T. Nye, Sr. in 1830. who associated with himself his brother Ichabod II. Nye and 
a nephew Rotheus Maynard, as A.. V. Nye & <'o. in 1854, the junior partners re- 
tired and A. T. Nye, Jr., born Dec IT, 1832, became associated with hi- father, the 
firm name changing to A. T. Nye & Son, the latter being the active partner from 
thence until his death Jan. 9. 1899. For many years he was president of the Citi- 

Nat'l B'k, and otherwise largely interested in the city's progress. Succet 
the death of A. T Nye, Jr . the A. T. Nye & Son Co. was Incorporated by his - 
G. L. Nye becoming President, H.. i'>. Nye, Treas.; and A. T. Nye, (3d), Buaii 
Manager, all native- of Marietta and grand bohs of the founder of the business. 

In 1866 the plant was removed to it- preseol site on the Point where it occu- 
pies an acre of ground, bounded by Muskingum, Post and Monroe -■-. The build- 
ings comprise a large foundry, pattern Bhop, store-rooms, offices, etc. and the spec- 
ialties produced arc the celebrated L< ader 8tov< - and ><■ el Ranges with all kinds 
of stove hollow- ware By prompt methods, honorable dealings, and the intrinsic 
value of its products this firm commands an extensive trade. Employment is given 
to an average of fifty skilled men, making a pay-roll of about &3.000 per month. 
Through the depressions within the past seventy years, this plant ha- never e. a-. , 
to :_ r i\ e employment to it- men and annually forward about the usual amount of _ 
to its customers. It has continued under a direct line of family descent since 
its financial integrity is unquestioned and the A. T. Nye a: Son Co. will doubtless 
remain in the future as in the past, In the front of Marietta's manufacturing sua 

The Marietta Manufacturing Co. was commenced Ln 1856 byW. I'. Robertson 

. and has b en operated as a foundry ever since under various firm name-. It 

took it- present title In 1890 and a year later was Incorporated with ca ik of 

The present officers are A.lla Wlnsor, Pres. and See; .1. ||. McConnell, 

Supt.; W. s. Dye, Treas. The worioe oo er aboul an acre of ground, fronting 


Port and Putnam ate. and extending back to Franklin 8 1 This is a complete foun- 
dry with pattern and machine shop and has madeaBingle casting which weighed 
ten ton>. The president Is a native of the count; and look* after the wholesale 
trade; the superintendent la a Dative Mariettian, for thirty years a machinist while 
the treasurer was also born In this count; and bae resided in the city for ten years 
past. The tra le of the Marietta Manufacturing Co. extends well over Ohio aDd ad- 
• stab - the product being stoveE and ranges, iron and brass castings, plows and 
repairs. In the well furnished machine department a specialty is made of compound 
and condensing engines, pumps, etc. for the Bteamboat trade. Fifty to sixty men 
are employed and this solid industry is an important factor In Marietta's growth 
and continued prosperity. 

I i 



:iARn:iiA mamiacii kivi c<>. 

Crown Casting Co. Started in 1899, by rorici- a Ranger for the manufac- 
ture of -oil pipe met with good success and a demand toi it> product, Boil pipe, 
ii i- made principal lv from stove plate, scrap ami castings, Dr. < >. a. Lambert 
: N. I.. William.-, Gen'l Mgr.; Willis Morris, 1^ Edgerton ami A. w aliaoe, pur- 
chased the plant from F 1 1 i;.m i'.t in M;iv 1900 and Incorporated with a capital of 
"i Numerous improvements have been added and more are contemplated to 

keep pace with orders. The planl ha- a Bide track between the foundry and tinish- 

Lng house Cores a are in line for Casting 1,300 ft. of 1 inoh and 1,000 ft. of 

nob pipe each day in many places health boards have decided that iron pipes 

only shall he used within a building, a- common sewer-plpe are prone to crack easily 

and make leakage of sewer gas into the premises, consequently this line of manu- 
faot ure i- in tbe ascending soale ami Marietta bids the Crown Casting Co. welcome 
among ber numerous Industries The foundry and pffloe is at Fori and Wood St. on 
the w.-t -i. i.- whi re some 25 men Bnd employment. 

Patttn Bros and Co. -This company bad its origin as Pattln, Hall and Pat- 
tin, whiob was formed aboul 1888 The Pat tin Bros., W. 8. and D. P., in - 
bought out t he Interest of •' < ■ I lull, and Bince then the firm baa been Pattln B 

in 1899 a new plant was > reoted on Second St , to he run in connection with 



the west-side plant. This building is 60x120 and contains the offices, dra'ting and 
model rooms, as well as a srery complete modern machine shop. The old plant, 
160x163 ft., is used almost exclusively for foundry and boiler works. The firm 
n general machine busim --. giving special attention to steam pumps, oil wel 
plies and apparatus. About 50 men are constantly employed and the weekly pay 
roll is ■ 5500. The Pattin Brothers are native Mariettians and ha 

identified with the city's advancement. 

H. Strecker This boiler plant has been In operation since 1867 when it was 
ibllsbed by Geo - r. He wae led in 1898 by H Strecker, the pn 

owner, one of the present county commissioners. The works an located on Fort 
ibove Lancaster, and occupies almost an acre of land. When in full operation 
about 12 men are employed Marine boilers are a specialty many of I 
river boats having been lit' 

Marks, Treas w. II Larkln, Se th also of Butler, and John J. Fox formerly of 

Oil City, now residing in Marietta, Superintendent and Manager of the works The 

. -ipioymenl 
Here and two large boili out daily. The location, is n<>ar the Ohio 

■ and the plant has a private switch connecting with the Penn'a i; R. so that 
shipments ran be promptly made t<> any part of the country by rail or rlv< 

Oil City, now residing in Marietta, Superintendent and Manager of the works. Th< 
plant is on Wayne st. between Seventh and Eighth, the yards extending back 70( 
ft. Tii.' mam building LsebricH re 140x350 ft., which is fully equipped with 

the best modern macninery for boiler making. From 50 to "5 men Bnd employment 

n .. !•., .. .i . 1 t ,.-. . 1 .. i.rr. . K. .i 1 ...... I... t . ........ 1 .1 .. ; I .. T*l 1 : . . „ : . i ' 

company makes any desirable stj eol stationary, wi 

ers, supp pportine Btacks, oil-tanks, Btills, agitators and Btand-p 

The works being located In this oil-centre, makes a specialty of the kind o 

fc used by oilmen, producing them with great promptness. A firm of sucl 
idity and magnitude Is particularly advantageous to Marietta, as if assists in form- 
ing the ground-Work for ;i diversified industrial centre 


W. W. Bowen & Co. — Among the recenf iron Industries of this place is the 
manufacture of steel ranges commenoed Jan 1900, bv W. w. Bowen, who came to 
Marietta from Marshall Co , W Va. Be bad been for ten years pasl connected with 

portanl standing In the near future. 

James Johnston.— In third story of same building with W w Bowei 

Johnson Brothers dealers in carriages and vehicles of all kinds, ;i- well as 
sewing machines, have recently removed ihelr office from 108 Greene at. to a 
building, cor. Fort A Wood Bta. Wesi Bide. 

ti. eeral small machine shops, numero I perhaps 

ters in this lln< og of note, bul we must pass on t<i other li 


WOOD WORKING INDUSTRIES.— There Le do question but whal the Mar- 
ietta Chair Company is entitled to firsl place not only in this department, but 
among the Industrial concerns of this city, From the magnitude of it- operations and 
probably in point of ace. The chair business which was b tar ted here In 182 

eeded bj the present organization in 1856 We gave on page 1 2 an illustration 
of the work,- and a brief description. We haye only to' say here that it is the leader 
in Marietta industries. Although its employees are all anion men the liberality 
with which they have been treated and the frankness with which they have I 
consulted has always mel their approval and the Sr.m has a reoord of "no Btrikes". 

John Mills, Pres and Treas. is a son of Col. John Mills, the family ha. 
been among Marietta'- most, enterprisin - J. H. Grafton, Sec. and Gen. 

Mgr. lias been identified with the company for 32 years and is now the dent 

of thn National Chair Association and President of the Centn Southern Si 

Association. Mr. Graf ton's efforts in the upbuilding of Marietta is too well known 

ton I comment here. The marietta Chair Company through it- i has 

done much to advertise the fame of this city abroad and it- magnitude of operations 
has been a great factor in the continued prosperity of the place; in Bhorl the institu- 
tion has been conducted on the broad-gauge principle-, of which any city might 
well be proud. A Large Baw mill here, is run by the Chair Co. 

At this place Bhould be noted The American Wood Rim Co.. Marietta's -econd 
largest industry, strongly competing for first pla 8 'later page. 



Stevens Organ and 
Piano Co Incorporated in 
W . Va. in 1892. with a cap- 
ital of 836, the - 

& Kio.-k Co. was shortly 
afterward- made | 

\en- < Irgan Co. by the re- i 
tirement of the junior ' 

partner, and is at pre-, 
known as t h( 

gan & Piano Co.: I ». B, Tor- 
pv. Pre-.: w. 11. styer, V • 
P.; B F. Strecker, Sec'y; 
i '. R. Steven-, Treas. and 
Genl. M'g'r. Superinten- 
dent S i ;i'n! 

Yt.. commencing in the 
man of musical in- 

strument- with the K-tey 

Organ Co. at Brattleboro in 1870. A dozen year- sii na opened ;i retail -tore for 

pianos and organs in Marietta and in 1892 was the leading Bplrit in starting s 
tory here. The commanding quarters on Gllman Ave., WY-t Marietta was 

is convenient to the boat landing and R. R. both for receiving lumber and 
shipments of finished products, ^.bo I f floor space is < 

with the latest improved machinery and turning out annually o. 
brated seven-octavi Combination Reed-Pipe organs in piano i irgan 

from ;t- pipe-like ton,., easy ami responsive touch, beauty of design and durability, 

in fact from its ah round BUperlor m«l - alned a wide -ale not. only in the ; 

but in foreign countries, space will not permit the writer to dilate upon it- m< 
a- a full catalogue and description can be had by addressing a postal card i 
the firm at Marietta. Some 35 skilled workmen here find constant employment at 
■-anil the pay-roll is a considerable factor in Marietta'- - Mr. 

Stevens hire- no transient men bul - ifflcient i 

Marietta boys to succeed in the business and consequently Is not Bub 
as his men all live at home and gel good pay. The Stevens < iii'iin Co. has Beveral 
special features and valuable in-, by late | 

partment will occupy the 2nd floor ■ f the Masonic Bldg. 245-7 Second -t.. with a full 
line of high grade pianos and org i » dall kind- of musical instruments. 


Norwood Subdivision. 

As the manufacturing interests of the phenomenal suburb of Norwood are 
largely those of wood working interest we will here introduce some facts and illus- 
trations concerning it. With rapid transit ithas become practicable to make 
suburban additions and the new suburb, in charge of some of Marietta's most push- 
ing citizens i- having a wondrous growth the present season. The village was 
platted Aug '99, and with the annex additions of as much more, now makes some 
325 Lota, nearly two thirds of which have been Bold, and the remainder arc rapidly 
being taken to make prospective homes. The many handsome cottages and resi- 
dences, which have been built up to this date in 1900, together with Buch large in- 
dustries as the Ohio Valley Wagon Co., the Acme Brick Co., Butts & McCormicks 
planing mill and house furnishings, and others, would indicate that this new suburb 
will make a lively village. It ha- now city water, electric light and connect 
with the gas companies and electric cor lines, giving every necessary oonvenii 




The Ohio Valley Wagon Co.— T\\\> b i8in< ss was begun Beveral y< are ago by 

Philip Trapp; the firm afterwards became Trapp & Stilwell which was succeeded 

by the present company Apr. 1899 It La a Btock company incorporated under tne 

3 of Ohio. The officers and directors are V7m. Reader, Pres.; J. A. McCormick, 

V. P.; Win. M . Stilwi I, Sec -Treaa ; Philip Trapp, and John Kaiser. The company 
occupied ;i factor; at Fourth and Church Sts. until Sepl of this year when thej en- 
tered their new factory in the Norwood subdivision. The plant mprises large 

buildings with a floor Bpace of 10,000 sq. ft.. The yards contain four acres in which 

there Is ample space to stack and season their stock, rhe works ar i the Penn. 

I;. R. thus reducing the cost of shipment to a minimum. The annual capacity is 
io,(iiii) vehicles The plant i- equipped with the best modern improved wagon mak- 
ing machinery, and so planned that the work run-- in perfect Bystem from raw ma- 
ul to finished yen c • Thl«* plant- is of Bpecial int. rest to the citizens of Mariet- 

B » » 




— *■ "■ ■ ■ DJ it _ J* ~* >tff tf* 



onto \ m.i \\ w \iio\ CO. 

ta for although it urge a9 some of its kind it ha- do superior in plan and 

equipment in any American wagon factory- Forecasting the future, by the acoonv 
plishments of the past, the buccosb of this company Ls unquestionable. It will aid 
Marietta In her Industrial progress and will be a large factor in demonstrating her 
■ (-ability as a manufacturing center. 


Acme Brick Co.— With Marietta- growth and importance it baa become 
essential that various industries of a permanent nature be established, and among 
these may certainly be classed the Acme Brick Co. This enterprise was organ 
in Nov 1899 by the following gentlemen; E Clark, .Jr., Pres.; J. S. H. Torner, V. 
l '.: vv. .1 . < armichael, Gen. Mgr ; 11. K Smith, Sec-Treas. : A. I.. » Iracey, n . \; 
and \V. A. Campbell, all of whom arc actively engaged In Industries mentioned 

elsewhere. The capital stock was made $50, > but with the valuable machinery 

DOW in operation the plant far exceeds that value. When in full operation 1$ 
modern, down draft, gaH burning kilns of 150,000 capacity will be In use. The 
motor power for the elegant Chisholm, Boyd & White pre-- brick maobine, which 
nearly 810.000, is furnished by a Corliss 200 h p. engine backed by two B0 hp. 
boilers. The machine molds from the dirl -i.\ bricks at a time, under an estimated 

pr lure Of 15 ton- each, and ha- a capacity of Over 3,500 per hour. A stratum of 

twelve feet clay on the twenty aire- owned by the company will furnish raw mater- 
ial for an agi to come, and this Is followed by an indefinite red shale quarry from 

which 25,1 Or more of -hale BhingleS Will be turned out daily, which make an or- 
namental and enduring roofing tile. The oommon brick machine baa a capacity of 
30,000 or more per daj of vitrified, paving, building or ornamental bricks according 
to the clay used and the treatment given, a network of railways gridirons the 

yard and 120 Small ear-, with a Carrying capacity Of 1,600 each, convey the bricks 

into the six, tunnel dry hou.-es, which will accomodate 80 ear- at a time and makes 

the production of brick . in rainy weather as well as In Bunshine. Th< 

shale quickly slacks when broughl to the Burface and i- convenient for band 
but when pressed and burned it withstands the ravages of time and weather and Is 

the mo-t economical a> well a- ornamental roofing that ha- I n brought Into 

in mod. in time-. The ruins of Pompeii is -aid to disclose it as a revival of a lost 
art The buildings and yards cover about five acres, which in full operation will 

give employment to 50 or 75 m< n. With direct shipping facilities by rail and river. 

there i- no q lestion about disposing of the product, the most of which at present Is 

hen: ; by Marietta emit ractors. 



[Plant- nub'.! from Acme to Butte & MoCormick are not In Norwood.] 
The City Brick Co. at Montgomery & 6th Sts. employee a dozen men and has a 
13,000 capacity. Palmer & A they propriel 

Thomas Cisler & Son, brick manufacturers. Located on Fn-t Putnam St. is 
the pioneer brick works of Marietta Established in L858 the has been 

continued on the aamesite ever sine works are equipped for turning out 

about 25, building and paving bricks per day. The material from which the 

briek> arc made Le a superior quality of Bhale, u r a- i- used for fuel and the bricke are 
burned in both up ami down draft kilns. The premises comprise about 25 acres and 
n 1 K m a sightly knoll near the works Mr. Cisler has erected a commodious structure 
in which the office of the firm is located. This industry la another Illustration of 
Marietta'-, feasibl it v for manufacturing and a credit to its owners. 

CISLER I'.klCK PL \n i 



The Sterling Brick Works. — This company was incorporated under the 
of the State of Ohio in lvi'Jand its stockholder are all Marietta eit iz6B8. F I.. 
Alexander, PreB.; D R Rood V. P.; T. H. Sugden, Treas.; 0. W. Sugden, Sea ; P. 
P. Morse, Wgr. who with C.L Flanders, and Wm. Morse form tbe board of direc- 
tors The plant contains 12-i acres of land, located en Montgomery bt. between 7th 
and 8th, and over $30,000 has already been apenton the equipments It has a Mo- 
Benry up-and-down hot air tunnel dryer, audits kilns are of the K ulaly patent, 
down-draft. The plant has a daily capacity of 30. (" " » ami this season the Sterling 
plant commenced making Btreet paving brick. Natural gas ie the only fuel used 
about the place, and all the bricks are made of shale and clay of which an excellent 
quality is round In great abundance, This la one of the enterprise - thai commenced 
manufacturing with 1900 and it reports a ready sale for till Its products aid B8 
up to date in every respect will add to Marietta's importance in diversified manu- 
facturing V7. iv Marquis a professional burner has been with the company Bince 
its start. ' 

The iTarietta Tank Co.— Sept. 11, 1899 the above firm purchased the tank de- 
part merit of tbe * >ii io Valley wagon Co. which is locab don Greene Bt. above Seventh 
adjoining the R. R. The planl has a 25 h. p. ^ r a> engine and the best of machinery 
for rapid and accurate work so that it can turn out wooden tanks with great 
promptness, the firm confining the business to tanks exclusively and Bhippi^g Che 
same for a radius of a hundred miles or more from Marietta About Bye car loads 
of lumber— pine, cypress, etc,— are used each month and Beveral tons of Bteel baodS 
Iron to hoop tie- Bame. The partners are C. 9. Ross, w . l.. Gorbam and T. 3. but- 
ton all Of this vicinity. Shop phone No. 381. ( Ml'.ce at 1 lo Front St. 

Butt* & HcCormick. This firm composed of G. C B • .md James McCor^ 
mick, commenced business In William-town April 5th, 1899, and a year later re- 
moved ite headquarters to Marietta, sinee which time it has erected a bandsome 
two-story planing mill ami work shop, 64x96 ft , and bas the same thoroughly 
pped with modern machinery for producing planed lumber, mouldings, Basb, 
j, rig Btuff and oil-men's lumber supplies The firm is especially prepared to 
j, ,.,,,: oil and water tanks and does a large lumber trade. The corn- 

owns a lumber yard in Williamstown and bas 6 ve acres of ground where the 
■ the Penn'a R. R. In the Norwood subdivision, for the 

convenient storage and seasoning of lumber. Mr Butte having d i : 1899, 
his interest is continued by Mn who Is an act e partner. This industry 

gives employment to from 10 to 50 men In it- various departments and i- a i 
factor In Marietta's progressive march. Thi er First Nai'l Bank in 

Marietta. See illustration page 99 


J. H. Becker's Planing mil. - Every growing I bave rough and dress- 

imber for building purposes and Borne ten years ago Mr 
ing mill on Wooster si ond rwo years later he purchased the old 

factorj al I 3 present site, adding largelj to the buildings and making a very • 
plete planing plant. The building fronts 150 ft. on Sacra Viaand 100 ft on Front, 
with yards covering about an acre of ground. Sash, doors, blindc 
mouldings or planed lumber is turned oul to the order <>f customers, the bus 
being confined exclusively to custom work. Tb imber comes largely from 

\v Va. while a full line of both southern and northern pin Becker 

employs from 35 to 10 men and for many years has dls - per week and 

largely assisted In Marietta's Bteady growth. The inc will soon 

bavi ' mded to i with the ord< imers and Mr. Becker has 

recently purchased a good trad of Ian I on 
dltional build inge when i i 

A. C. Wendleken & Bro. . menced tl • Mulberry and 

Poplar st3. 'i 1892. Their specialty is to furnish a<«n\ bouses with perfei 

n windows and .lour- to order. The plant 19 equipped with all necessary lai 
and machinery and gives employment to from s to I- men. 

a _• •. - exc< • "' sal -fact Ion. 

Wagner ft nine h , t,. n 

year- I be senior partner. A 

put up and their trade extends f<>r forty m 
aortmenl of mouldings, frami pi ,,- 



BOWEN & CO -Steel Ranges, Page 76. 

O. n. Knox & Son -Boat Yard. Ship building began in Marietta in 1800 
continuing brisk until stopped by I'res. .leU'erson's "Knibargo Act" in 1808. The 
first brig, II 11 ton-, w;i- named the St. Clair ami was built fur C'has. Greene & Co. by 
Stephen I) 'vol. She took a cargo of pork and flour to Havana. Within the next 
seven year- more than a score of brigs and sloops were built at this point. In 1~ -1. 
Bhip building was again revived by Caot. Wm. Knox. He turned out about •"."> 
boats, which were among the tinest built in their time. Tn L865 6. M Knox pur- 
chased an interest in the business and in I^st, II. D. Knox, was taken into partner- 
ship. The boat yard is situated two squares below the mouth of tin- Muskingum 
River. It glyes employment to from 'V) to 59 hands as occasion requires. 

Spser Brothers. —Some two years since, Speer Brothers of St. Louis, pur- 
chased from. I. YV. Kelley, the wagon and carriage manufactory, at Second and But- 
ler st-. This Btructure with shops, trimming and paint rooms reaches to the alley 
in rear an 1 i- fully equipped for doing all kind- of new and repair work, tin' capaci- 
ty beiri'_ r a'i > it 103 vehicles per year which will probably be Boon increased. Em- 
ploym >nt i- given to 15 tn 20 men and this well established plant lias had a Bteadily 
increasing business which indicates that the vehicle- haye given entire satisfaction. 
In the rep )sitory i- found a full line of buggies, Burreys, express and farm wagons, 
am >ng the Latter being the Brown wagon of Zanesvllle, O. 

John H. Oesterle conduots a full equipped wagon plant <>n W< ' be- 

□ s »oond and Third. He commenced here in L892 and employe- Borne !"■ men 
turning out to order any ordinary vehicle, the specialty being high grade delivery 
wagons M r. 1 »•-•■■'■ e was entrusted with making the Fire Department wa 
which Bpeak for themselves. 

Thos. C. Bay. — in 1885, T, 0. Bay, an old wagon maker, purcnased the busl- 
oi W. I- Bay al No. 211 Second S conducted a manufactory for 

till Kiml- Of vehicle- as Well a- repair WOrk. The works which gives cmployiii. 

ten men, Is under the superintendence of !■'■ P. Bay who was educated in the 
M irl >tt 1 schools and graduated from the « >hio Valley Business College. 

The Marietta I ruii Package and l'.o\ Co. was started In 1892 by .1. P. Marsch 
p nd John Gerhardt- Mr. Qerhardl was bought out by hi- partners In 

18 >\ and on July 1. 1900, Mr. Marsob I 1 e proprietor. The factory 



on the cor. of Seventh and W dings and yards covering 180x180 ft. 

About 20 ham'- arc I'inployi'd and 20 sizes of baskets made ranging from qt., berry 
>;/..', of which nearly a million are annually made, bo pecks and balfs of which -nme 
200,000 are made and of bush i or more, besides crates and boxes of anj 

to Order. Veneering for pannel work is also a specialty and this firm contrib 
it> mite to bbe general Industries found in Marietta. 


The Pioneer Mill Co. , at 523 Front at. was Incorporated under Its present 

with capita •-!!.' in 1892. Phis is a merchant mill with 100 be 

toe* ail kinds of grinding. The wheat uspd la largely raised in the 
surro . igricultural section and the Plone< M I • gives ;i market to raw 

ma - ' >ial and s in Marii tta sd Industries. 

The riarietta "v\ i 1 1 i r-i vc Co. The brick mill, at Franklin and Lancaster 
was erected In 1884 and purchased by the above company Nov. I s '.''.'. it ie a modern 
roller process plant with a capacity for 100 bbls. of flour per day. and as this is a _ 
wheat aectlon much of the w la secured from farmers in this vicinity and 

Its products sold largely to the local trad.-, although the company ships a fair >hare 
to distant points, doing both a custom and a merchant mill work. J. G. Beltz. Pres. 
has long been in the grocery trade of Earmar and Is a native of the place. J. P. 
is a Mariettian, absent 'or some years, seven years past in 
the milling business In this city. The enterprise m\t.\y to diversified manufacturing 
and i- a Bolid Industry. 


McLaren ft Wommer. Some four years ago the above Arm 
oeeded McLaren A Meisecbelder, Jan '99 removing from Putnam -t to the vl 

, on Butler Si Illustrated oi The firm puts up everything in the line 

of marble and granite work to the desire of customers, their trs oding for 

fifty miles. The partners W. I. McLaren and P. W. Wommer are both native 

Melsenhelder ft Leonhart -Thia firm commenced business a1 Its present 
q 1888, botl Marletl or partner commenced 

: in this line with his father somi whili M*. Leonharl has be< 

itter for 1 — everything In the line of marble and 

ite work many of the handaome monuments in thia vicinity coming from their 
work- at i IT I ml v ' 


Leather Working Industries. 

Jacob Brand, tanner, junction Front and Second »1 22 years, 12 men. 

The Strecker Brothers Co. 

— Prom it- magnitude in leather , , 

work and well established whole- 

Lrade, this firm deserves 
more t ban a passing nol ice The 
Strecker Bros., < Ihas. 1*'. and Benj 

e native Mariettians, edu- 
cated in i he city schoois, and af- 
ter five years in Pittsburg ;it 
t heir present line of trade, open- 

sinesa in Mariel ta in 1881 
A rapid increase in transact ions 

aoon made it n< Bsary to secure 

better quarters and in ' s l they 
erected a two-story and basement 
brick structure at 117-19 Putnam 
- k80 ft., to which two years 
Bince were added two more Btor- 
les, giving now five floors, a-_ r i:i"<'- 

_ r over 18,000 ft. of space, 
j el every a\ ailable foot of room 
is fully occupied. With Jan. l. 
1900, The Stecker Bros I !o. was 
Incorporated with capita] of $100- 

I : C. I'. Strecker, Pres.; B F. 

Strecker, Treas.; w. s Plumer, THE STRECKER BROS. CO 

who with A. II. Strecker and Cbas. S. Schaal form the board of directors. < >n 
the fourth oe 30 men find employment in the manufacture of the various 

Lines of saddlery and harness which the company turnout, the room being fitted 
with all necessary machinery in that line. A very large stock is kept on band cov- 
ering every thingin the leather line, harness, saddlery hard ware, Bhoe -tore sup- 
plies and horse furnishing goods. Six salesmen visit the merchants in Ohio, Pa., 
\V. V;i and adjacent Btatea where the company has ao extensive trade The base- 
ment i- la ■ '1 for storage of hides, sheep skins, etc., in which the firm buys 
and sells also dealing in furs and ginseng Givii employment to from 10 
to 50 men, having a wide wholesale trade and spending it- pi irgely in Mar- 
ietta, the Strecker Bros Co. is an important factor in the city's Industrial buc 
ami a credit to the enterprise of Its proprietors. 

The Marietta Paint and Color Co. - \ mean Lmportanci 

Marietta was started Sept 1,1897, and resulted a tb< organization of the above 
company March 18 following, with capital stock of - r plant ol 

:et Factory, started before the middle of the century by David Putnam, a 
used by the Lawrence Piano ( Jo . and recently by the Lobdell Bicycle ( >o, was pur- 
chased at a bargain for $11,000 to form., mplete machinery for paint 
grinding and other Improvements were added until it, i- now a very complete fac- 
tory, turning out annually Borne 60,0 K) gallons o paints, fillers, etc. and a arge 
amount of hulk goods In the line of paste and liquid fillers, oil stains, etc the 
has its own special formula- with Robl Walker i i ■•• . Scotland, an expert 
grinder and mixer in charge. Tne rapid Increase of the Bale in these i fur- 
niture maker- and wood finishers i- 8 their merits rhe cans for 
this company are largely made at the Dana factory at Bel pre. C. S Dana, Pr< 
the Paint & Color Co is a native ,»f Belpre, • In Marietta: C.J. LaVa 
came from Bridgeport, Con a to this place some five y< I slness is 

Illy Increasing and will be one of the city's permanent Industries A salesroom 
• 182 Front st in charge of • . I'. I > ib »Id and one , )n Fourth Bl . Park 
managed by W. J. Stephenson. The building < is well as 

that illustrated on next page, and others not shown a to this plant. 



The India Spice and Drug Co. started in I s '. >u. was purchased by Walter Kirby 
in '98. The business is located at 20H Second st. covering lirsl and second floors of 
the building iliu-trnted on page 89, 20x180 ft. in depth. The output is a full line of 
spices, which are ground and pacloed for the jobbing trade, and everything in gro- 
cera drugs. Mr. Kirby keeps four salesmen on the road and in the various depart- 
ments gives employment to about twenty persons. He is a native of the county, 
educated in the Marietta schools and his thriving business adds another factor to 
Marietta industries. 

Forbes Diastase Co.— As the above Brno seeks only to reach physicians it 
preferc- no mention but its importance preclude- our ignoring it. There are many 
forms of artificial digestante in the market, but Forbes Diastase is a scientific pro- 
duction from umit. in a perfectly fluid, concentrated form, without Bugar and readi- 
ly aids digestion in any part of the alimentary economy without any objections 
feature It is sold only to wholesale druggists, from whom physicians all over the 
country -inin ■ and prescribe it. Pbe Forbes Diastase Co, was incorporated in 
1897, capital 150,000, T. D. Dale, Pres.; D. H- Buell Treas. and Mgr. 

The Diamond Pants & Notion Co — This important business bad Its inclpi- 
ency when Geo. Blake Btarted manufacturing overall-, etc., In a small way, a 
18 i. a. few years later Morris Brothers bought ou1 Blake and the business 
been extended from time to time until it now occupies the entire four Boors o 
brick structure at 2o7 8econd St. a- well a- the third floor of No. 2o9. The doors 
are 20x100 ft. and the third reaches back 1 60ft. Borne 95 machines comprising single 
am sewers, button-hole makers, button -ewer-, and fasteners aierun 
by electric power. Ladies largely handling the goods, and an average of about 25 
Hi ■ d garments are turned out daily comprising working-men's pant-, overall-, 
shirts, etc. The Brm keeps Beveral salesmen on the road to visit retail merchants, 
ami does a large jobbing business, In the full line of dry-goods-notions, of which it 
keeps a large stock. The Diamond Pants & Notion Co. was incorporated, Jan i. 
1000, with 935,000 capital, Willi- Morris, Pres; I A. Eodgin, See. -Treas In all 
the departments 10 to 50 hand- find employment and another proof is ejven of Mari- 
etta'- Buocess in diversified manufacturing 



East Marietta Subdivision 


H^taiKWfHA,. w5 sd|J 



w > W 

Royal (ilas.s Co. Earlj In 1898 M. F. Noll, D. B. Torpy, A. D. Alderman. A. 
D. Folleit aod B. G. Chamberlain of Marietta combined with Addison Thompson of 
Wheeling In the purchase of two Farms aggregating ($0 acres for the purpose of 
founding a large glass plant, and the result has been to give to Marietta its third 
largest industry. The farm, lying between the Newport IMke and the Ohio River 
just east nf the city, were platted into over 200 lots, reserving a block of 300x500 ft. 
for the glass plant, Bnd >ne .if 300x400 ft. which was to be donated as a site for >ome 
other satisfactory Industry. The Bale of the maj ir portion of these lots enabled the 
completion of the glass industry In the fall of 1898 in which an average of 12"> m.-n 
are employed for ten months of the year, with a pay-roll of *i.r><io per week. This 

was sold Nov. I, 1899, for $93 [t is operated by the National <;ia>:- Co. of 1'itt-- 

burg, B. C. Fry, Pres : Addison Thompson Sec; M I- Case, Treas With the de- 
cline of natural gas In Indiana and the abundance of it in this oil field, it has been 
suggested thai some of the Indiana plants might be removed to Marietta with good 
advantage. Fifty of the remaining lots were dot, ate.i to the Darby Furniture ( 
which ig just completing h rue buildings and will be noted in detail below. 

The Darby Furniture Co.— Another manufactory of considerable imports 
to Marietta that the present year has broughl is the above. As explained under 
The Royal Glass Works, a block of land 300x400 ft. was r rved in the East Mari- 
etta subdivision for the purpose of establishing another industry, and t 1j i- was taken 

advantage of by W. .1 Darby and R.J Sensor, who i imenced the erection of a 

plant in July and the same is now well underway, with Sept. 1900 The Darby 
Furniture < ' >■ was incorporat* d with capital Btock of 8100 000, and the plant will be 
all completed and • with new machinery before the closi " ; the year. Its 

principal product will be extension tables in which the works will have a capacity 
for turning out a huge finished product for which there is a ready Bale throughout 
the country From 50 to 100 men will be employed and Marietta welcomes to her 
midst another thriving industry. Mr. Darby has been twenty years in this line of 
manufacture and brine- experience which is met by ample capital and busi- 

ness tai • to conducl a successful busl Dess. 

Ice, Cold Storage & Drinks. 


The Marietta Ice Co. — An ice company was Btarted here in 1891 with a capac- 
ity i if \-i tons a day but on account o( Mari< ■•■ t h this became too gma 
winter new buildings were erected, Dew ice machines put In, and the capacity in- 
creased to 41) tons per day. The Marietta tee Co. was incorporated Jan. 190 
with its recent improvements the plant represents aa outlaj I 
company aess in Icing refrig( -. a pari of the prod i 
shipped, « hi oes to the Marietta tra I >ur Lllusti h 
shows only the new pari of the large buildings r and Third ste The water 

is( d, and filtered through charcoal and Bponpe, when U Is frozen in- 

to200lb blocks Some thirty men are kept employed here and the pro 

ai convenience I i thecity while the p anl adds to Marietta's diversified man 
turing. The officers are John Mills, Pres; M. F v - ai i M who with 

Peter Grub, G. J. Lund, W.J. (.'rani and Chas. Muhleman make up the board of 

S. B. Kirby & Co. — A cold stora e firm in 1880 and a 

at the cornerof Fort<& Lancaster Bta. Th( - ha- 

gradually increased until about l. cases a •■■ ze are now handled here In 

the egg season and stored for higher pi 

Peter (irub of natural mineral water and manufacturer of crab cider 

campagoe, lemon sour, ginger ale. birch beer, pop and other carbonated drinksat 
No. 109 1 v M J6fi commenced bus 

herein 1888 and ships goods well oyer t hi.- and adjoining counties, requiring but a 
few hand- hut adding to the diversity of manufacture here. 

with capacity for turning o >r per da) of the export 

ety. The increase in business ha- put the plant up to it- full working capacity and 
employment is given to aboul a dozen persons, thus add ing to Marietta's Industries. 
Chas Rem pi - ime from Caldwell her.- to -tart this trade ai 
jiit property ami permanently located In the city. 

Phil Bachminn at 112-S. Second at. 

also proprietor of the Cincinnatus at 2l2 Front SI For 15 years past Mr bach- 
man n has received the Cincinnati Beer Cos, product, fresh from the manufactory, 
in refrigerator ears which he bottles for the trad- • men bel oyed 

several hundreds ol i anually. 

P. .1 Donnelly who has resided in Marietta since 1885, eon, lie', B bottling 
works, In rear of his Del i restaurant at 118 Front si Ete hai Scblitz 

Milwaukee Beer, '' which comes in refrigi tra and it dispensed princip 

toil, while i . pped to customers in this county, or i 


B. E. Stoehr at 703 Fifth street is wholi Christian Moi 
Brewing Co 's ( Incinnati beer and bottler of tb - tehr came to Mari- 
etta in I860 and made the first beer produced in this city. A few year- Bince he 
, fine brick residence at Warren and Fifth 9 

The Marietta Brewery, in Nov, 1898, Win Pel ler, Jacob Bppl< 
Kuehn formed this company, purchased the o r) plant oo * r of 

H el and St. i Sts , by John Schneider and 

a capai ty ions a a a) woicn is a r own ira homing 

oenl i- furoished with all t b and baa a 

which make- about 500 r Employment i- 

• went v men. Cut On D< 



v* A 



. ; 

v / 


• ; 



!|r£jr r -, rrr. 

-riff sf*Cf*'r*/-'S 

r- 1 i \3 


The .Marietta Distillery Co was organized July 1, L 900 with capital -tuck of 
840,000 for the purpose <>f rectifying and handling Liquore at who 
building at -'i • 18 Greene St. I5xl3£ has b ten rebuilt and .-how- ;i handsome pressed 
brick front trimmed with -tun,-. Ln addition to the usual run of liquors this corn- 
pan; handles the export and keg '<),■,■!• of ' reo. Wiedemann of Newport, Ky. Some B 
to in men find employment here. The officers are » Unton E. Pape, Pros.; Chrla. 
er, V. P.; W. D strain. Bee -Tn 

Transportation Facilities. 

Marietta Klectric Co.— Perhaps no enterprise In this city has done more 
toward the active growth and development of the place than the above company 
whicb was oi rani d In 1896, backed by ample :apital, for the purposes of furnie 
light, heat, and power. The capacity of the Incandescent tig mt, with 

burners, has all I □ taken and arrangements are now being consummated t »re 

than double the facilities. The street railway was first put in operation Feb. 1897, 
and 1- miles of lines were in use until the present season when ■'; more i 
were addi Norwood, We-; Marietta, out the Pike, and Green's road, 

furnishing the desirable rapid transit which ha 30 essential to <-\'-vy grow- 

ing city. Pour cars had mel the demand until the present season when the- cumber 
«;i- ■ cr< as -<i to 22, about half of which are in daily use. The main street 

make trips every 74 minutes and the sidelines half as of ten. About 1. ia— iilt- 

era are c irried daily and a great saving ami convenience to the public effect* d there- 
by. A half fare rate is given for an hour each morning and evening to accomi 

persons going to and from their abor. With the extensl f the lines the brick 

[i >wer house on s run,! S 1 I, became too -mall ami a large Dew brick power 

house in Norwood ha- just been completed. This is fitted with a battery of eight 
lL'."> hp. boilers, seven engines aggregating 1,500 hp. for furnishing the electrical en- 
ergy, which gracefully ami Dolselessly moves the car- up the many grades of t his 
vicinity. A I .. Gracey, 'Ik- well-known real estate ami oil operatoi 
N. Moor . Mgr. of the Buck Line i- v. p.; .1. s. 11 Torner, active in oil ami 

other industries, Is S c; and W. H Jett, Mgr. and Treas. The latter i- a native 

Marietta hoy, formerly in the wi. ind retail grocery business. [. O. Alcorn 

the electrical engineer is also one of the directors The others are John Kaiser, of 
the Nat' 1 Supply Co. ; John Simpson, whole-ale grocer; D.S.Boyle and E. Clark, 
Jr. large oil producers. Officered by such a force there 1- no question as to the 
stability and future development to meet any p need of i the 

Marietta Electrics - virgin forest, where the terminus is 

ed m Nor'. i ;- andsome park, with ravlnee 

and other attract Ions. 

RAILROADS.- When we review the history of railroads and discover that 
ithin the memorj of many who are now living, there was no Buch thing at 
>ad- proper, cars imotlyes, we are struck with int. 

■ 1. ; . . 1 . 1 . .. 1. .. .., .1 ...... 1 1 ; i. ; . i 

wfc Mi J 




ceivership which he Btill holds. H.C.Vincent is Geo. P. &. P. Agt.; Win. M. 
nforse 8upt : P. L. Alexander, Auditor and Cashier, all the offices beine; kept ia the 
union depot. Bhowo herewith. 

The United Terminal Ry. Co. was chartered in 1890 with 8200,000 capital 
and the swamp lands extending along Butler from Front to Third St. and up £ 
ond nearly to Putnam was purchased, filled in some 10 to 1"> ft., the union d 
built, tracks laid to connect with the K. K. bridge and prlvilegi - • ased to the T, & 
<) C. Ex. and B. &0 8. W. This enterprise transformed a swamp-hole, which was 

a meoai to health and could hardly be Bold at any price. Into property which is 

now worth 8200 a front ft. and has created a wonderful Improvement on Second, 
which bids fair to soon rival Pronl as a business mart . The Terminal was original- 
ly promoted by T. D. Dale, passed into his hands as receiver Jan. 1894, and late Id 
'96 was purchased by the B. & O. 3. W. which company leases privileges at the 
union depot to the other railroads. 

B. & 0. Southwestern.— Philip E. Thomas, a quaker merchant of Baltimore, 
was the leading splril In organizing the Baltimore a Ohio Company whloh broke 
Bret ground with Imposing ceremony, for the first D s - railroad, Jul) I. i s :>. and 

the flrsl American ll motive wa- built, for this road by Peter Cooper of N . Y. in 

1830 The same year E I. Miller of N. Y. built an engine for the South Carolina 

R R . which 1>v i -'■>'■''. had 138 mile-, of main track and t oniinucl for BOme years ' 

the longest railroad this side of the Atlantic The B & O. now operates 936 miles, 
the general offices of the Southwestern divi-ion being at Cincinnati, K K. Bacon, 
Pres.; ffn M Greene, V. 1'. .\ (Jen. Mgr : .1. II. Brown, F. & 1'. Agt at Marietta 

Mr. Brown Is from St. Louis and her.' -inc.' Jan. 

O. >. I., k. Che Zanesvllle & Ohio R. K. which reached Marietta July l. 1888, 
removed Its offices to the new union depot in March, ''.c The road extends to 
Zanesvlile. about 75 miles distant, and with March 1900, ohanged Its came to Ohio 

a Little Kanawha. The headquarters are at Zanesvlile, P. a. Dur '■ J. 


Hope Sutor. Gen. Mer. C. C. Harrlaon G I'. >v 1'. V.; J. S. Gillespie, Supt. .1. L. 
Reynolds. Frt. Agt, at the union depot, la a native Marlettlan, with this road since 
it came here in ' s *: ('. Ij. Flanders, a- soliciting ; i ^r < ■ t ) t has room ~ Tiber Way. 
<;. M Payne, who has been I in Marietta, officiate! a- tin- i i ■ - k • • t 

agent for the above roads at tin' union depot, and hand; □ — >>f from 87,000 

to$S "'in per mont ti at i hi- point. 

I'lAN^ I \ \MA DEPOT. 

The Penn'a Lines.— The C & M was mentioned In detail on pages 5 and 7. 
[t operates 111 miles and is of muob Importance to Marietta a- it reacheE 
central part of the state and now has mnections with all the P< an'a I. 

of which it became a part Jan. l. 1900. This system has the greatest mileage of acy 
railroad east of Chicago, now owning and controlling 5,767 miles. The general of- 
fices are at P \ . J Cassatt, Pros ; L. F. Loree, Gen. Mgr.; E i. For 
P. A.; w. < Adam-. Ft. & r k< I Agt. at Marietta, here since Apr. 

Ohio River R R Transfer. With a transfer to all train-, the Ohio River 
railroad, which follow- the W. Va. Bhore, becomes availab • to Marietta, lai 
same as though no river intervened. Capt. M. F. Noll has been agent here since 
1897 and keeps three transfer busses and balf a dozen men to look after the d. I 
of business Herman Sennieer i- agent at l s i Front -t. where tickets can • 
to all competing point-, while Henry and Albert Everlv have charge of il 

\dain !•:. ei j keeps the stab •■-. 

Marietta and Williamstown Ferrj Prior to the sixties the f err j across the 
operated by a horse tread power which gave place 
about the beginning of the civil war to the "Julia" steam ferry, owned by A 
Klnnard and this was succeeded in turn by the J R. McMillen, Marietta, Emma 
[Jhl, the latter running from l v ^l to '93, when the Pioneer City took 
is of light draught, good speed and make's continuous round trips from 5 a. m. till 
I0p. m Cap! J. W. Ryder who comman i pioneer ferry man. having h 

at that business here for 34 years Wm Hazelrigg pilot and Sidney Griffin 

both men of ong experience and careful manipulators. The ferr i by 

Muhleman A Noll, 

Mariettas Williamstown Bridge. -A franchisi in ted the present 

-ea-on for a new bridge to b i at, starting from Third 

and Greene and crossing to the island and thence to Williamstown. All arrai 
ments are being complet the work the coming winter and push it to 

a Bpeedy conclusion. T 


ft. and the estimated 0081 te $400,000. It will make a cOQtinuoua travel much more 
convenient. Like other bridges on the Ohio this will be of sufficient height to al- 
low the passage of boats without a draw pier. 

The principal promoters of tbis enterprise are Capt. M. I". Noll, (.'apt. I 
Mnhleman and Kolla Merydith. ('apt. Noll bag been a resident Of Marietta since 
1889 and hu- been Largely interested in the city's upbuilding as bis various enter- 
prises show. Mr. Meryditb came to this city 30 years ago, has long been agent for 
the Canton Bridge Co. and i- largely Interested in Marietta real estate, while Capt. 
bfuhleman Is a resident of Hannibal, Monroe Co, hut has Large Interests in this city. 
The new bridge bas long been needed bere, as ice, high or low water, often make 
ferryage difficult, it. win be of great benefit both to this plaee and Williamstown 
jind tl iters should reoeive a hearty enoouragement In this public enterprise. 

Bridges.— The C. <& M. II. K.. built in the fifties, stopped on t be weet fide, but 
baving a franchise for a brid id this to a oompany which erected a wooden 

toll bridge Up to tbat time all crossing had been by ferry or skiff. En 1880 the 

ci unity built a fi bridge of iron and wood at a con tract price of 184, £ ,oo Putnam 

tad the railroad built one For trains across to Butler 8t. On Feb. 12, i N M, the 
flood carried the fair grounds barn against the free bridge, whiob with a ma-- ol 
driftwood lifted and carried II against the railroad bridge, both going down. The 
railroad bridge was rebuilt substantial, and in 1893 the city attached a sidewalk to 
the same al a coal of 13.000. The Bwing draw was erected on tbe cement pier Bhown 
on page 8, In 1895 and the one formerly used at the west end of the bridge was oloe- 
ed. The bridge and water tank, for several months put, has been cared for by \v. L. 
Robinson. The Putnam St. bridge was raised and reset being kept In use until it 

Was torn down May, 1900 to give place to the 

Putnam St. Bridge.— The iron bridge aero-- the Muskingum I 
built in 1880, was a rat her Light structure and from the Increasing traffic of the oity 
wasoonsidered unsafe. .\ pontoon bridge was built [or temporary use and the old 
bridge gave place t<> the handsome -t.-.-i structure, completed in Oct., 1900, by the 

RES. CAPT. M F. NOLL, 4th ST. 

Pittsburg Bridge Co., at a comract price of about $90,000. This i- 77^ ft, in length, 
besides the approaches, set on new piers, the longesl Bpan being 213 ft., while the 
bw ing draw is 23U ft. 1 >ne Bide has a ten fool sidewalk, toe other Bide accomodating 



line, while the driving oenl ft. in the clear. The work waa 

under the bu per vision of W. P. Mai er, and J.J. Kelly of Porl 

11 iron, Mich., who has been 10 years In bridge work, officiating as superintendent 

Tin- work has continued over five months of time with an av< 
of 20 men. Abo I ■ i tons of steel was required and tin- structure will be a lasting 
monument to the oity and to its builders. Berewith we give Illustration of the 
bridge nearly complex 

Huskingum River.— Prior to 1836, navigation on the Muskingum was only 
attempted at nigh water. The first steamboat to ply its trade was the RufusPut- 
nam, owned by Capt. John < rreene whiob made trips to Zanesville when there was a 
boating stage. In the thirties Improvement of navigation was undertaken by a 

-. . .lain- and huks. Look No. 1 was bulltonthe Barmai 

which from a oommerclal and navigable standpoint was a mistake. When tho dam 
washed out, In 1892, the government was Induced to change the lock to Its 
i It was completed some four years later, 
look b( re Is 56x330 ft.. 24 ft above the mitre Bill. The lift Is from 6 I 
ft. according to th< Btage of water. The keeper's I modern brick struc- 

ture, illustrated on page 6, v. a- built In 1899, ata cost of 83,500 the lot 45x250 ft. 
wort! - donated hy the city Thelockki W. P. Ba 

who bas !><■< n four years here, and John Leggett. appointed recently. 

■ Iff*-^* 


Catharine Davl 


i w eb< i 


O. Brent Gard is a native of this county, for 15 years past In Mai icat- 

ed in our schools, and two y< arssim • In the mining and Bhipping of coal in 

car lots 1 Be baa a good trade in Marietta bul makee ty of ship- 

ping to noi Lb em « >hio and Michigan. The mini - are al Broad well, Ohio on the T. 
i C Ex I;. R. and are equipped with modern applia m uing coal, and 

the busini -- gives employment to about 50 men, theoutpul of the mines being I 
200 tons per day. The office is al room 15 St Clair building illustrated on another 

III I IS & M. COI,' WICK. I'l Wl\(i "111 I 

The Steamer Sonoma, which daily 

THE SI I. \~W.U 50NO/V! 

and ?•• CZJ& * b> + 

The Citj I ransfl 


Marietta Transfer Co.— One of the 
city's Inrev institutions shown herewith ob- 
jects to advertising the city and asks to be 
omitted. With the scope of this work we 
cannot leave out the largest transfer barn in 
thissection, which was built l;i^t year at a 
cost of -fiO (MX), uses over ^(H» horses and the 
requisite men, but being unable to get offi- 
cial data we leave the rest for the readers 
own conclusions. There are numerous other 
Liveries here but we must pass on to other 
• ■is. For pleasure transfer there Is ;i 

oat-house maintained by Marietta Col- 
lege boys In Muskingum Park, and Bk iff rid- 
ing on the river- plaoid waters Is accessible. 

The Ohio River has B full line of regu- 
lar p tween Cincinnati and Pittsburg [ 

plying daily past Marietta. 

Adams Express.— Th alar package express business in America was 
commenced by A.lvin A. lam-, about i s i". and has gradually developed into an Im- 
ports : '- having for Its motto -i d and safety. It has added new Lines from 

near bo year until U dow reathes about 12,000 offices and covers 50,000 miles of rail- 
road and Bteamshlp lines. The Adam- C ime to Marietta with the advent of the B. 
i s. Wm later changing to the O. R. R & Penn'a R R. A. P.Jones, kg\ baa 
i ):ill . nee Apr. 1st having had m years experience in the business, i 

at i 19 Front Bt. 

The I' S. Express, commenced business in l v "'l and came into Marietta, May 
1877. The i'. 3. operates 30,000 miles of Ry & -team lines. R k. Moore, liar 

A • ha- I n in charge for three year- past 

Western Union Telegraph. — Prof. Morse secured a patent for the electric tel- 
egraph in 1839, but the Brat practical working line was opened Mav 27. '44. Tho 
Western Union was Formed In 56 by the consolidation <>f three companies then do- 
ing business in the D 8 It now owns or controls 200,000 miles of poles with three 
times as great a length of wire, and two cables connecting Great Britain and the 
United States. There are about 10,500 regular and as many railroad offices, Fifty 
million messages are annually transmitted, the handling of which requires 22,000 
operators, about half of whom are also In railroad employ. The magnetic I 
graph first began to deliver messages a1 Marietta late in the forties. Capt. W. G. 
Fuller, now of Galllpolis, was first operator here. J. M. Williams, manager of the 
Line, has been in charge a< Marietta for Beven years. At first needing only two 
messenger boys, be now requires two assistani operators and ;i book keeper. 

The Central District and Printing Telegraph Co. — A Bcore of years 
shown a marvelous development in electrical science and perhaps for commer 
use none has equalled the telephone. This Instrument only brought to practical use 
March, L876, bas spread with wonderful alacrity and become ;i □ ery 

civilized community The j love company are al Pittsburg 

but a branch office, was Located at Marietta in 1886, which through the Longdis- 
tance phone gives connection to any part of the U. S. A system of conduit 
cently been placed which will give facilities for Bervice to 2,500 or more subscribers 
and these will connect the central exchange with Lis more than 600 Marietta sub- 
scribers. Al the necessary b witch boards ana Latest electrical appliances are found 
at the exchange, 1 7 7 Fronl -t. In charge o' Manager C Collins of New York, a tele- 
phone man of several years experience who Informs us thai the company has pur- 
chas< 3d and itli. where the erection of a handsome and 

substantial office building will at once be commenc* 

Post Office. Notably to assist business and transportation comes a good pos- 
tal service. Prior to 1794, Marietta's only communication with the east was by pri- 
vate messengers. In the spring of thai year a route was established betwi en Pitts- 
burg and Cincinnati and an office opened herewith R J.Meigs, Jr as first P. M. 
The post came by this place every two week- in '98 the first route was established 
between Marietta and Zanesville the trip requiring two to four days. Four 3 
later a route was made to Cincinnati via Athens. By 1825 the Bervice bad vastly 
improved but weekly mail was yet considered up-to-date. The Ho-t Masters here 
for 20 years past have been s - I.- Grosvenor appointed 1882; EC 8 Nye, '86; E It. Al- 
derman, '90; Benry Roeser '94; and M. M Rose '98, Mr. Rose was chairman of the 
Repub lean Co ( lommittc e prior to his appointment and favorably known in Mariet- 
ta Th( present sa irj \ a ton of mail now passes thro 

are A. D McCoy, Ass't P. M.; C B. Rose, mailing clerk: 
David how. 1 Lc, Edward Best, gen'l delivery clerk; C. B. Davis and J. I-'. 

Stewart, -tamp' re. Ten carriers ar< n q lired in the free dellverj service. A con- 
tract bas been made to place the office In the Nbw St. Clair building, Bhown on • 

iiid it will probablj new quarters booh after this book is in print. 

receipts for Marietta, year ending July 1. 1900, were 827,392, again of W 672 over 
tii.- preceedicg year which Bhows decided progress. 

Entertainment Interests. 

The good reputation and general prosperity of a city are gr< .meed by 

good hotel accommodations, for prospectors and sharp businessmen will not long 
remain where they are shabily treated. Marietta b 1- a half dozen good ho 
numerous boarding bouses furnish entertainment to transients. 

I he St James La among the landmarks of Marietta, a hotel having been • 
on this -pot for fifty year-. ('. i arly landlord here and for many 

vear.~ attend, d to the comforts of Bti ■ ■' ■ St rami - bas been n 1 

from timo to t *89 the large three story addition shown in our illustra- 

tion was built, briuging the number of b1< eping rooms up to over thirty. Mine Bosl 
I. .1 Cutter, was a landlord for many year- at Cumberland, < > . and tl 

based the St. James making several Improvements and continuing t ht- popular 
prici day, which considering that it Is in the bu- ••• for 

the accommodations afforded. See cut pagi I 


The St Cloud Ho 
tel - It Is notable how 

many oil □ ■ i trag-- 

i il in 

and how well they 
_ r nize the 
- .if transient men. 
3. ' mine 

host" at the St. Cloud is 
:i native of W. Va. for 
ars resid- 
ing in Marietta and is 
of the Pier- 
point Oil and Gas Co. 
I [e had charge <>f one of 
Marii I 

tels for two yea 

l«-:t-i riLT tlif St. Cloud, in 

m of five 

and is thoroughly 

minted with the 

needs of the city. The 

St. Cloud, picture of 

_ which is shown herewith 

M9H is a hand-ome four story. 
^^" mansard roof strucl 

with 7' I rooms for guests 
THK ST. CLOUD HOTEL. and) wifll ;;i| ._... halls and 

note, during the Grand Lodge of the I. O. O. P . withashow and other transients, 
Mr. Pierpoint lodged 125 persons in the St. Cloud, without great inconvenienoe. 


The Nowood — 
is (in t he site of the 
old National Bouse, 
which was '•• 
some forty year 
ami a hote 
run here ever Bince 

under diyerB nam.-. 

In July of la>t year 
the place was pur- 
. by Hyatt and 
Clark, who rebuilt 
the same, converting 
it into a handsome 
fourstory modern ho- 
tel throughout, with 
65 guesl chai 
Jerome Hyatt, the 
landlord, i- an old ho- 
tel man and his part" 

n.-r, I'.. * lark. Jr . is 

recognized as a push- 
er in but Iness. The 
Norwood was opened 
in Feb 1900, at a coal 

THE NORWOOD with | llt 1U „1 furni-h- 

(50,000, and has practically held a full houw »ver since. J. R. Wal- 

,••11-. who has had ten years ezperlenoe In hotel « >rk serve- as olerk. 



moderc improvements, fust running elevator, 
large patronage of the t raveling public. 

The Belles uc 

with represent the 

prominent hotels. It 
w;i> erected by a d d 
our le 
ated as l he Mar 


! A. Me< 

l-i'M. ;lll of Wtli 

sivt- \\) 

A. Lin-, a hotel man 
years e.x perlenc 


rk. The 
tion Hi' t he Bel 
Done in 

'j 3 tile 

I cor. of Front 
Hj erlooking 'lie beautiful - 
"| ery of the Ohio R ■ 

1 always afford* a cool br 

The 'house is fo - in 

height and is equipped with 
hot and cold hath-, etc [1 

si .1 IMI !S Mill II 

rbe Wakefield. [ i Marietta, and particularly the gi 

itatioo i the City Hall, C E. and new alteoftbe l'. <>. is the 



mauj superb ofl :e buildings within a distance of two squares, Da ikes the Bit 
Third and Putaam sts. an excellent one tor addltloaal hotel a - N ' 8. 

Dye has for a num i pi a b tardicg and lier - 

H. Ward, who for tec years pasl b is bjea engaged Lathe newspaper business of 
msln, bas to his □ itive city, t >rn down the old horn istead and erect- 

ed a new three-story brick hotel. This has about forty sleeping apartments and is 
newly furnished throughout With its luxuriant -hade trees it makes an Ideal 
p ao Wakefield Is at once commanding its full Bhare <>f patronage from the 

transient public, at rati 11.25 per day. 

Financial Institutions. 

The banking facilities of a city are of great importance to both its Industrial 
and commercial progress and the men at the head of the Marli tta banks may confi- 
dent conservative and enterprising officials. This condition 
of ai amercial stability and failures of any Importanl en- 
terprise in this oltj have b ion of rm->- occurrence. 

The First National Bank was chartered in 1863 and was n ed In '83. 

Each sue ling statement shows a healthy growth In its affairs, Indicative of the 

eral prosperity of the city. The condition on Sept. 5, 1900, recorded loans and 
i ' s. and other 375, real est ite, cash, and de- 

ls with othSr banks, 8293,449; whloh with other assette makes a grand total of 
ii 11 ties are for oapltal and surplus 1311,241 circulation I 
and i • nrbioh makes a showing of whioh even a metropolitan bank 

- bamed 
Wm. W. Mills, Pres Is a lifelong Martettlan and largely Identified with its 
upbuilding; Col, T. W. Moor.' Ii .-i capitalist, an old resident <>f the olty, Jos 9 
bel, Casl .»'. Best, Assistant, are both Datives here. The director 

John Mills, T. w. Moore, w. w . Mills, 8. it. Klrby and Charles Penrose all men <>f 
blgb standing in the oommucity. 


"r'"r 3' 81 :> !''N 

A %JLJ l -- r il'' 


The Dime Savings So 
ciety was incorporated in 1 B7 I . 
J. L. Mil Is serving as pr< si- 
dent to I ^ v I. Jeweti I 'aimer to 
'90, and L'hos. Ewarl to '93, 
Bince which time vV. I .. Way, 
attorney, bas presided. W 
H. Styer, druggist, i> vice 
president while Cbas. 1 1 New- 
ton, a oal i \ '■ Mariet bian, bas 

ited a- t reasuer Bince 1^77 
excepting two year 
Tin- sworn statement of the 
Society's standing, < tat. 1. 1900 
Bhows in.iii-. principally on 
real estate, $219, 162 stocks ami 

bonds$31 1,610; currency, &i ie 

furniture, etc. 8121 ,297; undi- 
vided profit • 
posits whiob eti 
in 1882, ha- increasi •: until 
they now stand at 8642, '■■ 

within tb ■ cade, 

giving evidence that Ma 

■ - not only I 
dence in I be stability of this 
Institution but made 

money and acquired th< 

bit of I I'll" tr 

of tli.- concern are M B. Ship- 


^THh Dl 


man, M. F. N i M. R. Andrews, Wm, H. Lord, 6. B. Sunderland, 

E.G. Brigham, A. W. Tompkins, Jacob Seyler, \. .1 R . E. VacDervoort, 

Benry Wendelken, all men of Integrity an The building 

lias no ostentatious exterior, but is well tilted for bankii "ing 

one of tli' tic locking safes, private rent to customers 
and other 

Citizens National Bank.— The start of active pro 

dltional banking facilities desirable and tbe above hunk was 
ganiz.-'i in i v -'.', present capital of $100.01 J an accumulation of surplus and 

undivided pro 840,000 [n IS d into the handsome struc- 

tbat it now owns corner of Putnam and Second Bts.. which is thoroughly fitted 
with modern banking facilities. Upon the death of Mr. A. T. Nye, Bome two j 

. E M. B seeded to the presidency; D. B. Torpy vice president 

in Marietta manuf C M. Sheets, cashier, has been in the ban k since its or- 

ganization; C. L. Booth, assistant cashier, oommenced in 18 r for 

this bank Tl irs are D. I'.. Torpy, B F Streoker, Jacob Wittlig, B'rank 

., . \i Booth all solid citizens of Marietta. The statement of th< 
National. Sept 5th, showed loan- 8354.721, bo state, deposits, 

with other banks, etc. $151,612, Bpecie, etc. 53,674; capital stock . surplus and pr 
sits. 1462.334. 

CITIZENS NATIONAL BANK.- Putnam and Second Sts. 

Qerman National Bank Tbe fourth bank of this oity was 
with a capital of 8100,000 and commenced business in the new Wittlig build* 
ing as soon as thai handsome business block was finished Tbe banking room, 
at 212 Front Bt., is exceptionally well furnibhed and has the best modern app 
eB for convenient and safe banking. Tbe German National opening was celebrated 
as an Important financial event and In d bj Marietta financiers. The 

is follows: Wm H. Ebicger, Pros.; J S. II. Toroer, V. Pres.; 8. L 
Angle, Cashier. The board of direotors besides the president and vice president 
are a. I. Gracey, Wm E Dntlor. John Raii-er, .1 a. McCormick, Wm. J Speer, 
ML Travis, all prominent business men of this oity and Wm Wendell of Lowell, 


< >hio The Cashier, before comii 
Marietta had f< »r many years been con- 
nected with banking businese in Buffalo, 
N. Y The statement of this bank - 

. Bhowed loans J, capita] 

and surplus $105,277, deposits $218 318, 
which is a very gratifying start for an in- 
il ion in business but 13 months. 

BUILDING & LOAN.— These associ- 
- when bi inducted, as is usu- 

ally the case with local societies area 
greal blessing to the community a- I 
enable t be Frugal poor man to becomi 
owner of a home by weekly or monthly 
Bavings, scarcely more than rent 

The Washington County Savings. 
Loan ami Building Uo. of Marietta is the 

-• dow i d bere. 1 1 was organ- 

ized in 1890 ami has an authorized capital 

of 81,000, I. It- assets July 1. 1900, was 

mi increase of $25,050 for half of 
this year. 1 bs v<— ]■%■>■ fund at t bal 
Bhowed $7,546, and all its affairs in a 

thy condition. Marietta citizens hold 

oyer $22S of its paid up stock which 

is carried as investments. Its officers are 
D K. Rood, former probate judge, Pres ; 
.1. W. Athey former recorder, V. I'.: tl J. 
Lund ex-couoty trensurer, treasurer; .1. 
1". Ward ex-recorder, attorney. S. ('. Wit- 
helm, for •"'» years in Marietta, officiates as 
secretary gi vine bis entire time to this bus- 

iness. The office is at room- 1 a 5, Law. 

Building It bas about 3,000 members. 


The Pioneer City Building & Loan Co was organized in Aug. 1893, with an 
authorized capital of $250,000 which was later doubled and has since been increa 
to on.- million. It loan- money al 12 cts. per 8100, per work, upon approved r< a 

security and by paying 25 cents per week 13 cents is credited to the principal. 
As the principalis gradually reduced the interest becomes 

iles the in' bo payout in about ten year-- J. S. Simps 

of this company, is in the whol< ierj business; J. S II Torner, V, P 

mentioned under numerous enterprises: J C. B itty. is prof 

and O. P. Hyde Sec -Treas., a native of Tompkins Co , X. Y. having come to Marl- 

aoization has been able 
per cent semi-annual dividends and its paid up stock is much sought for, as divid- 
ends are declared for whatever time the money ha use As the 
Bee u res his pay from the borrowers, there is but one man, the Sec.-Treas . who 
1 it i- worthy of note that ■•' the nine busy business men who are 

enough ha\ en present at every weekly n 'wl: for seven yea 

urn rhe official statement for the year ending June 1898, Bhowed rei 

32.93, while that of June 18 .".and tie I closed sh 

transactions a - .- - . ' July 1. I J, Alt 

the young" -' ol x i.i etta's B .. as ma le a commenda and 

ike rank with the fo lershlp la now 807. an increase of 

312 for the lasi aar, a new memnir for every b islness day In the year. 

German Savings Building and Loan Co. was orlginallj i in 1870, and 

reohartered -• vera! tim< - Bat o 1894, having at present about 1,200 mi rubers 


authorized to issue Btock to the extent of $600,000. rta officers are Jacob Reohi 
Pres : John Lens, V !'.: John Bickert, Treaa.; Fred Hlume, Sec The il ii-.-i.-T.u-;- are 
Jacob Recb, John Lenz Henry Blurae, Jacob Gepbart, Wo fteyer, Peter Grub, 
John'' stei e, Chas. Kech. [ts last statement showed (188.440 assets Its man- 
lenl le very conservative, as during all these years do mortgage bas been fore- 
.1 nor u dollar lost to the Bhare holders on bad debts. No din cl attempt Is be- 
ing made to advertise the buBinesSj but to use ii for a local bafe m< ans of saving and 
toting the building of homes, among the citizens of Marietta and its vicinity. 

Commercial Enterprises. 

Wholesale Groceries. — It 
will be iiitinjj to commence the 
mention of Btrictly wholesale houses 

The Penrose & Simpson I o. 
which was established Jan. 1. 1891 
The building is at 157 Front b»., a 
three-story brick 24x180, which is 
Literally packed witb everything 
found oeceswarj in the wholesale 
grocery trade. A hydraulic eleva- 
tor transports the goods from floor 
to floor and provides the means for 
handling this large stock of staple 
and fancy groceries, of foreign and 
domestic manufacture. The trade 
of tins bouse extends well over a 
radius of 100 miles The I 'enrose & 
Simoson Co. was incorporated in 
1897* with capita; of 880,000, the 
present officers being Charles I 'en- 
i S Simpson, V. P.; 
R. G. Simpson, Sec. The company also has a large warehouse on i 1 • rilled 

with reserve stock. The proprietors of the Penrose & Simpson Co. areo n nn< 
with various enterprises in the city'- upbuilding ami tin- magnitude of its opera- 
tions assists in advertising Marietta abroad. 



The C. L Bailey Grocery Co.— -In iv_' the above company was incorp* 
with 950,000 capital, J. m Earper, Prea ; C. L. Bailey. V. P.: 0. F. Strecker, 
.1 . A. Davis, Treas The building La 32x100 ft. three Btories and the company 

a complete -tuck In the line of wholesale 

Otto Brother*.— Among the Belf- 
mad.- commercial men of Marietta per- 
haps none have gained a more rapid prom- 
inence than Otto Brothers They com- 
menced the dry-goods trade In the Bpring 
of 1886 and in '93 erected their prevent 
quarters Nos. 110-12 Putnam -t. 11x100 ft. 
i ii r> i and occupied t broughoul by 

their \eiv complete line of dry goods, no- 

-. and ladies ready made wear, in 

which they do quite an extensive jobbing 

trade as w< II as - Djoy a large retail busi- 

Dg addli lonal room for t heir 

. In I B99 i!i-.\ ei-.-c ted tl -■ adjoining 
building of which tbey occupy the 3d floor. 
Some "jo persons And employment with 

concern which add- tu Marietta's 
commercial Importai 

• rated 





„ ... J » - 1 - - I -I 



The Worrall Grocery Co. 
Marietta's rapid increase as uu 
industaial and commercial cen- 
tre ha- made it feasi ble to • 
lish add itional wholesale bouses 
and the Worrall Grocery Co. 
which was incorporated May, 
1900, with $50,000 capital, com 
menced business Aug 15 in t he 
uncompleted rour-story ami 
basement, Peddinghaus building 
215 Second st., occupying all of 
one Bide and t wo top floors of I he 
other. This building is 16x100 
and has been fitted with modern 
elevator and ot her requisites for 
the successful prosecution of the 
busine-> The ollieers are J. S 
Pierpoint, proprietor of St. Cloud 
Hotel and extensive oil operator, 
president; ( leo. Worrall, for ten 
years past with the Penrose <S 
Simpson house, treasurer! M. E. 
Coffman, of Coffman Bros., secre- 
tary; P. W. Leedom of Butler. THE YVORR 
Pa. vice-president and Chas. Pape, also a stockholder i 
Leedom and M. E Coffman makeup the traveling foi 
with the business tact connected herewith, there is 
Grocery Co. will rapidly secure its share of trade in th 


n the concern, with P, W 

•ce. Officered ;i- above and 

no doubt that the Worrall 
is and adjacent Btato - 

E. J. Phorniley & Bro. — As Marietta is surrounded by a region favorab 
the growth of strawberries and early vegetables as well as a large producer of ap> 
pies, peaches, etc. in favorable years, th< handling of fruitand produce at wl 
-ale becomes an important feature of trade E. J. Thomiley Started the bus 
Borne It! years ago on Greene and in l s !»'i moved to 121 Putnam Bt Bhown in the Citi- 
- Bank row, and the name was changed to Thorniley Bros Some 12,000 to 15,- 
000 bushels of berries are annually handled, 30 to 40 car loads of early tomatoes and 
cucumbers, and also large quantities of apples in good Beasons, early potatoes and 
cabbage are shipped to some extent and these products Imported, for local use, of 
the later varieties The firm also handles feed. The business Is a great conveni- 
ence to raisers, dealers and shippers and till* it- place In the city's Industries. 

C. R. Harper. — Among the rising young brokers of this place is the above, 
who has worked up a trade that runs Into hundreds of thousands annually. Mr. 
Harper graduated from the Marietta Academy In 1895, and after traveling for tbe 
C. L. Bailey Grocery Co. a year commenced brokerage. He n im- 

berof first-class bouses and holds his office al No 3 Tiber Way, 111 -■ 

The .Marietta Brokerage Co. —This business was started in 1896, and purchas 
ed tiy E. C Linger, July '98. The line handled Is particularly hay. Btraw and grain, 
wbioh are bought and sold at wholesale, tbe transactions largi 
w \ ,i. The office is at Front and Putnam Bts. Mr. Linger ref» - 

aal Bank of ^ir tta and I) in"- and Bradstreet's < imei 

Dry Goods, et pa 

Turner, Ebinger & Co —S. R Turner, wbodied Nov 1897, commenced busi- 
ness herein 1848, later the a imlng partners, making above 
Btyle of firm For nearly 30 years the stoi ipled it* \<r< ■• 
keep- a rery complete line In dry goods. Some 25 persons are employed and 

-tore compares favorably with many metrop 



Hutchison's Bargain Store, 
from leaving this place for metropolitan cities, 

trade at home which naturally belongs here. 

Hutchison's Bargain Store 

— This department hou.-e at 169 
171 Front st. has become a fam* 
[liar word in Marietta, A. W 
Hutchison having Btarted busi" 
here in 1889, and has con- 
tinued to add one line of goods 
after another until he now has a 
full department Btore; covering 
dry goods and notions, lad - 
and children's wraps and n 
made wear, hosiery and under- 
wear. gent> furnishings clocks 
and jewelry, groceries and con- 
fectlons, queensware, glassv. 
hardware, tinware, etc., carpets, 
oii-cloths, portiers. curta 
wall-paper, shades, etc., medi- 
cines, Bewing machines, books, 
and stationery, musical instru- 
ments, picture frames to order. 
baskets and Japanese ware, and 
many other things for sale at re- 
tail Or wholesale. The store 
gives employment to over thirty 
people and covers annual bs 
about 8100,000. Each commer- 
cial house of large proportions 

to Marietta's complete 
and assists in preventing I 
thereby keeping the money and 

Peter Kun/, Jr commenced 
the dry goods trade in Marietta. 
Apr. l, 1881. and Dec. l. ' w ">. remov- 
ed to 162 Front Bt., his | 
quarters, which be purchased three 
years Bince. The building is 20x130 
ft., two-stories, and t he proprietor 
contemplates in the near future of 
erecting a new front and making 
many other improvements. The 
-tore is Btoeked with a compli I 
of dry goods, and notions, and other 

• - usually found in i 
wil h the dl ■me. Mr. Kun/ 

although of German parentage, is a 

6 Mariet tian. 

Chas. Jones & Son —In 
I !bas, Jones commenced th 

trade farther up Pi 

a 1885 bought the present 1< 
.it \~J. Trout -t. which is two stories 

[180 ft. and i 
dry goods and notions The son J. 
PETER M N . JR. - became ;i partner In 

i- opposite 1 1 be busini 

i il 


The St. Clair Building. —The superb office building Illustrate d below 
ft. four-stories and basement, and fitted in metropolitan office style, with fa.-t run- 
ning elevator, Banitarj plumbing and all the usual o eniences. !t cosl 

about $75,000 and is one of Marietta's! I enterprises, The rear pa ipied 

by the county offices. The front i> being fitted for the post-ofl 




Wilson & N oung. — < me of thi 
grade pianos and the Estey and Mason iS Bamlin, standard i 
. .1 in one of 1 
with. This adjoins the new aite for 
court house completed will booh ri\ a 

ality believing that in I 

Standard Oil C<>. I; w ou 
le and op 



The Marietta (ias Co.— Among the old time Industries <>f Marietta, indicative 
of enterprise is the above company which was organized in 1857 and basa present 
capital Btock ol - The president W. J. Cram, Is a Mariettian and one of the 

Owners of tin' new St. Clair building. D.S.Milne who officiates a- Beoretary and 

irer has been with the company fur ten years past 

The Gas plant Is at Fifth and Greene Sts., having capacity for making 100,000 
cubic feet per day. Notwithstanding the use of natural gas and electricity, this 
company has had a steadily increasing demand each years, which not only speaks 
well for Marietta's growth but fur the satisfactory Llluminant produced by this com- 
pany. Acme Plumbing Co. and Gas office, 103 Putnam st. 

The American Wood Kirn Co. — When compiling facts regarding wood work- 
ing interests, we found the manager of the above concern absent from the city and 
not desiring to ise unauthenic information deferred the notice for a later page. 
Our space is now so crowded that we find it impossible to appropriate what the 
magnitude of this institution deserves, hut will Bay in brief that it was planted here 
in 1890 and has grown to be an important and a mammoth industry, employing 

from IT.", to 200 bands and turning out annually some B00,( wood rim-, and 400,000 

guards for bicycles. The photograph illustration, given herewith, was taken across 
the Muskingum River and as it is partly hidden by trees fails to do justice to the 
plant. The building is four stories in height (i0x320 ft. fronting on the river bank, 
with an I. 60x1 1". along Montgomery St., which passes under the main structure in 
an arcade, the entire tloor space aggregating ]()0, (hmi ft. The pay roll of this con- 
cern adds largelv to Marietta's prosperity and the institution is one which any city 
might feel proud to own. 


1 he Hair fax Co. - « In s. cond st. rear of the Union Depot is found *he < ill. • 
the above company which was started in 1898, u> furnish talc toilet powders, pen- 
cils for rolling mills, and iron workers, foundry facings, etc The mine contn 
by this com pan\ i- one of eighteen found in this country and Is located in Mcx i 
N C. The factory is at Broadwell on the T. & O. C. K\ l; K About a dozes 
pie are employed. The business is chiefly owned by T. D. Dale and C. IS. Gard. 

Summary and Review. 
it win require no lengthy arguments to sum up Marietta'- advantages tor 

Continued development as an Industrial centre, iler location at the junction of the 

Muskingum and the < >hio rivers, her rich agricultural surroundings, her center in 

an oil lie hi of 70 mil-- in ii i a meter, which h.t- Steadily Increased in out put for twen- 
ty years past, her pnjsximity to Inexbaustable coal deposits, her abundance of -ur- 
roundloc building stone, underlaid with day and -hale that make- paving and vit- 
rifled brick, tile shinglei ipplled with abundance of natural gas, with good 

transportation facilities, se< pages », 7, 93-101, her foundation of more than half a 


harhar congregational church. 

hundred solid industrial ooncerns, see pages 12, 6,1-93, 110, wiih excellent banking 
and commercial institutions, pages LuS-20, her good architectural progn an as -down 
in our many illustrations, and many other evidences found by a careful perusal of 
these pages, are the pertinent facts that have forced a rapid development upon her 
within the decade just ending. When we recall the fact, that an average <>f one resi- 
dence each day has been put up for two years past and thai houses for rent are 
Bcarcely obtainable we cannot fail to realize that an era of progress has dawned. 
Very many of these are tine homes and the compiler Is Chagrined that he did not 
tind more room for illustrations of residences, but to show ml the tine modern clyled 
houses of Marietta would have lefl no room for other illustrations and we can only 
say that they are seldom equalled in a city of this size. Encouraged by the build* 
log and loans, with living wages, it is proper to add that not only mom of the me- 
chanics but many common laborers own their homes ami the "For Rei t" Biga and 
"moving day" are nearly unknown here. The favorable conditions which have 
brought prosperity to Marietta for tie- pas! decade were never brighter than at 
present and -he will enter upon the Twentieth Century with every prospect of g lin- 
ing a rank among the metropolitan ol ties of the Ohio Valley. The compiler docs 
net claim tin- to he a complete work a- tic -p. ice i- too limit* d to reach everj thing 

but we have however endeavored to ShOW 'he leader- in ail line- and if any of lie -e 

are omltte i it i- by per- Indifference, or absence of managers, or other 

: reason as none have been Intentionally slighted. The description of Mariet- 
ad diversity of interests Is not all we could de-ire but is sufficient to 
make a very creditable Bhowlog ami we believe will Inure to the oity's future 
growth. It i- confidently believed that the purpose of the Board of Trade to i-sue a 
thoroughly creditable book, for advertising our ad \ -■■ n accomplished 

in this work, winch will doubtless he appi •> our pushing businessmen, and 

as the 6.000 edition hae d taken with a decided - 

that all will he -ent out to do mission work for Marietta For information mi any 

special Buhjeot we refer the reader to the classified index on last i 

Tbat tbe citizens of Marletia have an abiding faith In her outcome is hhown 
by some of the transactions of 1900 prominent amone which i- the laying of three 
miles of electric road, count i ting Norwood, • a-- ai.d west Marietta; the building of 


Acme Brick Work*. Ohio Valley Wagon plant, and Butte A: McCormick's mill in 
Norwood; the Darby Furniture Co. and Pultonberg school In Bast Marietta; over 
860 new residences, all ab iut the c ty, from common to elegant: n»'\v *i'>o,000 court 
house, 850,000 Bigb School and $35,000 Evangelical Lutheran Church under con- 
struction; 890, 00n Bieel bridge, across the Muskingum river: large pavingand sewer 
Improvements, conduits laid by old and new telephone companies; electric power 
plant built at Norwood, City's electric plant and police station at Front & Butler 
Bte ; Tiber Way. Rliley block 8d st , St. Clair and Peddinghaus business blocks; 
Hume, built. Projected, Masonic Temple, new hose bouse, bridge across the Ohio, 
almost sire to be huilt, and there is more than wind in the movement to construct 
an electric line from here to Parkeraburg and to '/. tnesville, a> the effort is backed 
by Col. A E. Boone and other noted railroad projectors. D. B. Torpy will rebuild 
a SoO.OOO Phoenix mill, a oew business block will go up on the old jail lot next year 
and there are many other improvements contemplated so that Marietta will doubt- 
less move forward with the new century. 

Fairview Heights.— 

This picturesque suburhof 
Marietta was first project, 
ed in 18'tl by Gracey & Kai 
ser who platted some v i 
lots on the Ilai mar Hili 
summit. The original plai 
is nearly all sold and im- 
proved. VVm. Strecker ad 
ded some forty lots whicl 
sold rapidly. Jacob Steb It 
put in a small farm to ad) 
to the Heights and tb» 
Stockdale farm of •">-' acre* 
was platted in'<» acre lot:- 
by J. M. Williams in Aug 
1900, to in- Bold for line resi 
dence Bites. A large Bhar< 
of these have been Bpokei 

Orncey & Kaiser. - 
Among the heav) real es- 
tate dealers of Marietta 

is S.Ss 





should be Doted the above firm. To it- enterprise the Fairview Beights ai 
largely attributable and it le one of the chief promoters of Norwood. The ill 
tions showing the progress made the presanl year in the latter place, is Buffic 
evidence o/ the good judgment and progressive Bpirit showu by the above firm. 
Both partners are extensively interested in Marietta enterprises and are doing a 
full shaic in Its business promotion. 

The city dads have in con- 
templation, a building to be 4"x 
4o, two stories. For which the w . 

I '> I >'Nei 1 Co. have drawn plans 

shown herewith. Tde building 
will cost about $3 •"><"> and unless 
enjoined iii- intended to place it 
on I 'utnam -t. at the west end of 
the new bridge. It will nave an 
apartment for- a chemical engine 
which will soon be needed, and 
dormitories, reading room, etc. 

The riarietta Telephone Co 

— As the Bell patent- have re- 
cently expi nd Independent tele- 
phone companies have been start- 
ed in most of the large ci'ies of 
t be Btate and \i ariel ta not, being 
behind in progress organized the 
above company Feb. 1900, with 

"i capital Conduits have 
been placed on the bu-im BS 
street, holding four miles of 
copper wire, and by January, 

have been strung by th impany and 6')0 phones connected. 

25, soui.' 100 are in use and the work is being rapidly pushed. 

W.B.Of£>LC0. Anhiti 

HOM: UOUSfc NO 2. 

L900 at least 1. 000 

miles of 9ingle wire will 

A I this writing. ( tot. 


I IRE Dl.l* \H\ 1BIN I I I \M.s 

II iij- !| 






will accommodate 1-50 
subscribers. Sine 1 the 
patent- have expired on 
transmitters there are 
many in the market and 
the Marietta Co. have 
chosen I be automatic as 
mosl desirable. The of- 
ficers are: A. L. < rracey, 
P ; .1. s. ii. Tomer, V. 
P : K (lark. .1 r. Tr 
.1. w. Dusenbury, Bee : 
John .1 I inn. tig. ; tykes 
.v Middleswart, Will J, 
D u se n h n r.v. Connoil; 
Cbas. L. Zahnii Supt. 
Construction. The dl- 
reotors, a. L. Graoey, 
.1. B. H. Torner. K. 
cia.k. Jr., W. H. II. 
Je1 1. Henrv Strecker, J. 
w. DusAnbury, John J. 

Dun. BzOepUng four of 

t hoi' names, » bo are 
from Columbus, the of* 
NEW RES .1 S. PIERPOINT 5 TH ST. , l( .,. r> Hn . W| . M kmuvn 

business men of Marietta, and thus organized there Is no question as to Its stability. 


-■WfT'lT- in i 


C. W. Dowling - There are more than a score of building contractors in Mar- 
ietta, whoemoloy From 10 to 25 men each, but few if any have greater promim 
than C YV. Dowling, who is a native of this place and three years since erecti d the 
above handsome home in Williamstown. He has been a contractor for 11 y« 

pasl and some of t be i ■ 
monuments to hi> handi- 
work are the Marion school 
page 35; II igh Bcbool, | 
55; ami numerous 
that might be mentioi 
Mr. Dowling employe 
men and . . roll of 

8750 per week. 

I W Rowell is a na- 
of \V. \ a., for I"' j 
past in Marietta, He is 
_ r the tsher- 

w I residence on I 

shown herewith and has 

buill One I ies for < - 

1 ' -' ia. K rigbaum, 

i he double ho >otb 

a Watson on Second and 

ral other good ho 
t he present year. Mr. I to- 
well keeps a force of about 
NEW RES. M. S. ISHEkWOdD 2\) men. 

i <i Brlgham behind th for Ifi 

years ' Som • 16 . i ired t he room 

Ht Putnam -t and maki i icery line both in 

t be Btaple \ ari» ties. M fore by his 

Win. and John. 

August Weber, o 

t wo ng :i ful I stock of 




1 ID 

RFIS. T. I). l)ALl£. PUTNAM & sth 

Mi rcantih Matters continm </ from />>i</> 

grocerl b, and handling hay, grain, and feed at wl >r retail. Sis sons who 

are native Mariettians. assist in the enterprise, which proves a great convenience 
to thai pari of the city. Marietta bas a Dumber <>f good bus 

at convenient points around the city . Mr. vVeber has, isl erected anew double 
store room Lnx60 ft. on opposite corner, as the city Is growing rapidly in that vicin- 
ity and attracting numerous business firms 

Creightcn & Neptune at 105-1 Green st. four years since, aline <>r 

general merchandise, covering domestics, notions, hosiery, and underwear, I;.' 
gents' furnishings, shoes, children's millinery, and, oq thesecond floor ki 
lamp.-, queensware, granite ware, fancj china < 

J. H. Heaton, Merchandise Broker is an old res! formerly 

(Hi- and merchant. In i sV ', in- opened an office :it 136 From St. where he 

makes a specialty of merchant tailoring, showing a very full line of cloths, etc. He 

Is aU rman la Investment Co. i natt. A |5(X rl 

Issued on payment of $1.50 per month; 8 per cenl guaranteed oo Investments and u 
proportionate share ol the surplus earning 

State Dye Works. Repairing Is nol manufacturing, but dyeing i- In many 
- making a- good as a* avlng The a »ove busd tmnaeno* 

ed i'.. i A l afl ■■■ . la 18 6, and tw i was purcl B 

Potter who a few month to store room 4 of the new Tiberwaj 

itrated on later page, where coloring, cleaning and repairing of all kinds Is done 
',i or heavv g< i 




; * > » V - -' * ' !j *idj | u ( 5 p' 


Hagan & Schad— 1' S. Bagan com- 
menced the tin and sheet-iron business on 
Putnam St. in 1890 and a year later (J l>. 
Sobad became a partner. In 1891 the lirm 
erected a small building on Second tit. and 
the business rapidly Increasing, the hand- 
some three-story brick metal-front block 
was built in 1897. at 249 51 Second st. 
which Is 37x100 ft and fully stocked with 
Bbelf and heavy hardware, a complete line 
of Btoves, am) ranges, builder's hardware. 
paints, Oils, etc. In the rear a work Bhop 
25x125 ft. giyes a place for tin work and a 
vrv complete bicycle repair plant. A 
25b p. engine backed by a 9ohp. boiler fur- 
Dishes power and a dynamo makes light 
for tbe entire plant. The firm has a two 
Btory and basement warehouse, adjoining 
the city Transfer on Third Bt, em| 
some 20 persons and is doing its share 
to increase Marietta's facilities in the 
hardware line. 

J. Seyler & Bro.— Among the 8 or 

In hardware dealer- of Marietta tie- B 
firm stanl> in tbe front rank and will 
-how a favorable comparison with tbe best in much larger cities. The bus- 
iness was started in 1884 by Jacob Seyler, 
Adam Seyler becoming a partner in i s Tn. 
and a very large business is done at 1 58 
Front st. 

51AM I.N .\ (IRA 

the « ark Bcho 
undertaking I • 
lv identified wli b tl 

Stanley & Grass.— .1. W. Stanley commence) 
in furniture in 1856. and hi> SOU FT. W , togethi r with I 

--. both Of whom had been employed for some time in 

the concern, Jan. l. 1881. purchased the business. In ' 

.1. W Stanley put up a three-story brick 2<).\HK)at l' 1 '' Front 
st. and two years later built as much more at lti8 Front 
The old part was raised to four stories In i895 as shown in 
the illustration; since which the rear part Wx7fl baa been 
made t hie.- -tones, winch with >i ware-room 40x150. at 
the alley in the rear, gives an aggregate of 30.000 ft. of 

-pace, which i- fully taken by the very complete line of fur- 
niture, carpets, wall paper, etc., which the firm carries A 
considerable jobbing trade i- also done by Stanlej 
t he ent in- transactions adding to Marietta's commercial im- 
portance and giving employment to over a do ei persons. 

Oeo Wleaer. The rurniture ami undertaking busi- 
ness was established by Wii-o-a Reynolds in 1890, and 
four years later Mr Wleser. a native Marlettian, became 

s<de proprietor The -tore covers N"- 234 6, 35 It. on Front 
Bt. extending back 125 ft. It ban four floors, well covered 
-- with furniture of all stvles in leading grades, and holds a 
de trade Id ami around Marietta Mr. W. is a graduate ol 
m log and bis store carries everything necessary in the 
; i For seven years aa city olerk and bas been prominent- 

ia city's pro- ress 


Baker & Uhrhane. — This pro- 
ve firm, who commenced t h>' fur- 

oiiure trade on Putnam si a year ago 

upon the opening of the New Rllej 

block shown herewith, Becured the 

premises. The block is 22x150 ft with 

lighl on three Bides, Baker & Qbram 
pying the first and third floors 

while the Becond is leased for offices 

The stock kept Is a well assorted line 

of everything in furniture, carpets and 

window ahades. An upholstering de- 
partment adds to the completeness of 

the new firm's <>ut put. 

Tiber Way. — Marietta Is great- 
ly Indebted to ( !oi. J II. Riley for t be 
fine three Btory business row, covering 
eight fronts, along the curved railway 
property from Butler st. 200 ft. easl ol 
Front, to Second -'. The name has 
been given to perpetuate the original 
nameof the atream, more recently call- 
ed Goose Run, through which has be< n KILEY BLOCK, 2d ST. 1 
built a 9 ft. sewer, and the arch and fill made by tbu rt. ti and iiber Way pro- 
perty buries from aight a nuisance which was worse than a barren waste as M 
menace to health. Thi.- Improvement la probably the Largest benefit thai has 
brought to Marietta by a single individual, transformed an unsightly place into a 
desirable business section and our citizens are greatly pleased at the change that 
has bei-n wrought through the enterprise of Col Hi lev. 

narietta Sanitarium pages 3i 3. has rented 26 ronmq In Tiber Way Row and 
will soon remove all excepting the offices, which will remain In the Wood Block. 

immmic ftre 



O.J Fuller continues an undertaking 
business whicb Is the pioneer in tbat line, 
egiablisbed t > y hi* father over 60yearsago< 
In L884, tbe present proprietor took tbe man- 
agement of tbe business and at his rooms, 
1 1.' Front at . conducts h i iplete undenak- 

gtablisbment, furnishing every desir- 
able Btj ••• of caskets, em ha ming and caring 
for tbe dead. He i- a Da * Ive of \b< 
graduate of embalming schools and a prom- 
inent member in the Undertakers Associa- 
tion of Ohio. 

J. W. Doudna, Funeral director and 
embalmer, commenced the furcitun 
ness, at Chester Bill, « ».. 28 years ago and 
i wo years since removed to Marietta] recent- 
becuring room 5 Tiber Way where be Is 
pit pared to meet any requirement in tbe un- 
dertaking line Be also keeps mantels and 
lile and frames pictures to order. 

Jacob Wi.tlisj is a native of Switzer- 
land, the borne of the watch- making indus- 
try, where he took a dozen years of training 
in the business, Be came to Marietta in 
1868 and in '77 opened ;i jewelry store, 
since which by Bteadv Industry be has 

accumulated a competency. I n INS4 he erected a two-story brick at U'O* Front 

WITTL10 BLOCK, xo8-io FRONT 5T. 


and keeping pace with bbe march of progress, this 

i i tite and the lol al 210 Front Bt. in 

19, Mr. Wittllg erected a handsome three-story dou 

one front, shown i.i th intre of the Illustration 

herewith. The German Natl. Uk. occupies the quar- 
ters at 210 Front and the block Is a creditable addi 
lion to tin architectural developmenl of the - 

representing ;i value of aboul 82i Mr. Wlttlig 

can iea a Large line <>f watohes, clocks dian 

elry, etc. Be is assisted in the Btore by his three 

boos. F E., II T and W. .1 . the former handling the 

il department. F. E Wittllg has made a f 
of the bh In this country and in Europe. 

A. F. Stossmelster watob maker and jeweler, ai 
141 Front street commenced the business here In 1891 
and gives special attention to fine repair work or 
anything inthe je*eler's line. Be carries a stock of 

watcher-, (dnck~, and jewelry. 

Star Clothing House.— Eighteen years ago Geo. 
Blake started the Star Clothing Bouse and from time 

i has Inoreased bis b toe k and added improved 
facilities until the Star now ranks as a leader in Mari- 
etta The building occupied is 22x100 ft., first floor 
holding a very complete line <>f gent's furnishing 
goods, hats, shoes, etc ; the second tloor a large lay 
out df ready made clothing for men, youths, and boys; 
while the third floor i^ occupied with trunks, vali»es 
and extra stock. Firms of this magnitude assist In 
keeping trade at home and adding to the commercial 
facilities of tbe place. 




HI: LOW 1 HE .11 -<k|\Ol M DM 

W. A. Sniffen 
Opened a gents' fur- 
nishing store at L56 
Front st. in April, 
1877, and intending 
strictly to the wants 
of the trade ha- si 
cured an excellent 
busine-- 11. ; 
tiye Mariettian and 
was clerking in this 
line before commenc- 
ing in business for 
himself. The Btore 
contains a very i om 
plete line in bats, 
Caps, trunks and all 
gents' furnishing-, in 
addition to which 
Mr. Sniffen basa well 
assorted Ladies' furs 
department. He was 
a former member of 
the city council and 
is one of the Child- 
rens' Home trustees. 

[M> rchant Tailor- 
ing contin in d ">> 
/■":/' ISO.] 

The Colonial Hook Store 
was started in 1895, by P E. 
Van Dervoort, of New Eng- 
land hirth, and a full stock is 
kepi In the general line of 

- ami stat loner] as well 
B8 a tine assortment of leather 
fanoj and art good-, and all 
BUndl'iee usually carried in a 
i; rst olass book Btore, M r. 
Van I > srvoort La assisted in 
the t rade > > y ( '• E. < Mines, who 
has been behind the counter 
in the book and stationery 
business of Marietta f< 
years The store i> found a1 
153 Fronl b1 


The \V B. O'Neil Co. 
of Wheeling, removed to Mar- 

etta iii '.>',. Among some of 

it- buildings here are the 

i - Planl new Blgb 
il, Peddinghaus; r< bI- 
- A. I). Pollett, I>. P. 
Pattin and numerous othi 


r ■ 



E. 5. C Holmboe who Btudied with the government architect In Den mark for 

four yearn, graduated from the Polytechnic institute of < Ibioago la 1897 and locate I 

in Marietta. Lasl year be opened an office oyer the German National bank. 

Among hie structures here are tl lir building, Norwood Hotel, Ohio Valley 

.'. cs., Elk > Home, besides Bev< ral elegant residences. 

J. A. Plumer & Son.— The senior Plumer has been In the real estate busii 
for 30 years, having formerly been co eyor. The son became a partner in 

and the firm attend strictlj to everything in real estate transactions, without 
sidi Issues S B. Plumer, the son, is one of the city oouncilmen. Office on ground 

No. 236 Front st. 

(i. B. Sunderland, at 229, Second at, is real estate and loan agl . representing 

some line property, and lots in all parte Of the city. He bas several farm- for 

and as Matietta is prosperous property i- often changing hands and Mr. Sunder- 
land keeps posti d on values. 

B. B Putnam, who comes from a pioneer family, commenced in the loan busi- 
e three years ago. and is also in general Insurance representing several 
reliable companies. Bis < BBce i- at 229 Putnam &t. where he is prepared to advance 
loans promptly In any desirable amounts, on real estate Becurity. 

\V. M. Styer commenced laboratory 
work in 1865, o erked in a drug store for sev- 
eral years and in 1881 opened a 8 tore at his 
present quarters 240 Front st. with J, s. 
Bukey Three years later he purcbasi d his 
partner's interest and has now been for 16 
rears Bole proprietor. Mr. Styer started a 
branch store at 124 Putnam st. in 1888, which 
be still controls. He carries a large line of 
drugs, medicines, paints and sundries, in fact 
the full line kept by druggists generally ex- 
cepting wall paper. He is yiue president of 
the Dime Saving Society and Steven's i 
and Piano o. 

Mason's Pharmacy. — .1. L. Mason who 
graduated from the Ohio Medical College in 
1883, located In practice at Marietta some 
four years ago and now holds office in his 
new Btore recently opened at No. 6 Tiber 
Way, -hown on page 121, where the doctor 

keep- a nice line of drugs, medicines and 

druggists Bund rles. 

„ r \r±" 

3 »Yfftff-lE5I 



Professional Interests. 


A- BO much of our - Q tak- 

with manufacturing, petroleum and oth- 

interests, we -hail necessarily give but 

>f note- on professional matters Dr. 

True was a member of the < >blo I lompaoy 

and came with the Bret colony of 18 to 

this place. Dr. Thoe. Farlej «a- here 

shortly afterward and 1790 3 Dr. N 

Mcintosh practiced her.- and again fur ten 

years from 1796 when he retired and in 

commenced brick-making in Marietta which he followed until ah in 

Dr Wm Pin I'u'niini located here in IT'.'"., dying In 1- K); Dr Jog ah B 
year later and died In i^l_'. I>r. R. Wallace practiced medicine here 1800-9; Dr. W. 
501, died 'c6. J B. Sequier a French] near Mar 


\\ H. ST\ ER. 

1 \ i * 


I t . > town '08 and died '21. Dr. Samuel P Hildretb, who was bora in 
New Eagland 1783, when 23 years of aere spent a month oomlne through on bi 
hack and commenced practice here in l8o«, Bhortly afterwards changing to Belpre, 
about the time Blennerhassett was embarking on the treasonable Burr expedition 
Dr. H. returned to Marietta in 1808, wrote a history of Onio settlement In the for- 
ties and died here July 24, 1863 Dr. John Cotton located in Harmar 1815 and died 
'IT: Dr. Morris (ierman practiced In H*r mar 1823 35 r>r Felix Requ'er was in 
practice L833 66; Dr Hugh Trevor 1834 58; Dr. Sbubel 1835-57; Dr. Geo < >. Hildretb 
1835 until recently excepting four years of absence. Dr. Franklin Hart commenced 
in 1844, Dr. Betb I) Hart horn here in I8a7, practiced 1847-60 and Dr. Samuel Hart 
commenced in i s ~>.'!. 

(ieo. (). Ilildreth. — The olde-t native practitioner here Is doubtless Dr. < 
Ireth, who holds an office at 215 Putnam st in the residence Bhown on paf 

OUgh practically retired the doctor's lit lie form may he Been .very (lav on our 
. iom Nov. 17. 1812, ami i>>till hale both mentally anil physically. 

J. D. Cotton who was bom here Mav 1822, graduated from the Medical de- 
part ineiit cf the Louisville University in i s l"'. ami two years later took hi- fat 

a Marietta. He served as surgeon of the 98d O. Vols for three years and 
has since i d in regular practice here. Dr. Cotton own- a tine residence at 

ii^. Fifth 

it >rt 6t WcCiure, -Beth I Tart, father to Samuel Hart, was in practice here to 

bis death In 188J Sanu was bora In 1H3<), graduated from the Ohio Med oal In 

. : t, i- practiced bereever Blnoe, excepting four years three ol which were 

Bpent In the army. -la-. M- ;i native of " ... graduated from the 

n 1864 and was in praotloe at Athens prior to Locating here in 
isTi • be above Arm was formed. 


\\m R. Dabney graduated from the Medical College ofOhlo at Cincinnati 
in |893 aod three \' ar«s later locared In Marietta 1I<- la a member of seveial medi- 
cal a- tod iimii- bis practice to the eye. ear, nose aod threat. Offli 

,1 si 

A. H. Swinburne is a native of Iowa and graduated from that State Univer- 
sity. 1891. practicing ai Earlville In bid native 8' ate until coming to Marl 
Bept. 1900 'i he doctor bas opened ;i general praol Ice and makes a special -i udy <>f 


holds rooms 8 -■ In the it Clair building. 

C W. Eddy, office 304 Front s ts rea. 518 Fourth, has been in practice here 
or 20 years. Formerly pbysician at the Athens hospital for tin ■ insane. 

Le>ral Profession. Among the early attorneys of this plaoe were Paul Fear, 
ing, K J. Meigs, -l icob Burnet, I has. Hammond, Philemon Beecher, Tim-. Ewiog 
A. L Nye and others of note of which our .-puce will not permit personal mention, 

Nye & Follett - This Arm ooutinues ;i legal business which i been 

prominent in Marietta. It L. Nye, the senior partner was admitted to the bar in 
i860, after several y> ars of service in the civil war commenced practice here. He 
wat for many years associated with F. F. Oldham. A. I) Follett, horn in 1858, 
graduated from Marietta College in '76 and four vears later commenced practice 
with his lather, Judge M. D Follett. in 1888 Mr. Follett took Mr. Oldham's 
... and the firm became Nye .v Follett. Offices at 208 Putnam st. 

J. A. Qillahsr graluated from Marietta College in 1869. Be taught in the 
public schools here for three years, r< ad ing la* in the mean time with Oldham & 
Way. He took a course at toe incinnati law school and waa admitted to the bar 
: n 1873. He Lived in Bellaire, < >uio, and pra >1 ice 1 law in Belmont County, for over 
27 years. He has lately returned to Marietta and expects tj continue the prac- 
tice of la v here. I lis offices are in the St. Clair Building. 


HARMAR HILLSIDE From Pat tins Foundry 



The \ • 11 1< - 1 1 1 for erection '>f the handsome courthouse, shown herewith 

was lead by the Marietta Board "f frade in 1898. and ;i vigorous cam 
brought m majority ol the votes to favor the retirement of the old court- 
housi Bee page 16, 19 and the county commissioners beean t<> provide f«»r the 
expense. The contract foi the inw structure was awarded, 1900, to W. H. 
Kin- >v Co, and ii c 1\<-iiiii-ii y, doing bnninesa a* w u. Ellia >v Co., 
Cincinnati contractors, who have had large experience in the oreo- 
tion ol public buildings unci are a thoroughly reliable firm. Their bid was 
$14T.i> <». which with extras will doubtless exceed $160,000 before Its completion 
which is to be b} 1902. when Washington Co. will have the mostsuperb 
structure in Southeastern Ohio. The architect* are Samuel Hannaford A dona 

oft Incinnati and t > » « - work la under Bupervish f w. L Badley, Henry 

Strecker and D. R. shaw commissioners. The building will be faced ail 


'round with Bedford si duo and require oTer two millions of Wricks in it h walls. 
it will front 114 ft on Putnam ami ill ft. along Second st. The comb of the 
roof will !»•• 68 it. night, top of the t.>u .-r [68 ft . ahm «. t lie ground and the build- 
ing^will make an elegant home for the eo arts ami county offices. It will be 
made Are proof and t h<< third d< >< >r will be m sudstantial Bteel jail. 

S. J. Hathaway graduated from Marietta College in l8fi'.» and was admitted 
t > the bar in '71 l[ • Is a pension attorney ami general practftioner. Mr. Hatha- 
whv h.i- - irred a<eity solicitor, presid into! oouaoll and is president of the Board 
of TYa Le and a trustee of the Children's Home. 

Corrections & Additions —In speaking of Am. Union Chapter, page 48, our 
readers might Infer that it was a separate - tolety, but it was conducted as aide <le- 
greea of Am. fJnloa L > 1 u r i N > I, until about the time it received a separate chart- 
er in lsin. 

The TorpedoC >.. illustrated on the Register Building, is at 110 Front St., see 
page 68, and C, R. !; ch M 'dson broker occupies the windows marked Marietta Tor- 
pedo Co. 

For Gilmore ave M. E. Church, pa^e 41, real (lihiuin m • . 

InB.&O. S W., page 94, Mr. A. H. Snider has succeeded J. H. Brown a9 
local agent. We should have named O. P. McCarty, G. P. A., and I. G. Rawn Gen. 

of Cincinnati, a~ well as W. II. lirimson of Chillicothe who is Supt. of the Ohio 

In connection with early R. R. history we should hare said that Marietta wai 
auaon? the first towns in the IJ. 9. to encourage railroad huildine; U a meeting 


called Ju'y 19, 1827, to take action regarding the projected B. & O. the following 
letter was written, original of which is in possession of E. M. Booth, of Citizens 
Natl. Bk.: 

"Col J. Mills— Sir. the railroad committee, at a meeting held this day, made 
choice of yourself. Col. A. Stone, and Jos. Holden as agents, for the purpose of col- 
lecting funds by subscription, to defray the expense of surveying a route for the 
railroad between Marietta and Clarksburg. S. P. Hildreth, Sec." 

Attached to this is the subscription list of 95 citizens and receipt of Jas. M. 
Booth as treasurer for $1 ( .)2. The survey was made but for reasons political and 
pro— lavery the western termini were made at Wheeling and Parkersburg within 
the bounds of the old state of Virginia. 

In Secret Societies we overlooked the A. O. U. W. which was organized back 
in the seventies and has 16 members, with L. P. Hill M. W. and W. H. Styer, Re- 
corder and Financier; meeting at the call of the Master Workman. 

Marietta Council No. .'12. United Commercial Travelers, was orgaized in 1893 
and has 85 members. C. L. Flanders, P. C; J. M. Gibson. 8. C; E. C. Weis, J. C: 
C. R. Harper, Sec.-Treas. 

Amone other matters which we have not been able 10 reach in detail are 5 
Bakeries, 20 Barber Shops, 2 Bicycle and Gun Shops, a Billiard Rooms. 8 Black- 
smith Shops: The Findlay Brewing Co. opp. Union Depoi; Broom Work.-: Hntehins 
Cigar Manf. making 400,000 stogies per month, employing .'it! men. and 2 other fac- 
tories; 20 Clothiers, Furnishers, and Tailors: .'{ Crockery stores, 10 Druggists 1 Feed 
Stores. f> Florists, ti Fruit Stands. 1 Artificial s'one and 1 Grind St< neman f .; 55 Gro- 
ceries: Schafer's Harness Shop at 140 Front st. and 4 others. 

There are more than 20 other Physicians. 12 Dentist-, 1 Veterinary Surgeons, 
20 Attorneys. 15 Real Estate and Insurance Offices. 5 Architects and other profes- 
sional matters that we have not time and space to give. 


Hamilton & Hey drlck. — This Brno started the merchant tailoring trade io 
i v - 1 and have continued to inorease from year to year until they now have ■ large 
On the first floor, al No. 150 Front st., the firm carries a very full line of 
clothe and suitings In all desirable graded, making to order any thing demanded, of 
good and fins lines, and numbering among their customers the elite ottheoity. 
Ti. second floor is occupied by the tailors and machines, the Arm In all giving em- 
ployment to some 20 persons and adding to both the commercial and industrial ag< 
ite of Marietta's output 



There are 7 Jewelry Stores, 4 Justices, I Laundries employing an aggregate 
of 50 hands, 12 Liveries, 8 Meat Market-, 12 Millinery Stores, 1 Music Stores; 6 
Photograph Galleries, the last and no1 leasl of which is Fowler's 290 Pn nl -t.: 5 
Plumbm<j shop?, ( .) Restaurants. Saloon- in Buper-abundance, 1 Variety B tores, and 
perhaps many other thing's of like importance which have escaped the compiler's 

Phot a 




Additions, Corrections, etc 
Am. Wood- Rim Co. 
Banks, B. & L 
Becker's Planing Mill 
Beer, & Bottling Works 
Board of Trade Report 
Boats, Rivers, etc. 
Brick Yards 

Cemetery Mound 
Children's Home 
City Buildings 
Clothing, Furnishing, etc 
Coal Companies 
County Infirmary 
County Officials 
Court Houses, etc. 

129 30 




84, 95 9 



23-4, 26 

39 46, 113, 126 

27-9, 126 


72, - 

116 IT 

22 3 


lfi. 19, 128 9 

Diamond Pants & Notion Co. 88-9 

Dry Goods, Notions, etc. 109-11, 119 

Drugs, Med. etc. 

Elks Home 

Express Companies 

Fairview Heights 

Fire Department 


Ft. Harmar 

Furniture & Undertaking, 

Gas < lompanies 

(Ji-iici! Hospital 

Hardware, etc. 

I [armar II illside 

Barmar I O. F. Hall 

Botels, etc. 

Inm interests 

Jewelry Stores 

Lock No 1 

Marble & ( Iranlte Wks. 
Mariel ta 


Chair < lompany 


Commercial Col- 

Distillery Co. 

Electric Co. 

3-4, 13, 

88, 125 




29, 115 



90, 120-2 

71, 112 






69 76 

122 -3 

6, 16 

69 93 


2:.. 31 


12. 77 

10, 34 




" Fuel & Piaster 





Ice Co. 


" Named 


Paint & Color 



" Sanitarium 

31-3. 121 

Mercantile Matters 


2, 119 130 

Milling Interests 


Mound Cemetery 


Muskingum Park 




Newspaper & Ptg. 


North Marietta 




Ohio Company 

• 11-12 

Ohio Valley Wagon Co. 


Oil Field 

14, 56-70 

Oil Supply Cos. 


Old Court House 

16, 19 

Orchard Place 


Parochial School 


Petroleum Interests 5 

14 56 

70, 111-12 

Pipe Lines 


Police Department 

2' 126 

Post Office 


Pre Historic 


Professional Interests 

121 30 

Public Schools 35, 

38, 51 

53, 55, 70 


Real Estate, Ins. etc. 

1415, 126 


7. 98 

Royal Glass Co. 



St. Clair Building 


Steven- < trgan & Piant 



si reoker Bros A Co. 


Telegraph & Telephones 

101, 115 

Tiber Way 


Torpedo Companies 

Transfer ( Jos. 


Wagons, < 'arris 

. -1-:. 

Washlugton County 

15 23 

Webster Refinery 

West-Side Reading Room 


Whole-ale stores 


Wilson ,V Young 


Woman's 1 i>>rae 


Wood Working 

77, B2 

1 32 


Marietta's lai mpaii}*,